GRIEF AFTER SUICIDE: The Journey of Survivors - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – GRIEF AFTER SUICIDE: The Journey of Survivors PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 537dc7-MjE1N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

GRIEF AFTER SUICIDE: The Journey of Survivors

Description:

Title: SUICIDE And The ELDERLY: Prevention & Intervention Author: John R. Jordan Last modified by: dtc135_at_live.com Created Date: 9/5/2007 3:10:00 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:519
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: John813
Learn more at: http://www.ohiospf.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: GRIEF AFTER SUICIDE: The Journey of Survivors


1
GRIEF AFTER SUICIDE The Journey of Survivors
  • John R. Jordan, Ph.D.
  • Pawtucket, RI

2
Overview
  • Introduction
  • Suicide 101
  • Common Myths About Grief
  • How Is Grief After Suicide Different?
  • How Can I Survive?
  • Wrap-up

3
Suicide Epidemiology
  • Males Complete Suicide at a Rate 4 Times That Of
    Females
  • Highest Suicide Rates Are Generally for Elderly,
    Isolated Males
  • Highest Suicide Completions Are for Middle-aged
    Males
  • Ethnicity
  • In both U.S. Canada, highest rates by far are
    for Indigenous Peoples
  • 90 Have Diagnosable Psychiatric Disorder - Most
    Often Mood Disorders

4
Suicide Epidemiology
  • Suicide Is A Public Health Problem
  • About 38,000 Completions/ Year in U.S. - 2010
  • 700,000 1,000,000 Attempts/ Year in U.S.
  • 20-25 attempts for every completion
  • Worldwide - Nearly 1 Million Completions/ Year,
    20 Million Attempts/ Year
  • 10th Leading Cause Of Death in U.S., 3rd For
    Young People (15-24)

5
Suicide Etiology Suicide as the Perfect Storm
  • Genetic Factors
  • Biological Factors
  • Low neurotransmitters
  • Certain medical disorders
  • Epilepsy
  • TBI
  • Personality
  • Past Experience
  • Trauma

6
Suicide Etiology Suicide as the Perfect Storm
  • Life Stressors
  • Interpersonal loss (particularly suicide)
  • Role status loss
  • Interpersonal Connectedness
  • Social Issues
  • Opportunity/ Access to Means

7
Common Myths About Grief
  • Myth Grief Happens In Stages
  • Instead, grief is cyclical or wave-like
  • Myth Grief Is The Same For Everyone (Men, Women,
    Adults, Children)
  • Instead, grief is very individual

8
Common Myths About Grief
  • Myth Time Heals All Wounds - It Should Take
    About a Year
  • Instead, different aspects of grief take
    different amounts of time
  • There are significant individual differences
  • What matters is the direction of the trend, not
    the time it takes
  • Myth Time Heals All Wounds Just Wait It Out
  • Instead, grief involves active self-care
  • Grief involves acquisition of new skills of
    caring for yourself after emotional injury

9
Common Myths About Grief
  • Myth Grief Involves Saying Good-Bye and
    Achieving Resolution of Your Grief
  • Instead, we keep continuing bonds with our dead
  • Your task is not to let go, it is to find a
    different way to hold on
  • Goal learning to carry the boulder, not put
    it down

10
HOW IS GRIEF AFTER SUICIDE DIFFERENT?
11
Prominent Themes For Survivors
  • WHY? - Making Sense of the Death
  • RESPONSIBILITY - Guilt Blame
  • SOCIAL DISRUPTION - Isolation
  • SHAME - Stigma
  • ANGER - Rejection Abandonment

11
12
Prominent Themes For Survivors
  • TRAUMA - Shock Horror
  • RELIEF - The End Of Suffering
  • SUICIDALITY Why Go On?
  • SORROW Grief Yearning

12
13
Prominent Themes For Survivors Family Impact
  • Information management who to tell, and what
  • Communication shut-down
  • Trying not to upset others
  • Anger/ conflict management
  • Disruption of family routines/rituals
  • Loss of cohesion

14
Prominent Themes For Survivors Family Impact
  • Coping Asynchrony - Differences in grieving
    styles change in availability
  • Blame/scapegoating
  • Anxiety about it happening again (esp. for
    parents) problems with separations Are we
    cursed?

15
Post-Traumatic Growth After Suicide
  • Changed identity
  • Changed relations with others
  • Changed outlook on life
  • Growth

15
16
HOW CAN I SURVIVE?
  • Self- Care
  • Body
  • Mind
  • Spirit
  • Educate Yourself
  • About suicide
  • About grief
  • About trauma
  • Lower Your Expectations
  • One day at a time
  • Be With People Who Get-It, Avoid Those Who
    Dont
  • Be wary of know - it - alls
  • Be wary of know nothings
  • Be with people who walk along with you

17
How Can I Survive?
  • Trial Error Healing
  • Expect coping differences - Go outside the family
  • Multiple pathways towards healing
  • Learn to dose your grief
  • Try familiarity re-establish routines
  • Try novelty try something new
  • Dont Waste Your Grief - Engage in activities
    that
  • Honor the life of your loved one
  • Keep their memory alive
  • Give a purpose and focus to your grief
  • Be Patient
  • Have Faith in Your Resilience!

18
When to Seek Professional Help
  • The trend of your grief is more important than
    the speed
  • Up is green
  • Flat is yellow
  • Down is red
  • When coping methods are self or other-destructive
  • Particularly, suicidality
  • PTSD symptoms
  • Intrusive re-living
  • Avoidance (getting worse)
  • Physically wired or emotional numbness

19
When to Seek Professional Help
  • Prolonged Grief Disorder
  • Unending grief/ yearning
  • Trouble re-investing in life
  • Loss of meaning/purpose
  • Prolonged difficulty with acceptance of the
    reality
  • Severe depression
  • Anhedonia (inability to feel pleasure) is getting
    worse
  • Sleep, appetite, energy staying dysregulated
  • Loss of functionality
  • Active suicidality
  • Others are consistently saying Please get some
    help

20
Types of Help for Survivors
  • Survivor outreach programs
  • Survivor to Survivor Network
  • Samaritans www.samaritanshope.org
  • Individual therapy
  • Family/Couples counseling
  • Support groups
  • SafePlace groups
  • Samaritans www.samaritanshope.org
  • Activism

21
HOW CAN FRIENDS, FAMILIES, AND COMMUNITIES HELP?
22
How Can Friends, Families, Communities Help?
  • When in Doubt, Reach Out!
  • Offer the Gift of Presence
  • Dont assume you know what this means
  • Dont say too much
  • Offer Assistance
  • Practical help
  • Help find resources
  • Stay in for the long haul
  • Keep in touch be available, but not intrusive
  • Keep asking How is this for you?
  • Remember anniversaries

23
How Can Friends, Families, Communities Help?
  • Education of first responders
  • Education of clinicians
  • Support development of community resources
  • Information for new survivors
  • Outreach teams
  • Linkages between survivors
  • Eg., AFSP National Survivor Day Conference
  • Opportunities for activism
  • Eg., Community Suicide Prevention Council
  • Support groups

24
Wrap-Up
  • Questions?
  • Comments?

25
3 WISHES Over Time, That You Will Be Able To
  • Make Your Peace With the Suicide
  • Remember and Honor the Life of Your Loved One
  • Find Courage, Strength, Serenity as You Go
    Forward
About PowerShow.com