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A Step to the Future Preparing Students for the 2006 PSAT/NMSQT

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Writing Section Practice for the SAT Essay A practice SAT essay assignment will be printed on the PSAT/NMSQT Student Score Report. In your online SAT study plan, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Step to the Future Preparing Students for the 2006 PSAT/NMSQT


1
A Step to the FuturePreparing Students for the
2006PSAT/NMSQT
  • This material was produced solely by the College
    Board for its organizational purposes National
    Merit Scholarship Corporation was not involved in
    its production.

2
What is the PSAT/NMSQT?
  • PSAT/NMSQT stands for Preliminary SAT/National
    Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test
  • The PSAT was first administered in 1959 it
    became the PSAT/NMSQT in 1971 when National Merit
    Scholarship Corporation began to co-sponsor the
    test.
  • The PSAT/NMSQT has kept pace with all the changes
    to the SAT over the years, and even preceding
    the SAT when it added the multiple-choice Writing
    Skills section in 1997, though the PSAT/NMSQT
    does not include an official essay like the SAT
    does.
  • In 2005, over 3.1 million students took the
    PSAT/NMSQT 47 were eleventh graders, 53 were
    tenth graders or younger students.

3
Benefits of taking the PSAT/NMSQT
  • The test provides
  • the best preparation for the SAT Reasoning Test.
  • the entry point to compete for National Merit
    Scholarships (usually in 11th grade) including
    the National Achievement Program. It also
    provides recognition via the National Hispanic
    Recognition Program.
  • the option to receive information from colleges
    and scholarship services through the secure,
    strictly monitored Student Search Service
  • personalized feedback on critical reading,
    mathematics, and writing skills, including
    suggestions for improvement.

4
Benefits of taking the PSAT/NMSQT
  • Additionally, when students receive their Score
    Reports, all high school test-takers will receive
    a supplemental, online report that will provide
  • easy access to all test questions with their
    correct answers and full explanations (reminder
    students should review their testbook also, to
    see any scratch work done on test day)
  • insights into how students academic skills
    compare to their college-bound peers, via state
    percentiles (national percentiles will be on your
    official paper Score Report)
  • Personalized online SAT study plan that will
    provide additional practice questions and
    suggestions for further practice based upon their
    PSAT/NMSQT results
  • access to MyRoad, a dynamic Web-based career,
    major, and college exploration tool (access until
    graduation)

5
What skills are tested on the PSAT/NMSQT?
6
What does the PSAT/NMSQT actually test?
  • Like the SAT, the test assesses the academic
    skills that students develop over the years,
    primarily through their academic course work.
  • It measures critical reading, math reasoning and
    writing skills that are critical for success in
    college.

7
What does the PSAT/NMSQT actually test?
  • Critical reading skillsusing content from
    humanities, social studies, natural sciences, and
    literature.
  • Math reasoning skillsusing content from number
    and operations algebra and functions geometry
    and measurement data analysis, statistics, and
    probability.
  • Writing skillsfocus on editing, grammar, usage,
    and organization.

8
PSAT/NMSQTCritical Reading Questions
  • 13 Sentence Completions
  • 35 Passage-Based Reading Questions (100- to
    800-word passages)

9
PSAT/NMSQTMathematics Questions
  • 28 Multiple-Choice Questions
  • 10 Student-Produced Response Questions(Grid-ins
    )

10
PSAT/NMSQTWriting Skills Questions
  • 20 Improving Sentences Questions
  • 14 Identifying Sentence Error Questions
  • 5 Improving Paragraph Questions

11
How does the PSAT/NMSQT compare to the SAT?
  • Same question types, except the SAT includes an
    essay assignment that does not appear on the
    PSAT/NMSQT.
  • The PSAT/NMSQT is 2 hours, 10 minutes the SAT is
    3 hours, 45 minutes.
  • The SAT will have some math questions from
    third-year math courses PSAT/NMSQT will not.
    (Samples of third-year math questions are
    available in the online SAT study plan, available
    when Score Reports are distributed to schools.)

12
Sample PSAT/NMSQT Questions
13
Critical Reading SectionSentence Completions
  • Roger said the report was significant Heather
    contradicted him, saying that all the information
    presented was ------- .
  • (A) contemporary
  • (B) scintillating
  • (C) objective
  • (D) irrevocable
  • (E) immaterial

14
Critical Reading SectionSentence Completions
  • Roger said the report was significant Heather
    contradicted him, saying that all the information
    presented was ------- .
  • (A) contemporary
  • (B) scintillating
  • (C) objective
  • (D) irrevocable
  • (E) immaterial

Because Heather is contradicting Roger, the
correct response is the word that is most nearly
the opposite of "significant. Choice (E) is
correct. "Immaterial" means inconsequential or
irrelevant. Information that is immaterial is by
definition not significant.
15
Critical Reading SectionPassage-Based Reading
  • Excerpt from reading passage
  • After I left the room, I began to sift my
    impressions. Only the day before, an acquaintance
    had warned me to watch carefully for
    sleight-of-hand tricks, especially as the man had
    earlier been a stage conjuror.

16
Critical Reading SectionPassage-Based Reading
  • The acquaintance mentioned in line 2 can best
    be described as a
  • (A) skeptic
  • (B) hypocrite
  • (C) hoaxer
  • (D) confidant
  • (E) mystic

17
Critical Reading SectionPassage-Based Reading
  • The acquaintance mentioned in line 2 can best
    be described as a
  • (A) skeptic
  • (B) hypocrite
  • (C) hoaxer
  • (D) confidant
  • (E) mystic

The acquaintance mentioned in line 2 warns the
author to "watch carefully for sleight-of-hand
tricks." Choice (A) is correct. In warning the
author to watch out for tricks, the acquaintance
is showing that he is skeptical about the
telepathist's supposed powers.
18
Math SectionMultiple Choice
  • If ax bx 36, what is the value of x when a
    b 12?
  • (A) 3
  • (B) 6
  • (C) 12
  • (D) 24
  • (E) 48

19
Math SectionMultiple Choice
  • If ax bx 36, what is the value of x when a
    b 12?
  • (A) 3
  • (B) 6
  • (C) 12
  • (D) 24
  • (E) 48
  • The expression ax bx is equivalent to (a b)
    x, so the equation ax bx 36 is equivalent to
    (a b) x 36. When a b 12, the equation
    becomes 12x 36, which can be solved to get x
    3.

20
Math SectionStudent-Produced Response
  • If , what is the value of h?

h 1 5h 4 3 6
21
Math SectionStudent-Produced Response
  • If , what is the value of h?

h 1 5h 4 3 6
4
/
7
  • Multiply each member of the equation by 12 (the
    common denominator) to get 3h 4 10h
  • Subtract 3h from both sides to get 7h 4
  • Divide by 7
  • h 4/7.

22
Math SectionKnow the Student-Produced Response
Directions
  • Read and understand the directions in the
    PSAT/NMSQT Official Student Guide ahead of time.
  • IMPORTANT The correct answer must be gridded
    correctly to receive credit. What is written in
    the boxes cannot be scored.

23
Math SectionStudent-Produced Response Practice
Grids
24
Math SectionCalculators are encouraged
  • A scientific or graphing calculator is
    recommended.
  • Bring a familiar calculator, for test day is not
    the time to figure out how to use a new
    calculator.

25
Writing SectionImproving Sentences
  • A few barges still move oil up to Hartford, but
    in the old days they had more traffic then.
  • (A) but in the old days they had more traffic
    then
  • (B) but in the old days traffic was heavier
  • (C) but in the old days they had a lot more
  • (D) whereas the traffic was a lot more in the old
    days
  • (E) whereas then there was more traffic in the
    old days

(Note In this question type, the first choice
always repeats the underlined phrase exactly,
thus would mean no change.)
26
Writing SectionIdentifying Sentence Errors
  • A few barges still move oil up to Hartford, but
    in the old days they had more traffic then.
  • (A) but in the old days they had more traffic
    then
  • (B) but in the old days traffic was heavier
  • (C) but in the old days they had a lot more
  • (D) whereas the traffic was a lot more in the old
    days
  • (E) whereas then there was more traffic in the
    old days

Choice (B) is correct. It avoids the errors of
the original by eliminating both the unnecessary
adverb, "then," and the vague pronoun, "they."
27
Writing SectionIdentifying Sentence Errors
  • The electronic computer is a technological
    triumph that scientists have developed, mastered,
    and then put it to constantly increasing use. No
    error.

B
C
A
D
E
28
Writing SectionIdentifying Sentence Errors
  • The electronic computer is a technological
    triumph that scientists have developed, mastered,
    and then put it to constantly increasing use. No
    error.

C
B
A
E
D
The error in this sentence occurs at (B), where
an unnecessary pronoun is used. The object of the
verb "have . . . put" (like the object of the
verbs "have developed" and "have . . . mastered")
is the relative pronoun "that," which refers to
"technological triumph." The pronoun "it" is
therefore unnecessarily inserted after "put."
29
Writing SectionImproving Paragraphs
  • (1) The last century was a time of great
    technological progress. (2) Life is more
    convenient, comfortable, and efficient today than
    ever before. (3) Yet this has created new
    concerns.
  • Which of the following versions of sentence 3
    (reproduced below) is most effective?
  • Yet this has created new concerns.
  • (A) Although this has created new concerns.
  • (B) Yet this progress has created new concerns.
  • (C) Yet these have created new concerns.
  • (D) Yet this has created new concerns to worry
    about.
  • (E) New concerns have been created.

30
Writing SectionImproving Paragraphs
  • (1) The last century was a time of great
    technological progress. (2) Life is more
    convenient, comfortable, and efficient today than
    ever before. (3) Yet this has created new
    concerns.
  • Which of the following versions of sentence 3
    (reproduced below) is most effective?
  • Yet this has created new concerns.
  • (A) Although this has created new concerns.
  • (B) Yet this progress has created new concerns.
  • (C) Yet these have created new concerns.
  • (D) Yet this has created new concerns to worry
    about.
  • (E) New concerns have been created.

Choice (B) is correct. The vague pronoun "this"
is replaced by "this progress," which clearly
refers to the progress mentioned in sentence 1.
31
Writing SectionPractice for the SAT Essay
  • A practice SAT essay assignment will be printed
    on the PSAT/NMSQT Student Score Report. In your
    online SAT study plan, you will be able to see
    sample papers written for that essay assignment
    and learn about how the SAT essay will be scored.

32
Scoring thePSAT/NMSQT
33
How is the PSAT/NMSQT scored?
  • Multiple-choice questions 1 point for each
    correct 1/4 point deducted for each incorrect
  • Math grid-ins 1 point for each correct 0 points
    for each incorrect (nothing deducted)
  • 0 points for omitted questions (nothing added,
    nothing deducted)

34
How is the PSAT/NMSQT scored?
  • Scores are reported on a scale of 2080 for each
    section critical reading, math, and writing
    skills.
  • For eleventh graders, 4750 is about average for
    tenth graders, 4346 is about average for ninth
    graders, average is about 38-42 .

35
How does a PSAT/NMSQT score compare to an SAT
score?
  • Some students add a 0 to the two-digit
    PSAT/NMSQT score to give a rough estimate of a
    three-digit SAT score.
  • A more reliable SAT projected score range will be
    included in your online SAT study plan.
  • SAT writing score approximately 1/3 essay
    scaled score 2/3 multiple-choice score.
  • Students who have taken the PSAT/NMSQT average
    higher scores on the SAT than those who have not.

36
Personalized Skills Information
The PSAT/NMSQT Score Report contains information
to help students improve their academic skills.
  • Lists those skills that have the best chance of
    improvement with additional work.
  • Includes advice, written by teachers, on how to
    improve those skills.

37
Getting ready to take the PSAT/NMSQT
  • Long-term and short-term preparation

38
Long-Term Test PreparationDeveloping Skills
  • Students should READ
  • improve vocabulary and develop essential skills
    through continuous reading
  • read more books than just those required for
    class

39
Long-Term Test PreparationDeveloping Skills
(continued)
  • Students should
  • exercise, develop, and strengthen critical
    thinking, higher-order reasoning, and
    problem-solving abilities by taking the most
    challenging courses that they can

40
Short-term Test Preparation
  • Students should
  • Take the full-length Practice Test in the
    Official Student Guide and get comfortable with
    the test format. Take time to score it, to
    better understand the scoring process.
  • Visit www.collegeboard.com/psat for additional
    practice test questions
  • Sign up to receive the SAT Question of the Day at
    www.collegeboard.com (free)
  • Understand formula scoring and educated
    guessing
  • Become familiar with the types of test questions,
    the test directions, and test format

41
Test-Readiness Strategies
  • When students sit down to take the test, they
    should
  • Read all the directions
  • Read all the answer choices
  • Do scratch work in the test book
  • Work steadily
  • If students skip a question, they should be sure
    to note it in the test book, and leave it blank
    on the answer sheet then return to it if there
    is time.
  • Remember students dont have to answer every
    question to score well

42
Be sure to take the Practice Test in the 2006
Official Student Guide
43
Test-readiness Strategies
  • In most sections, the questions are arranged from
    easy to more difficult (except for passage-based
    reading in critical reading section and improving
    paragraphs in writing skills section)
  • Wild guessing is discouraged, but students should
    make educated guesses when answer choices can be
    eliminated.

44
Wild Guessing
45
Educated Guessing
46
Answer Key
47
To learn morevisit www.collegeboard.com
48
To learn morevisit www.collegeboard.com
Create your free online account to access all the
college planning resources and tools available to
students.
49
Take the PSAT/NMSQT
  • How to sign up __________________________________
    __
  • (Be sure to pick up the Official Student Guide
    with Practice Test.)
  • Test Day/Date ___________________________________
    _
  • Time ___________________________________________
    _
  • Where ___________________________________________
  • Bring
  • Two 2 Pencils
  • Calculator
  • Social Security Number (optional)
  • E-mail Address (optional, but encouraged)
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