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Consequences of Coal Exports Through the Pacific Northwest

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Title: Coal Exports Through the Pacific Northwest - Author: Martin T Donohoe Last modified by: Owner Created Date: 2/27/2013 7:37:42 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Consequences of Coal Exports Through the Pacific Northwest


1
Consequences of Coal Exports Through the Pacific
Northwest
  • Martin Donohoe

2
Plans
  • Powder River Basin coal, cheap, export to China
    and India (to supplement national uses and
    European/Australian exports)
  • Federal land, cheap
  • Coal 2/3 of resources extracted from public
    lands
  • Americans own most of Powder River Basin (43 of
    Americas coal supply)

3
Coal Economics
  • Sold for about 1/ton (usually non-competitively)
  • U.S. price 9/ton sold to China for
    100-123/ton
  • Uncompetitive leasing and poor oversight have
    cost U.S taxpayers 29 billion since 1982

4
Coal Economics
  • Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee,
    Interior Department, and GAO looking into royalty
    payment evasion (companies valuing coal at low
    domestic prices, rather than those fetched
    overseas)

5
Plans
  • 150 million tons
  • 26 trains/day
  • 4 diesel engines/train (100-120 cars per train)
    barges
  • Would double U.S. coal export capacity
  • Through Columbia River Gorge (National Scenic
    Area)
  • Up to 645 lbs. or 3 of coal dust lost per car
    during transit (BNSF estimate)

6
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8
48 mmt/yr coal
10 mmt/yr coal
15-30 mmt/yr coal
44 mmt/yr coal
8 mmt/yr coal
10 mmt/yr coal
Total 150 mmt/yr coal
9
Health Consequences of Coal Mining
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Heart disease
  • Cancers
  • Low birth weight
  • Birth defects
  • Etc.

10
Recent Developments Show Coals Future is Bleak
  • Kinder Morgan abandons plan to build coal export
    terminal on Columbia River at St Helens
  • Ambre Energy to renegotiate deal to take over
    Decker Mine in Montana
  • Ambre having financial problems
  • Cloud Peak Energy fails to bid on large deposit
    Kiewit bid (21 cents/ton) rejected by BLM

11
DECKER MINE DECKER, MONTANA
12
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14
Accidents
  • Almost 40 train derailments over last 2 years
  • Vancouver barge hits coal chute coal ship breaks
    in two off South Africa
  • Mississippi River Barge hit railroad bridge,
    leaking oil

15
Accidents
  • Runaway train disaster in Quebec (2013)
  • West Virginia surfactant spill pollutes river
    (2013)
  • Risk of fires at coal terminals
  • Water intensifies blaze special equipment and
    firefighter training required

16
  • Coal Train derailment near Baltimore, OH

Coal train derailment from coal dust buildup near
Baltimore, Ohio (2012). Photo from Reuters.
17
Mesa, WA Coal Train Derailment (2012)
18
The same trains that would carry coal
Wisconsin, 2013
19
Westshore Coal Terminal in BC (2012) Photo from
CKNW News Talk 980.
20
Coal-laden ship breaks up off coast of South
Africa (2013)
21
Train Crossings
  • RR limited by federal law from paying more than
    5 costs for improvements in at-grade crossings,
    bridges, tunnels, overpasses to increase safety
    and decrease delay times
  • Costs will be borne by local municipalities,
    state and federal taxpayers

22
Deception
  • Ambre Energy mislead Port of Longview (5 million
    tons/yr internal documents up to 60 million
    tons/yr re-applied at 45 million tons/yr)
  • Port of Coos Bay admonished by judge for
    attempting to prevent Sierra Club form obtaining
    public records re proposed terminal

23
Health Effects
  • Diesel particulate matter
  • impaired lung development
  • pulmonary inflammation
  • increased risk of heart attacks/strokes/cancer/ast
    hma (ER visits and hospitalizations)
  • increases cardiopulmonary and all-cause mortality

24
Health Effects
  • Coal Dust
  • chronic bronchitis/emphysema/pulmonary fibrosis
  • exposure to heavy metals
  • Organic gardeners
  • 3-fold increased risk of cancer in coal terminal
    workers in Australia

25
Coal Dust
26
Coal Dust Escape 645 lbs without surfactant 97
lbs with surfactant BNSF Study
27
Health Effects
  • Noise
  • Cardiovascular disease (heart attacks, increased
    BP, arrhythmias)
  • Stroke
  • Cognitive impairment in children
  • Exacerbation of mental health disorders
  • Sleep disturbance (fatigue, HTN, arrhythmias,
    accidents and injuries)

28
Health and Environmental Effects
  • Adverse Effects on
  • Native Americans
  • Yakima Nation tribal fishing sites
  • Organic gardeners
  • Quality of life

29
Frequent, Long Train Crossings
  • Delayed EMS and fire department response times
  • Effect on heart attack/stroke/trauma victims,
    police response to crimes
  • Portland Fire Department response times already
    poor
  • Houseboat fire
  • Increased accidents traumatic injuries, deaths

30
30
31
Consequences of Burning Coal
  • Increased ground level ozone
  • Mercury and other heavy metals
  • Neurotoxin
  • 300,000-600,000 women of reproductive age with
    toxic levels
  • 18 of Mt Bachelor mercury from Asian power
    plants

32
Consequences of Burning Coal
  • Air pollution
  • 75,000 premature deaths/yr in U.S.
  • 6 million worldwide
  • Government program promoting coal use in Northern
    China may cut life expectancy of 500 million
    people by average 5 yrs

33
Consequences of Burning Coal
  • Global warming
  • 400,000 deaths and 5.0 - 5.5 million
    disability-adjusted life years lost per year
    (Climate Vulnerability Monitor, WHO, UN
    Environment Program)
  • Expected to double by 2030
  • Weather extremes

34
True Cost of Coal
  • Subsidies for polluting energy sources greater
    than 12 times subsidies for renewables (excluding
    military costs)
  • U.S. 502 billion in fossil fuel subsidies in
    2012
  • Much internalized as industry profits
  • The public health costs of coal alone are more
    than double the U.S. average retail electricity
    rate
  • When subsidies and externalities taken into
    account, renewables look great

35
Jobs
  • Support of unions, living wage
  • Short-term, unhealthy jobs
  • Effect on local retailers and their often low
    wage employees
  • U.S. taxpayers subsidizing Chinese and Indian
    jobs
  • Amoral logic of someone else will sell it to
    them similar to tobacco exports

36
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39
Jobs
  • Jobs program for pulmonologists, special ed
    teachers, and morticians

40
Multnomah County Health Department Analysis
  • 9 of population suffers from asthma.
  • Coal dust may travel 1/3rd to 1 1/4 miles from
    train tracks.
  • Almost 1/3 of population lives in areas that
    either border or cross rail lines that could
    carry coal and already experience a high burden
    of air pollution and noise disturbance from
    industrial sites, roads, and trains

41
Multnomah County Health Department Analysis
  • Communities of color, children, older adults, and
    low income citizens most likely to be affected
  • Cumulative delay of up to two hours per day at
    each rail crossing and delays in emergency
    response times expected
  • Precautionary principle invoked, calls for HIS
    and EIA

42
Public Opposition
  • Have indicated concern or disapproval of coal
    export proposals
  • 600 health professionals
  • 400 local businesses
  • 220 faith leaders

43
Public Opposition
  • Have indicated concern or disapproval of coal
    export proposals
  • Multiple Oregon and Washington municipalities
  • Northwest Tribes (Lummi Nation and Yakama Nation)

44
Public Opposition
  • Over 1,000 people attended Oregon DEQ hearings in
    12/12
  • Impressive state capital rally 3/13
  • Hearing and rally re Port of Morrow Project
    (7/13)
  • Other events planned

45
The Latest
  • 4/1/13 Environmental groups announce intent to
    sue Burlington Santa Fe Railway and several coal
    companies for violations of federal Clean Water
    Act
  • Most coal plants in violation of Clean Water Act
  • 67/13 Army Corps of Engineers (federal
    permitting agency)decides NOT to consider local
    or global health and environmental effects of
    coal burning for Boardman terminal, but will for
    Cherry Point and Gateway Pacific terminals

46
The Latest
  • Coal export prices down 40 over summer, 2013
  • Investors abandoning coal
  • Chinese demand expected to drop with development
    of nuclear and renewables
  • Chinese government states countrys air pollution
    situation is grim and is harming peoples
    health and affecting social harmony and
    stability

47
The Latest
  • Plans to use railways and terminals to transport
    Canadian Tar Sands and North Dakota Bakken Oil
    Field fracked oil through Pacific NW for export
  • 11 terminals planned
  • 70 additional trains per week, could move 700,000
    barrels oil/day (proposed Keystone Pipeline
    830,000 barrels/day)

48
What You Can Do
  • Join Power Past Coal Coalition
  • Volunteer
  • Call Governor Kitzhaber or his Citizen
    Representative (503) 378-4582
  • Contact DEQ and DSL

49
What You Can Do
  • Continue to demand a full spectrum Environmental
    Impact Statement (EIS) and Health Impact
    Assessment (HIA)
  • Demand a halt to all proposals

50
Conclusions
  • Coal is a dying 19th Century technology with
    Dickensian effects on human health and the
    environment
  • The consequences of coal transport through the
    Pacific Northwest and its subsequent burning in
    Asian power plants is bad for the Northwest, the
    United States, and the world

51
Conclusions
  • U.S. needs an energy policy for the 21st century,
    using clean technologies that provide long-term,
    well-paying, and safe jobs

52
Günter Grass
  • The first job of a citizen is to keep your mouth
    open.

53
African Proverb
  • If you think you are too small to have an
    impact, try going to bed with a mosquito in your
    tent

54
Special Thanks To
  • Regna Merritt, Oregon PSR
  • regna_at_oregonpsr.org
  • Laura Stevens, Oregon Sierra Club/Beyond Coal
    Campaign
  • Andy Harris and Susan Katz, Oregon PSR
  • Alan Lockwood, PSR
  • Thousands of concerned citizens who have
    volunteered their time and energy

55
Resources
  • Power Past Coal http//www.powerpastcoal.org/
  • Sierra Club Beyond Coal Campaign
    http//content.sierraclub.org/coal/
  • Coals Assault on Human Health (Physicians for
    Social Responsibility) http//www.psr.org/resourc
    es/coals-assault-on-human-health.html
  • Oregon PSR Resources http//www.psr.org/chapters/
    oregon/environmental-health-/proposed-coal-exports
    .html and http//www.psr.org/chapters/oregon/envir
    onmental-health-/

56
Contact Information
  • Public Health and Social Justice Website
  • http//www.publichealthandsocialjustice.org
  • or
  • http//www.phsj.org
  • Martin Donohoe
  • martindonohoe_at_phsj.org
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