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Objectives for Goal 2: Expansion and Reform

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Objectives for Goal 2: Expansion and Reform 2.01: Analyze the effects of territorial expansion and the admission of new states to the Union 1801 to 1850 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Objectives for Goal 2: Expansion and Reform


1
Objectives for Goal 2 Expansion and Reform
  • 2.01 Analyze the effects of territorial
    expansion and the admission of new states to the
    Union 1801 to 1850
  • 2.02 Describe how the growth of nationalism and
    sectionalism were reflected in art, literature,
    and language
  • 2.03 Distinguish between the economic and social
    issues that led to sectionalism and nationalism
  • 2.04 Assess political events, issues, and
    personalities that contributed to sectionalism
    and nationalism
  • 2.05 Identify major reform movements and
    evaluate their effectiveness
  • 2.06 Evaluate the role of religion in the debate
    over slavery and other social movement issues.

2
What is Nationalism?
  • After the War of 1812, the memories of the
    American Revolution faded, including memories of
    what it had been like to be 13 individual
    colonies.
  • Americans began thinking of themselves as one
    United country of states.

3
Websters 1828 Dictionary
  • His book contained 70,000 words, of which 12,000
    had never appeared in a published dictionary
    before. As a spelling reformer, Webster believed
    that British spelling rules were unnecessarily
    complex, so his dictionary introduced American
    English spellings, replacing "colour" with
    "color", substituting "wagon" for "waggon", and
    printing "center" instead of "centre". He also
    added new American words.
  • What was the greatest impact this publication had
    on America?

4
Examples of Nationalism
  • Pres. James Monroe Era of Good Feelings
    (1818-1824)
  • Henry Clays American System
  • Monroe Doctrine

5
Monroe Doctrine
  • as a principle in which the rights and
    interests of the United States are involved, that
    the American continents, by the free and
    independent condition which they have assumed and
    maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as
    subjects for future colonization by any European
    powers. Pres. James Monroe
  • What does this mean?

6
How did the following issues create
sectionalism in the United States?
  • Re-chartering of the National Bank
  • Tariffs
  • Settlers moving West
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Slavery

7
How did the following issues create
sectionalism in the United States?
  • Re-chartering of the National Bank
  • Created by ________________ in 1790 to help the
    nation be responsible with its finances
  • The banks charter expired in 1811 and state run
    banks begin popping up all over the U.S.
  • In 1816, the bank was re-chartered with corrupt
    and irresponsible management.
  • ________ of 1819 resulted in hatred between the
    _______ and ________ .

8
How did the following issues create
sectionalism in the United States?
  • Tariffs
  • As tariffs during the War of 1812 ________,
    Congress voted to keep them at those levels.
  • Tariffs benefited most Americans in 2 ways
  • ______________________
  • ______________________
  • This eventually created sectionalism between the
    _____________ and the _________________.

9
How did the following issues create
sectionalism in the United States?
  • Settlers moving West
  • We will keep out nobody. Arrivals will suffer no
    disadvantages as aliens. But they can expect no
    advantages either. John Quincy Adams
  • 1820 Congress decreased cost of buying land in
    the West
  • The West supported this move, but the North and
    East disliked this because _______________________
    _____________.

10
How did the following issues create
sectionalism in the United States?
  • Industrial Revolution
  • __ out of 10 Americans were farmers up until
    the War of 1812.
  • War stopped trade of manufactured good from
    Europe, therefore there was a boom in products
    Made in the USA.
  • Inventions! Inventions!
  • Interchangeable parts
  • Erie Canal
  • Steam power
  • Sewing machine
  • Morse code

11
Erie Canal
12
How did the following issues create
sectionalism in the United States?
  • Slavery
  • How did these inventions increase slavery?
  • Cotton Gin
  • Sugar cultivation
  • Steel plow
  • In 1800, an average slave cost 50, by 1850, the
    cost was more than _______.
  • In 1800, there were 900,000 slaves, by 1860,
    there were nearly ____________.
  • How did the ________ and the ________ each view
    slavery?

13
Justifying Slavery
  • Slaves were encouraged to be devout Christians,
    but the Christian message they received from
    planters and ministers was to be docile and
    submissive. It was Gods will that they spent
    their lives as slaves and sermons capitalized on
    such themes as obeying the master.
  • What religious movement changed this later?
  • _________________________________________

14
Primary Source Slave Codes
  • Virginia "If any slave resists his
    master...correcting such a slave, and shall
    happen to be killed in such correction...the
    master shall be free of all punishment...as if
    such accident never happened."
  • South Carolina .... Every slave hereafter out
    of his master's plantation, without a ticket, or
    leave in writing, from his master...shall be
    whipped...."
  • Louisiana - "The slave who, having struck his
    master, his mistress, or the husband of his
    mistress, or their children, shall have produced
    a bruise, or the shedding of blood in the face,
    shall suffer capital punishment."

15
What was the Missouri Compromise?
  • 1819 Missouri petitioned for statehood.
  • America now had ____ free states and ____ slave
    states.
  • The compromise settled the issue in 2 ways
  • ________________________
  • ________________________

16
(No Transcript)
17
Exit Ticket Question
  • Write North, South or West on your index card in
    response to each question below
  • Which region favored the National Bank of the US?
  • Which region became too dependent on only one
    product for trade?
  • Which region opposed tariffs?
  • Which region was happy that Congress lowered the
    price of land per acre?
  • Which region primarily based its economy and
    factories and manufacturing?

18
  1. Define nationalism
  2. In addition to a good economy, what is one other
    factor that usually helps countries feel united
    and nationalistic?
  3. In addition to re-chartering the National Bank,
    what did Henry Clay want to fund with federal
    money for his American System?
  4. The Monroe Doctrine warned who to stay out of
    the Americas.
  5. The Panic of 1819 created sectionalism between
    which two regions of the country?
  6. What was one way Tariffs benefited some
    Americans?
  7. What state benefited most from the building of
    the Erie Canal?
  8. What invention by Eli Whitney helped to make
    slavery a prosperous industry?
  9. Slavery created sectionalism between which two
    regions?
  10. Name the 2 components of the Missouri
    Compromise that tried to settle the issue of
    slavery in the United States.

19
Bell Ringer
  • Write your name on the index card
  • Number from 1 10 (leave some space for short
    answer questions)
  • On the back of the card, write the following
  • Education will give me the power to.
  • Take out your notes from yesterday and WAIT for
    further instructions!

20
Objectives for Goal 2 Expansion and Reform
  • 2.01 Analyze the effects of territorial
    expansion and the admission of new states to the
    Union 1801 to 1850
  • 2.02 Describe how the growth of nationalism and
    sectionalism were reflected in art, literature,
    and language
  • 2.03 Distinguish between the economic and social
    issues that led to sectionalism and nationalism
  • 2.04 Assess political events, issues, and
    personalities that contributed to sectionalism
    and nationalism
  • 2.05 Identify major reform movements and
    evaluate their effectiveness
  • 2.06 Evaluate the role of religion in the debate
    over slavery and other social movement issues.

21
Manifest Destiny
  • What was the moral justification behind Manifest
    Destiny?
  • How did Americans attitude about Manifest
    Destiny affect Native Americans?

22
____________ River School Art
What would be some results of Americans viewing
this new type of art? (also see page 113)
23
Art and Literature During Expansion Period
  • Transcendentalism
  • A new way to look at humanity and nature and God.
  • They believed people could go beyond, or
    ____________, their senses to learn about the
    world.
  • Believing should listen to their __________
    instead of religious teachings to learn about the
    world.

24
Art and Literature During Expansion Period
  • Transcendentalism
  • ____________________ was the leading
    Transcendentalist of his time.
  • Henry David Thoreau wrote his famous work
    ___________________ after being jailed for not
    paying taxes to support war, which later affected
    Civil Rights leaders in the 1960s.
  • people must be true to his or her own
    conscience, even if it means breaking the law.

25
Winning Texas
  • Mexico wins its independence from ______ in 1821.
  • Who was Stephen F. Austin?
  • Who were Texians?

26
Winning Texas
  • Who was Santa Anna and what did he do in 1835?
  • What happened at the Alamo?

27
Winning Texas
  • What happened at the Battle of San Jacinto?
  • Why did it take so long for Texas to join the
    United States?

28
Cornell Notes Jacksons Bank War
  • 1819 What happened in McCullough vs. Maryland?
  • 1832 What starts Jacksons Bank War? What was
    The Monster?
  • 1833 What were pet banks?
  • 1837 What happens to the Second National Bank
    and the pet banks?

29
James Polk 1844 Campaign
  • Secured the Oregon Territory (54 40 or Fight!)
  • Purchased half a million square miles of land in
    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (end of
    Mexican-American War)
  • Founded the Smithsonian Institute (increase and
    diffusion of knowledge about American)
  • Based on Polks actions as President, what could
    a summary of this Presidency be?

30
Manifest Destiny!
  • 1819 From who did we get Florida Territory?
  • 1820-1840 What state were Indians removed to in
    forced marches?
  • 1846-1848 Why did the Mexican War start?
  • 1848 What two major states were given the United
    States after the Mexican War in what is known as
    Mexican Cession?
  • 1853 What was the result of the Gadsden
    Purchase?
  • 1845 What was the last slave state to be
    admitted to the Union?
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