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Environmental Education

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Title: Last modified by: tyh Created Date: 7/21/2001 4:56:43 PM Document presentation format: Other titles: Times New Roman ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental Education


1
Environmental Education
  • Sustainable Development

2
Content
  • Definition of sustainable development
  • Importance of sustainable development
  • Sustainable development in Hong Kong

3
Definition of Sustainable Development
  • The concept of Sustainability originates from
    ecology
  • Resources Management Strategy
  • resources would be replenished enough to
    compensate for the harvesting
  • Development that meets the needs of the present
    without compromising the ability of future
    generations to meet their own needs
  • Two main parts
  • Reflection and negation of traditional
    development approaches
  • Establishment of the model of sustainable
    development

4
Importance of Sustainable Development 1
  • Environmental
  • Economic
  • Social
  • Cultural
  • Political

5
Importance of Sustainable Development 2
  • Proposition and recognition of the theory of
    sustainable development
  • World Conservation Strategy
  • Global Agenda for Change
  • Our Common Future
  • Agenda 21
  • Carrying capacity of the environment
  • The population and economy that a certain set of
    resources can support at a given time
  • Two basic viewpoints
  • the need for development of the human society
  • development should be limited that would not
    threaten the development of the next generation.

6
Sustainable Development should be able to
  • Establish a sustainable society
  • Respect and conserve community life
  • Improve the quality of life of human
  • Maintain the vitality and diversity on the earth
  • Be within the carrying capacity of the
    environment
  • Alter the attitudes and lifestyles of individuals
  • Arouse the concern for environment of the
    community among citizens
  • Establish a national network that can reconcile
    development with protection
  • Establish a global alliance

7
Problems faced by Hong Kong
  • Hong Kong is confronted with the challenges of
    the development process with
  • Increasing population has caused housing become
    scarcer and overcrowding could become more
    common.
  • Increasing domestic demand in transport
    infrastructure as well as regional trade
  • Litter and other types of pollution reduce the
    attractiveness of our coastline as well as other
    region to tourists and residents. They can also
    endanger animal and human health.

8
Impact on Sustainable Development in Hong Kong
from the Development of the Pearl River Delta
Region
  • Pearl River Delta Region continues to grow and
    its co-dependency with Hong Kong increases
  • supply of water and food and their quality will
    be threatened
  • issues with cross-boundary pollution
  • a series of problems introduced by social
    integration and the provision of infrastructure
  • Growth for the Pearl River Delta Region slows
    down and its co-dependency with Hong Kong
    decrease
  • There will be less social and environmental
    impact on Hong Kong.
  • There will be no positive influence to the
    economy of Hong Kong.

9
The Definition of Sustainable Development For
Hong Kong
  • Sustainable Development in Hong Kong balances
    social, economic, environmental and resource
    needs, both for present and future generations,
    simultaneously achieving a vibrant economy,
    social progress and a high quality environment,
    locally, nationally and internationally, through
    the efforts of the community and the Government.

10
The Importance of Sustainable Development to Hong
Kong
  • In the Hong Kong context, the benefits of
    increased sustainability include
  • reduced wastage thereby providing economic
    benefits
  • improved health and reduced economic burden on
    health care
  • more efficient land use and improved amenity from
    natural and open areas
  • greater competitive advantage as Hong Kong's
    regional and international image as a clean, safe
    and sophisticated world city is enhanced and
  • greater community ownership of quality of life
    issues.

11
Sustainable Development in Hong Kong
  • Society
  • Economy
  • Environment

Balance
12
What have been done for sustainable development
in Hong Kong?
  • Study on Sustainable Development for the 21st
    Century
  • Hong Kong 2030 Planning Vision and Strategy
  • Legislation and Regulation
  • Programs and Services
  • Cross-border cooperation
  • Elevate the environmental awareness among
    citizens

13
Study on Sustainable Development for the 21st
Century
  • Commenced in September, 1997, lasted for 30
    months
  • Laying down the definition of sustainable
    development for Hong Kong
  • Work out the thresholds, guidelines indexes
    that would bring these goals into reality
  • Propose benchmarks mechanisms to ensure that
    considerations for sustainability would be taken
    into account during policy planning decision
    making
  • Indexes being used in the study
  • Economy, Health and Hygiene, Natural Resources,
    Society and Social Infrastructure, Biodiversity,
    Leisure and Cultural Vibrancy, Environmental
    Quality, Mobility

14
Hong Kong 2030 Planning Vision and Strategy
  • The planning department is formulating a new
    planning framework
  • Hong Kong resident will have an opportunity to
    participate in determining this city's land use,
    transport features and environment for the next
    30 years.
  • Divided into four stages which link to the four
    key stages of the study
  • Stage I identifying planning objectives and key
    issues
  • Stage II examining the key issues and
    evaluative criteria
  • Stage III formulating scenarios and options
  • Stage IV formulating development strategies ad
    response plans.

15
Planning Objectives of Hong Kong 2030
  • Adhering to the principle of sustainable
    development to balance social, economic and
    environmental needs for present and future
    generations.
  • Providing a good quality living environment
  • Meeting housing and community needs by providing
    adequate land and infrastructure for the
    development of housing and community facilities.
  • Providing a framework to develop a safe,
    efficient, economically variable, and
    environmentally friendly transport system.
  • Promoting tourism to ensure Hong Kong will
    continue to be the major tourist destination in
    the Asia-Pacific region.
  • Strengthening links with the Mainland to cope
    with the rapid growth of cross-boundary
    interactions.

16
Key Study Areas in Hong Kong 2030
  • International Town Planning Experiences
  • Population Forecasts and Its Implication on
    Housing and Employment
  • New Development Opportunities
  • Requirements of Port and Other Major
    Infrastructure Facilities
  • Environmental Considerations and Conservation
  • Improving Links with the Mainland
  • Potential for Tourism, Recreation and Cultural
    Development
  • Implications for Information Technology
    Development 

17
Legislation and Regulation 1
  • Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance
  • Regulating Pollution
  • Environmental Monitoring and Investigations

18
Programs Services
  • Waste Reduction Framework Plan
  • Strategic Sewage Disposal Scheme
  • Trial of Liquefied Petroleum Gas Taxis
  • Air Pollution Index

19
Cross-border cooperation
  • Cooperation by HK, Guangdong Macau, join hands
    to work out planning, environmental protection
    policy, to achieve sustainable development
  • In 1990 the Hong Kong-Guangdong Environmental
    Protection Liaison Group was established to see
    how the two administrations could work together
    to understand and control regional pollution.

Officials from the SAR Guangdong Province are
exchanging information
20
Elevate the environmental awareness among citizens
  • Organizing many different environmental education
    campaigns
  • Putting green elements in the school curriculum
    for environmental education
  • Try its efforts to be an environmental-friendly
    government
  • Encourage environmental audit and management in
    the private sectors

21
How can we be involved?
  • Be a "green" consumer
  • Be an "energy-efficient" user and a "friend" of
    the environment
  • Be a "contributor" to health and social welfare
  • Be an "asset" to our economy

22
Discussion
  • What are the factors do you think that will have
    great effects to the promotion of the
    sustainable development in HK ?
  • Can you list some examples of species which are
    being threatened by the development of economies
    or towns in HK ?
  • Why these kind of development will affect the
    environment of ecology ?

23
Relevant Websites
  • Environmental Department (http//www.info.gov.hk/e
    pd)
  • Hong Kong Bird Watching Society
    (http//www.hkbws.org.hk)
  • KowloonCanton Railway Corporation Lok Ma Chau
    Spur Line (http//www.kcrc.com/chi/service/erxsstl
    mc.html)
  • Ming Pao Fate of Long Valley (http//www.mingpaon
    ews.com/longvalley/index.htm)
  • Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance
  • (http//www.info.gov.hk/epd/eia/chi/index_content.
    htm)
  • The Planning and Lands Bureau (http//www.plb.gov.
    hk/index.htm)
  • Planning Department (http//www.info.gov.hk/planni
    ng/index.htm)
  • Planning Department-Hong Kong 2030 Planning
    Vision and Strategy (http//www.info.gov.hk/hk2030
    /index.htm)
  • Town Planning Board (http//www.info.gov.hk/tpb/ )
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