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INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT FOR FINANCE, INFRASTRUCTURE AND MARKETING OF POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT PRODUCTS

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Next End Value addition to food products has assumed vital importance in our country due to diversity in socio-economic conditions, industrial growth, urbanization ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT FOR FINANCE, INFRASTRUCTURE AND MARKETING OF POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT PRODUCTS


1
Institutional support for finance, infrastructure
and marketing of post harvest management products
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POST HARVEST TECHNOLOGY- IMPORTANCE AND ROLE
Introduction
  • Value addition to food products has assumed vital
    importance in our country due to diversity in
    socio-economic conditions, industrial growth,
    urbanization and globalization.
  • Importance of Post-harvest technology lies in the
    fact that it has the capability to meet food
    requirement of growing population by eliminating
    losses making more nutritive food items from raw
    commodities by proper processing and
    fortification.
  • India, where 80 percent people live in the
    villages and 70 percent of them depend on
    agriculture has experienced that the process of
    industrialization has shifted the food, feed and
    fiber industries to urban areas.

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Institutional Financial assistance
  • General conditions for Post Harvest
    Management/Post Primary Projects
  • Primary Processing and Post-Harvest Management
    related projects shall be implemented either as
    on-farm projects linked with individual projects
    of area expansion of commercial horticulture or
    as a common facility for cluster of new projects
    of commercial horticulture and existing orchards
    / farms.

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Contd.
  • Benefit of exclusive components of cold
    storage scheme shall also be available to the
    promoters over and above the assistance that will
    be provided under Commercial Horticulture Scheme
  • Projects relating to setting up of new production
    units shall be technically and financially
    appraised to ensure and enable entrepreneur to
    incorporate latest available technology
  • Projects under this scheme component may be
    integrated as part of new Production Related
    projects or in integration with existing
    Production.

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POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT
S.NO Programme Estimate cost Proposed assistance
1. Pack houses Rs. 2.50 lakh/unit Credit linked back-ended subsidy _at_ 25 of the capital cost of project in general area and 33.33 in case of Hilly tribal Areas. 
 2. Cold storage units Rs. 2.00 crore/unit -do-
 3. C.A Storage Rs. 16.00 crore/unit -do-
  Ref. vans / containers Rs. 24.00 lakh/unit -do-
 4. Mobile Processing Units Rs. 24.00 lakh/unit -do-
 5. Market Intelligence Project based Project based
 6. Buy back intervention Project based Project based
Contd.
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Contd.
POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT
 7. Establishment of Marketing Infrastructure for horticultural produce in Govt./ Private/ Cooperative sector   Credit linked back-ended subsidy _at_ 25 of the capital cost of project in general case and 33.33 in the case of hilly and backward area.
  a) Wholesale markets upto Rs. 100.00 crores -do-
  b) Rural Markets/Apni Mandis/ Direct Markets Rs. 15.00 lakh -do-
  c) Functional Infrastructure for collection, grading etc. Rs. 15.00 lakh -do-
  d) Extension, quality awareness and market led extension activities for fresh processed products Project based 100 assistance
  Processing Value Addition   The MFPI will sanction projects on food processing out of their budget provision.
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Infrastructure Developmental Programs A project
on strengthening the postharvest infrastructure
for horticultural crops was initiated by the
National Horticulture Board in 198889.
This project provided assistance in the
establishment of grading/packing centers, retail
outlets, cool stores, the procurement of plastic
crates and transport vehicles.
Facilities were also provided to provide access
to market information, for the production of
fruit juice/fruit based beverages.
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9
  • Postharvest Management Practices For Improving
    Marketing
  • Controlled/Modified Atmospheric Storage/Packaging
  • Containerization
  • Cold/Cool Chain
  • Freeze Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables

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Controlled/Modified Atmospheric Storage/Packaging
  • Modified atmosphere (MA) storage essentially
    involves changing the normal atmospheric gas
    composition around a fruit or vegetable..
  • In situations where this environmental change is
    strictly controlled with certain specific gaseous
    concentrations of N2 CO2 and O2, it is termed
    controlled atmosphere (CA).
  • Modification of the atmospheric environment for
    the packaging and storage of fresh horticultural
    commodities, involves either a reduction in O2
    levels or an elevation of CO2 concentrations.
  • Beneficial effects of CA and MA treatments
    include the retardation of ripening, senescence
    and physiological changes as well as the
    reduction of chilling injury.

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Containerization
Although containerization was recently
introduced into India, little use is made of
containers for the national distribution of fresh
horticultural produce. Potential, however,
exists for the design of low-cost containers
which employ ventilation and evaporative cooling.
Cold/Cool Chain The cold chain has
contributed tremendously to trade in fruits,
vegetables and flowers in developed countries.
Maintenance of low temperatures at different
stages through the cold chain, results in the
reduction of losses and retention of the quality
of horticultural produce.
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  • Freeze Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables
  • While conventionally dried fruits and vegetables
    lose their structural integrity and exhibit poor
    rehydration characteristics, freeze-dried or
    dehydrated fruits and vegetables retain their
    nascent texture and color and reconstitute fairly
    rapidly even in cold water owing to their porous
    structures.
  • Freeze dehydration can be thought of as an up
    scaling on lyophilization, a technique which is
    widely used in pharmaceutical and
    biotechnological applications to dehydrate and
    thereby conserve and preserve certain
    pharmacological and biological materials.

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  • Safety In The Postharvest Management Of Fruits
    And Vegetables
  • 1) Regulation of specifications for
    foods, and
  • 2) Regulation of hygienic conditions of
    processing and/or manufacturing.
  • Some of these food safety regulations are
    mandatory while others are voluntary
  • a) The Prevention of Food Adulteration Act
    (PFA) implemented by the Ministry of Health,
    outlines specifications for various food products
    and is mandatory.
  • b) The Agriculture Produce (Grading
    Marking) Act implemented by the Ministry of Rural
    Development is voluntary. This particular act set
    forth the specifications for various agricultural
    commodities including some processed foods.

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Contd.
  • c) The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the
    largest body responsible for the creation of
    standards for various food products. BIS
    standards are voluntary.
  • d) A number of quality control orders have been
    issued under the essential Commodities Act. These
    include the Food Product Order (FPO), Milk and
    Milk Products Order (MMPO).

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Centralization and Jurisdiction of Local Agencies
A number of food analysts and food inspectors
in India are mandated to assist consumers with
food poisoning or food contamination
concerns. Food Inspectors collect samples for
analysis by the public analyst and the local
(health) authority (LHA). In situations where
food samples are adulterated, the vendor,
manufacturer, distributor, or business is
prosecuted by the LHA.
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Let us sum up
  • India has a good resource base, adequate
    research and development infrastructure and
    excellence in several areas of horticultural
    interest.
  • The demand for horticultural produce in India is
    on the rise, owing to increasing populations,
    changing food habits, the nutritional value of
    horticultural crops and a greater emphasis on
    postharvest management, processing and value
    addition.
  • Advantages of growth can be harnessed with well
    planned strategies, so as to ensure a positive
    future outlook.
  • Food safety is of growing importance in food
    production, processing and marketing.
  • Investment in food safety, while assuring
    risk-free ventures related to horticulture, will
    increase the cost of fresh produce and the
    processing of fruits and vegetables.
  • Efforts geared toward improving production
    technologies for fruits and vegetables will
    become meaningful only if the effective
    postharvest technology is developed and wastage
    is reduced.

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