THE ROLE OF VOCATIONAL, LITERACY AND LABOUR SKILLS DURING DETENTION AND THE POSITIVE EFFECTS OF REINTEGRATION PROCESSES IN AFRICA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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THE ROLE OF VOCATIONAL, LITERACY AND LABOUR SKILLS DURING DETENTION AND THE POSITIVE EFFECTS OF REINTEGRATION PROCESSES IN AFRICA

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preventing recidivism in youth crime the role of vocational, literacy and labour skills during detention and the positive effects ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE ROLE OF VOCATIONAL, LITERACY AND LABOUR SKILLS DURING DETENTION AND THE POSITIVE EFFECTS OF REINTEGRATION PROCESSES IN AFRICA


1
PREVENTING RECIDIVISM IN YOUTH CRIME
  • THE ROLE OF VOCATIONAL, LITERACY AND LABOUR
    SKILLS DURING DETENTION AND THE POSITIVE EFFECTS

    OF REINTEGRATION
    PROCESSES IN AFRICA

Fabiana Di Lorenzo
2
Main Points of this presentation
  • Why young offenders? (Case study)
  • Juvenile Justice
  • Employment and recidivism
  • Multiagency strategy

3
Who is a young offender?
  • A person aged from 15 to 24 years of age who
    comes into conflict with the law

4
Why ex young offenders?
  • 20.3 of the population in Africa
  • Affected by armed conflicts, government security
    forces, armed political groups, recession and
    political instabilities
  • Catalyst for future social peace

5
The risks of victimisation of children and youth
in conflict with the law
  • Primary victimisation community level
  • Secondary victimisation under the law
  • Under this circumstances, prisons can become a
    crime school as a result of the continued
    victimisation

6
The difficulties faced by the juvenile justice
system
  • Balance protection of rights and public safety
  • Protect youth from risks of victimisation
  • Re-entry into the society (multiagency strategy)

7
What can help increase the chances of achieving
low rates of recidivism?
  • Positive relationship offender-justice
  • Psychological, education and medical support
  • Re-entry into the society
  • Having a job

8
The importance of employment
  • Unemployment contributes to higher rates of
    recidivism (Welch, 1996 Dale, 1976, Maruna,2004)
  • Community programmes mainly fail due to
    unemployment
  • Prioritise job promotion
  • Employment
  • Re-entry
  • A coherent prosocial identity (Maruna 20017)
  • Personal success
  • Desistance
  • Bonds to the other (Hirschi 1969, Maruna 2004).

9
The traditional multiagency work
  • Police Officers and Prison Staff
  • Judges, Lawyers
  • Education and Health Staff
  • Social Service and Civil Society

10

Information sharing
Health staff
Judge
Education staff
Police Officers and prison staff
Young Person in conflict with the law
Civil Society and Social Workers
Lawyers
Family
A better justice system starts from the first
point of contact between the young offender with
the law
From this multiagency work, it is possible to -
assess the risks of reoffending - understand the
circumstances of, and reasons behind, the
offence. - identify physical and mental needs -
assess education and training needs, support the
return to school and discuss the rehabilitation
programme
11
Does traditional multiagency strategy favour
employment promotion of ex young offenders?
  • Labour market under transformation
  • Employers reluctance
  • Time commitment to training

12
Can the multiagency network stretch to the labour
market?
  • Involvement of the labour markets key actors
  • Employers and Workers organisations
  • Ministries of Labour
  • Employment agencies

13
Why?
  • Promotion of ex young offenders-workers rights
  • Training activities meeting labour markets and
    ex-young offenders needs
  • Link ex young offenders-labour market
  • Commitment to the cause

14

- Employers organisations - Workers
organisations - Ministry of labour - Employment
agencies
Health staff
Information sharing
Education staff
Police Officers and prison staff
Young Person in conflict with the law
Judge
Civil Society and Social Workers
Lawyers
Family
-Promotion of workers rights for ex-young
offenders -Promotion of training activities
which meet the labour markets needs and the
limits of the ex-young offenders ability. -Ex
young offenders difficulties in finding
employment are acknowledged and faced - A link
between ex young offenders and the labour market
is established - Increased labour stakeholders
commitment to the cause of raising employment
opportunities for ex young offenders
A better justice system starts from the first
point of contact between the young offender with
the law
  • From this multiagency work, it is possible to
  • - Assess the risks of reoffending
  • Understand the circumstances of, and reasons
  • behind, the offence.
  • - Identify physical and mental needs
  • Assess education and training needs, support
  • the return to school and discuss the
    rehabilitation
  • programme

15
Questions to be answered
  • Possible reactions of trade unions and employers
    organisations
  • Ministry of Justice-Ministry of Employment

16
To sum up....
  • Risks of victimisations
  • Juvenile Justice system
  • Employment-Recidivism
  • Multiagency work
  • Labour market

17
Thank you !
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