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Learning Theories and Adult Education/Training Programs

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Learning Theories and Adult Education/Training Programs By: Gloria Aguilar Learning theories involved: Behaviorism & Cognitivism ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Learning Theories and Adult Education/Training Programs


1
Learning Theories and Adult Education/Training
Programs
  • By Gloria Aguilar

2
Learning theories involved
  • Behaviorism
  • Cognitivism

3
Definition for behaviorism
  • From a behaviorist prospective, the human mind
    is malleable, capable of being shaped and formed
    into producing desired responses and behavior if
    specific conditioning and circumstances are
    accounted for and controlled(Brown Green,
    2006, p. 36)

4
Definition for cognitivism
  • From a cognitivist perspective, learning is a
    change in mental representations and associations
    brought about by experiences Like a computer,
    the mind processes information through a series
    of procedures that work together as a complete
    system(Brown Green, 2006, pg. 36, 37, 50).

5
Evaluating the applicability of each theory for
the selected adult education environment.
  • Referring to the behaviorism theory, Green
    Brown (2006) stated learners learn by doing,
    experiencing and engaging in repeated trial and
    error (p. 49-50). Ex. Learning how to drive a
    vehicle engage participant into active roles
    which expand their previous knowledge.

6
Evaluating cognitivism
  • Stated in The Essentials of Instructional
    Design (2006), as individuals engage in the
    learning process, they actively choose, practice,
    pay attention, ignore, reflect, and make many
    other decisions as they pursue goals (p.50-51).
    Ex. Individuals taking an algebra test.

7
Selected learning theories impact
teaching/training by conducting selected studies.
  • The Effects of Listening While Reading and
    Repeated Reading on the Reading Fluency of Adult
    Learners is an example of a study where adult
    basic education instructors across the United
    States were conditioned using learning theories
    to enhance their deficit reading skills.

8
Conclusion
  • Behaviorism and cognitivism two remarkable
    learning theories that have been persistent in
    the world of education and instructional
    designers helping individuals understand how
    people think , and, in turn, how people learn
    (Green Brown, 2006, p.35).

9
References
  • Bjork, Daniel W.(1993). B.F. Skinner A Life.
    New York, NY Basic Books, A division of
    HarperCollins Publishers, Inc.
  • Brown, Abbie, Green Timothy D. (2006). The
    Essential of Instructional Design Connecting
    Fundamental Principles with Process and
    Practice. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey
    Pearson Education Inc.
  • Crumrine, B. M., Irwin, M. E., Honzaki, E.,
    Soifer, R., Simmons, B. K., Young, D. L.
    (1990). The Complete Theory-To-Practice
    Handbook of Adult Literacy Curriculum Design
    and Teaching Approaches. New York, NY
    Teachers College Press.

10
Cont..
  • Hale, Andrea D., Oliver, Renee, Skinner,
    Christopher H., Winn, Beth D, Ziegler, Mary.
    (2006). The effects of listening while reading
    and repeated reading on the reading fluency of
    adult learners. Journal of Adolescent Adult
    Literacy , 50 (3). Retrieved February 23, 2009
    from EBSCOhost database.
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