SS8H3a Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the American Revolution and their impact on Georgia; include the French and Indian War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration of Independence. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SS8H3a Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the American Revolution and their impact on Georgia; include the French and Indian War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration of Independence.

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Title: SS8H3a Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the American Revolution and their impact on Georgia; include the French and Indian War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration of Independence.


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SS8H3aExplain the immediate and long-term
causes of the American Revolution and their
impact on Georgia include the French and Indian
War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763,
Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration
of Independence.
  • Concepts
  • Individuals Groups Institutions
  • Governance
  • Conflict and Change
  • Rule of Law

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The student will understand that when there is
conflict between or within societies, change is
the result.What are some reasons for wars being
fought? What was the French Indian War and
why was it a cause of the American Revolution?
  • CONFLICT CHANGE

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AMERICAN REVOLUTION
  • PAGE 21 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H3a
  • ESSENTIAL QUESTION
  • What was the French and Indian War, and how was
    it a cause of the American Revolution?

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SS8H3aExplain the immediate and long-term
causes of the American Revolution and their
impact on Georgia include the French and Indian
War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763,
Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration
of Independence.
  • Concepts
  • Individuals Groups Institutions
  • Governance
  • Conflict and Change
  • Rule of Law

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FRENCH INDIAN WAR1754-1763
  • CAUSE
  • ENGLAND AND FRANCE WANTED TO CONTROL THE SAME
    LAND THAT WAS WEST OF THE APPALACHIAN MTNs AND
    EAST OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER
  • FRANCE HAD INDIAN ALLIES THAT THEY TRADED WITH
  • ENGLAND HAS COLONISTS WHO WANTED TO SETTLE THE
    OHIO RIVER VALLEY
  • EFFECT (CHANGE)
  • ENGLISH WON THE WAR
  • COLONIES EXPANDED THEIR BOUNDARIES WESTWARD
    (GEORGIA BOUNDARY BECAME THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER
  • ENGLAND ACQUIRED FLORIDA FROM SPAIN
  • BRITISH GOVT BEGAN TAXING THE COLONISTS TO HELP
    PAY FOR THE WAR THIS BECAME THE 1ST CAUSE OF
    THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

CONFLICT and CHANGE
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AMERICAN REVOLUTION
  • PAGE 22 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H3a
  • ESSENTIAL QUESTION
  • What was the
  • Proclamation of 1763?

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PROCLAMATION OF 1763
Source Georgia in the American Experience
Textbook
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  • PROCLAMATION
  • OF 1763
  • Violent incidents such as Pontiac's Rebellion
    prompted the English crown to attempt to mandate
    an end to encroachments on territory promised to
    the Indians.
  • Settlers were not to establish themselves west of
    the Proclamation Line.
  • The effort was unsuccessful and is viewed by many
    to be a leading cause of the Revolutionary War.

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SS8H3aExplain the immediate and long-term
causes of the American Revolution and their
impact on Georgia include the French and Indian
War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763,
Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration
of Independence.
  • Concepts
  • Individuals Groups Institutions
  • Governance
  • Conflict and Change
  • Rule of Law

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The student will understand that in a
democracy, rule of law influences the behavior of
citizens, establishes procedures for making
policies, and limits the power of
government.What are some rules in each of your
classes? What are some policies in your student
agenda? What part of the constitution limits the
power of government?What were some laws that
the colonists protested?
  • RULE of LAW

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AMERICAN REVOLUTION
  • PAGE 23 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H3a
  • ESSENTIAL QUESTION
  • How did the Stamp Act and Intolerable Acts cause
    the American Revolution?

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STAMP ACT - 1765
  • Definition First direct British tax on American
    colonists. Every newspaper, pamphlet, and other
    public and legal document had to have a Stamp, or
    British seal, on it. The Stamp, of course, cost
    money. The colonists didn't think they should
    have to pay for something they had been doing for
    free for many years, and they responded in force,
    with demonstrations and even with a diplomatic
    body called the Stamp Act Congress, which
    delivered its answer to the Crown. Seeing the
    hostile reaction in the colonies, the British
    government repealed the Stamp Act in March 1766
    but at the same time passed the Declaratory Act,
    which said that Great Britain was superior (and
    boss of) the American colonies "in all cases
    whatsoever." The Stamp Act gave the colonists a
    target for their rage. Indeed, the Sons of
    Liberty was formed in response to this Act. The
    Stamp Act Congress also gave the colonists a
    model for the Continental Congress.
  • - SocialStudiesForKids.com

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This cartoon depicts the repeal of the Stamp Act
as a funeral, with Grenville carrying a child's
coffin marked "born 1765, died 1766". -
wikipedia.com
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INTOLERABLE ACTS
  • To bring the colonies under control, Britains
    Parliament passed several acts
  • 1. closing of Boston Harbor until damages from
    Boston Tea Party were paid for
  • 2. outlawing patriot groups such as the Sons of
    Liberty and allowing colonists to assemble for
    only one town meeting a year.
  • 3. British troops in colonies who committed a
    crime were tried back in British courts, not
    colonial courts
  • 4. Quartering Act house and feed British
    soldiers

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SS8H3aExplain the immediate and long-term
causes of the American Revolution and their
impact on Georgia include the French and Indian
War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763,
Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration
of Independence.
  • Concepts
  • Individuals Groups Institutions
  • Governance
  • Conflict and Change
  • Rule of Law

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AMERICAN REVOLUTION
  • PAGE 24 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H3a
  • ESSENTIAL QUESTION
  • What role did the Declaration of Independence
    play in the American Revolution?

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DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
  • The Declaration of Independence was a formal
    document that was written to officially announce
    the colonies' break from Great Britain.

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AMERICAN REVOLUTION
  • PAGE 24 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H3b
  • ESSENTIAL QUESTION
  • What role did Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and
    George Walton play in the American Revolution?

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Button GwinnettBorn England, about 1735Died
Savannah, May 19, 1777 Signed Declaration of
Independence, governor
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Lyman HallBorn Wallingford, Connecticut, April
12,1724Burke County, Ga. October 19, 1790 Signed
the Declaration of Independence, governor,
physician
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George WaltonBorn Farmville, Virginia, about
1749Died February 2, 1804, Augusta,
Georgia Signed the Declaration of Independence,
U.S. Senator, governor
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Button Gwinnett, George Walton, and Lyman Hall
were the three Georgia signers of the Declaration
of Independence.
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SS8H3bAnalyze the significance of people
and events in Georgia on the Revolutionary War
include Loyalists, patriots, Elijah Clarke,
Austin Dabney, Nancy Hart, Button Gwinnett, Lyman
Hall, George Walton, Battle of Kettle Creek, and
siege of Savannah.
  • Concepts
  • Individuals Groups Institutions
  • Conflict and Change

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The student will understand that the actions of
Individuals, Groups, and Institutions affect
society through intended and unintended
consequences.What are some political groups in
America? What are some religious groups in the
world?What was the difference between the
Loyalists and Patriots in Georgia? What roles
did Nancy Hart, Austin Dabney, and Elijah Clarke
play in the American Revolution?
  • Individuals Groups - Institutions

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AMERICAN REVOLUTION
  • PAGE 25 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H3b
  • ESSENTIAL QUESTION
  • Whats the difference between a LOYALIST and a
    PATRIOT?

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American Revolution Groups
  • LOYALISTS
  • Though Georgians opposed British trade
    regulations, many hesitated to join the
    revolutionary movement that emerged in the
    American colonies in the early 1770s and resulted
    in the Revolutionary War (1775-83). The colony
    had prospered under royal rule, and many
    Georgians thought that they needed the protection
    of British troops against a possible Indian
    attack.
  • - New Georgia Encyclopedia
  • PATRIOTS
  • Colonists who opposed British rule and wanted to
    break away and form their own country. These
    colonists were angered over the many ACTS (rules
    and taxes) that they were forced to pay,
    especially since they had no voice in government
    (Parliament). The slogan no taxation without
    representation was what they rallied behind.
    The Patriots would eventually fight the British
    in the American Revolutionary War.

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SS8H3bAnalyze the significance of people
and events in Georgia on the Revolutionary War
include Loyalists, patriots, Elijah Clarke,
Austin Dabney, Nancy Hart, Button Gwinnett, Lyman
Hall, George Walton, Battle of Kettle Creek, and
siege of Savannah.
  • Concepts
  • Individuals Groups Institutions
  • Conflict and Change

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AMERICAN REVOLUTION
  • PAGE 26 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H3b
  • ESSENTIAL QUESTION
  • What role did Nancy Hart, Austin Dabney, and
    Elijah Clarke play in the American Revolution?

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Nancy Hart Revolutionary Heroine
Georgia's most acclaimed female participant
during the Revolutionary War (1775-83) was Nancy
Hart. A devout patriot, Hart gained notoriety
during the revolution for her determined efforts
to rid the area of Tories, English soldiers, and
British sympathizers. Her single-handed efforts
against Tories and Indians in the Broad River
frontier, as well as her covert activities as a
patriot spy, have become the stuff of myth,
legend, and local folklore. - New Georgia
Encyclopedia
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BATTLE OF KETTLE CREEK The most important event
to occur at Kettle Creek took place on Sunday,
February 14, 1779. On that morning 600 American
supporters of the British cause, popularly known
as Loyalists or Tories, encamped atop a hill in a
bend of the creek. Elijah Clarke and other
patriot soldiers were able to defeat the
loyalists and prevented the British from invading
northern Georgia. - New Georgia Encyclopedia
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Elijah Clarke
Elijah Clarke was a patriot and a hero of the
Revolutionary War from Georgia. Clarke County
is named for him. On February 14, 1779, Clarke
led a charge in the rebel victory at Kettle
Creek, Georgia. - New Georgia Encyclopedia

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Austin Dabney
Austin Dabney was a slave who became a private in
the Georgia militia and fought against the
British during the Revolutionary War (1775-83).
He was the only African American to be granted
land by the state of Georgia in recognition of
his bravery and service during the Revolution and
one of the few to receive a federal military
pension. Born in Wake County, North Carolina,
in the 1760s, Austin Dabney moved with his
master, Richard Aycock, to Wilkes County,
Georgia, in the late 1770s. In order to avoid
military service himself, Aycock sent Dabney to
join the Georgia militia as a substitute. Serving
as an artilleryman under Elijah Clarke, Dabney is
believed to have been the only black soldier to
participate in the Battle of Kettle Creek, one of
the most significant battles in Georgia, which
took place near Washington on February 14, 1779.
He was severely wounded in the thigh during the
fighting, and Giles Harris, a white soldier, took
Dabney to his home to care for the wound. Dabney
remembered Harris's kindness and worked for the
Harris family for the rest of his life. - New
Georgia Encyclopedia

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SS8H3bAnalyze the significance of people
and events in Georgia on the Revolutionary War
include Loyalists, patriots, Elijah Clarke,
Austin Dabney, Nancy Hart, Button Gwinnett, Lyman
Hall, George Walton, Battle of Kettle Creek, and
siege of Savannah.
  • Concepts
  • Individuals Groups Institutions
  • Conflict and Change

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AMERICAN REVOLUTION
  • PAGE 27 IN GEORGIA JOURNAL SS8H3b
  • ESSENTIAL QUESTION
  • What is significant about the siege of Savannah
    during the Revolutionary War?

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Siege of Savannah This drawing by a British
officer details the failed attempt by American
and French forces to recapture Savannah from
British troops on October 9, 1779.
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Siege of Savannah
  • Governor Sir James Wright returned to Georgia on
    July 14, 1779, and announced the restoration of
    Georgia to the crown, with the privilege of
    exemption from taxation. Thus Georgia became the
    first, and ultimately the only one, of the
    thirteen states in rebellion to be restored to
    royal allegiance.
  • On September 3, 1779, a French fleet of
    twenty-five ships appeared unexpectedly off the
    Georgia coast. Count Charles Henri d'Estaing
    intended to oblige George Washington by stopping
    off on his way back to France to recapture
    Savannah. He disembarked his army of 4,000-5,000
    men on the Vernon River and proceeded to besiege
    Savannah. Major General Benjamin Lincoln hurried
    over from South Carolina with his army of
    patriots to join in the siege.
  • On October 9, 1779, the allies launched a grand
    assault upon the British lines and suffered 752
    casualties, while the British defenders lost only
    18 killed and 39 wounded. Count Casimir Pulaski,
    a Polish nobleman who had volunteered to fight
    for the cause of liberty, died. The battered
    French army withdrew to its ships, and Benjamin
    Lincoln's troops returned to Charleston.

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So, what is significant about the siege of
Savannah?
  • In 1779, Patriot forces with the help of the
    French navy tried to regain control of Savannah,
    but were badly defeated by the British army.
  • The British controlled the colony of Georgia
    until 1783 when the Treaty of Paris was signed
    when Britain officially gave up the fight to keep
    control of the colonies ending the
    Revolutionary War.

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SS8H3aExplain the immediate and long-term
causes of the American Revolution and their
impact on Georgia include the French and Indian
War (Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763,
Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration
of Independence.
  • Concepts
  • Individuals Groups Institutions
  • Governance
  • Conflict and Change
  • Rule of Law

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SS8H3bAnalyze the significance of people
and events in Georgia on the Revolutionary War
include Loyalists, patriots, Elijah Clarke,
Austin Dabney, Nancy Hart, Button Gwinnett, Lyman
Hall, George Walton, Battle of Kettle Creek, and
siege of Savannah.
  • Concepts
  • Individuals Groups Institutions
  • Conflict and Change

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The student will understand that distribution of
power in government is a product of existing
documents and laws combined with contemporary
values and beliefs.What are some documents that
contain US laws? Which branch of government is
responsible for making laws? What values and
beliefs did the colonists have that made them
upset with the existing laws of Great Britain?
  • Distribution of Power
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