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Chapter 4 : Identifying and Selecting Systems Development Projects

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Chapter 4 : Identifying and Selecting Systems Development Projects Objectives: Describe the project identification and selection process. Describe corporate strategic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 4 : Identifying and Selecting Systems Development Projects


1
Chapter 4 Identifying and Selecting Systems
Development Projects
2
Objectives
  • Describe the project identification and selection
    process.
  • Describe corporate strategic planning and
    information systems planning process.
  • Explain the relationship between corporate
    strategic planning and IS planning.
  • Describe how IS planning can be used to assist in
    identifying and selecting systems development
    projects.
  • Analyze IS planning matrices to determine
    affinity between IS and IS projects and to
    forecast the impact of IS Projects on business
    objectives.
  • Describe three classes of Internet E-Commerce
    applicationsInternet, intranets, and extranets.

3
Project Identification Selection Tasks
  • Identifying potential development projects
  • Identification from a stakeholder group
  • Classifying and ranking potential IS projects
  • Using value chain analysis or other evaluation
    criteria
  • Selecting projects
  • Based on various factors

4
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7
Possible Evaluation Criteria When Classifying and
Ranking Projects
  • Value Chain Analysis
  • Strategic Alignment
  • Potential Benefits
  • Resource Availability
  • Project Size/Duration
  • Technical Difficulty/Risks

8
Factors for Project Selection
9
Planning Based Approaches to Project
Identification and Selection
  • Projects have often resulted from attempts to
    solve isolated organizational problems
  • Planning-based approaches generally ask, What
    information or (data) requirements will satisfy
    the needs of the business today and in the
    future?

10
Corporate Strategic Planning
  • A prerequisite for making effective project
    selection decisions is to understand where an
    organization is, wants to be and how to get there
  • Ongoing process that defines mission, objectives,
    and strategies of an organization
  • Corporate strategy involves
  • Mission statement
  • Objective statements
  • Description of competitive strategy

11
Competitive Strategy
  • The method by which the organization will attempt
    to satisfy its mission and objectives
  • Three generic strategies, basis of competition,
    and also allows you to compare two companies in
    the same industry
  • Low-cost producer
  • Product differentiation
  • Product focus or niche
  • Organizations with different competitive
    strategies often have different informational
    needs

12
Information Systems Planning (ISP)
  • Second planning process that can play a role in
    the quality of the project identification and
    selection process
  • An orderly means of assessing the information
    needs of an organization and defining systems,
    databases, and technologies that will best meet
    those needs

13
Information Systems Planning (ISP)
  • ISP must be done in accordance with the
    organization's mission, objectives, and
    competitive strategy
  • Look at info systems in terms of how they help
    the business achieve its objectives
  • Model current/future organizational needs

14
Strategic and IS Planning Relationships
15
Approaches to IS Planning
  • 1. Describe the current situation
  • Top-down planning
  • Attempts to gain a broad understanding of
    information system needs of the entire
    organization
  • Bottom-up planning
  • Identifies IS development projects based on
    solving specific operational business problems or
    taking advantage of specific opportunities
  • Faster, less costly, but may fail to view the
    informational needs of the entire organization

16
Benefits of Top-Down Planning
  • Broader perspective
  • Improved integration
  • Improved management support
  • Better understanding
  • But, bottom-up planning can be faster and less
    costly, so may be beneficial in certain
    circumstances

17
Approaches to IS Planning
  • 2 Describe target situations, trends and
    constraints.
  • Matrices of to-be situation can be created,
    considering trends and constraints
  • Focus on differences between current and future
    lists and matrices to identify project and
    transition strategies
  • 3 Develop a transition strategy and plans

18
IS Plan Components
19
Electronic Commerce Applications
  • The Internet
  • A large worldwide network of networks that use a
    common protocol to communicate with each other
  • Electronic Commerce
  • Internet-based communications to support
    day-to-day business activities

20
Three Modes of E-Commerce
  • Internet-based
  • Supports business activities between a business
    and individual consumers
  • Intranet-based
  • Supports business activities within a single
    organization
  • Extranet-based
  • Supports business-to-business activities
  • A form of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) use
    of telecommunications for direct transfer of
    business documents between organizations

21
Issues in Internet Application Development
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