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WORLD WAR I

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WORLD WAR I The Spark: Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary The Teams Allied Powers Belgium Serbia England Russia France Later Italy, and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WORLD WAR I


1
WORLD WAR I
2
The Spark Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
of Austria-Hungary
3
The Teams
  • Allied Powers
  • Belgium
  • Serbia
  • England
  • Russia
  • France
  • Later Italy, and U.S. and Japan
  • BSERF
  • Central Powers
  • Bulgaria
  • Ottoman Empire
  • Germany
  • Austria-Hungary
  • BOGA

4
(No Transcript)
5
The Coaches
Central Powers
Franz Joseph, A-H Wilhelm II, Germany
Allied Powers
Czar Nicholas II, Russia, George
Clemenceau, FR David Lloyd George, GB
Woodrow Wilson, US
6
Playing Field
7
Playing Field
  • Eastern Front
  • Mostly in Russia, along the German/Russian border
  • More mobile
  • Battle lines changed often (fluid)
  • Western Front
  • Mostly in France, along German/French Border
  • Trench Warfare
  • Stalemate deadlock, where neither side gains an
    advantage
  • War of Attrition no quick victory each side
    tries to wear the other side down

8
German Plans to Attack France
9
German Plans to Attack France
10
1st Play Schieffen Plan
  • Schlieffen Plan war plan for Germany, created
    by Alfred von Schlieffen
  • Plan to avoid a two front war
  • Attack France through neutral Belgium
  • Defeat French in 6 weeks before Russia can
    mobilize
  • Turn and fight Russia
  • Problems
  • Heavily fortified areas in Belgium
  • Strong resistance from France
  • Russia mobilized quicker
  • Britain attacked from the north

11
1st Game Battle of the Marne
  • Germans advance into France
  • Pushed back by French at Marne
  • Stalemate and Trench Warfare begin
  • Ends Schlieffen Plan

12
Which of the following correctly represents the
Allied Powers
  1. Austria-Hungary, Italy, Germany,
  2. Serbia, Russia, France, Great Britain, Belgium
  3. Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire, Germany,
    Austria-Hungary
  4. Russia, France, Great Britain, Germany

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
13
Which of the following describes the fighting on
the western front?
  1. Trench warfare, Stalemate
  2. Mobile, Changing Battle lines
  3. Fought primarily in Russia
  4. Fought primarily in France
  5. Both 1 and 4
  6. Both 2 and 3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
14
Which of the following describes the Schlieffen
Plan and its failure?
  1. Frances plan to defeat Germany quickly Belgium
    mobilized to quickly
  2. Germanys plan to avoid a two front war Russia
    mobilized too quickly
  3. Austria-Hungarys plan to attack Serbia Russia
    mobilized too quickly

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
15
Trench Warfare
16
Diagram of the Trenches
17
Trench System
18
Do you think we have enough food and supplies to
outlast them?
Do you think we have enough food and supplies to
outlast them?
No-Mans land
These lines haven't moved for a year!
These lines haven't moved for a year!
French soldiers firing over their own dead
All Quiet on the Western Front trench warfare
(927)
19
Battle of Verdun
  • German attack on French
  • Longest battle of WWI (300 days)
  • Total casualties 700,000
  • No clear winner
  • Stalemate

20
Battle of Somme
  • British/French surprise attack against Germans
  • British losses 1st day 60,000 men
  • Total Casualties 1Million
  • No clear winner
  • Stalemate

21
1st Game Eastern Front Battle of Tannenberg
  • Russia vs. Germany
  • Russian Advantages
  • Largest army (151 ratio Russian to German)
  • Not well trained
  • Lacked weapons
  • Russian Disadvantages
  • Least industrialized
  • Lack of Modern Technology
  • Who won?

22
Battle of Gallipoli
23
Battle of Gallipoli
  • Britains (Winston Churchill) Game Plan
  • Open supply route to Russia
  • Capture Dardanelle Straight gaining access to
    Black Sea
  • Eliminate the Ottoman Empire from the war
  • Bulgaria and Ottoman Empire promised land by
    A-H to defend
  • Dardanelles at all cost
  • Allies fail

24
Dogfights
25
U-Boat
26
Poison Gas
27
Tanks
28
Trenches
29
America Enters WWI
30
America Neutral?
  • Not our war
  • Businesses could sell to both sides
  • Recent immigrants from both sides

31
Reason for US Entry
  • Sinking of the Lusitania
  • Zimmerman Note
  • Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

32
Sinking of the Lusitania
  • German u-boat torpedoes British passenger ship
    off Irish coast
  • 1200 die, 128 Americans

33
Zimmerman Note
  • Note from German Foreign Minister to German
    Ambassador to Mexico
  • Convince Mexico to go to war against US
  • Mexico to gain territory lost in Mex-Am War
  • Prevent U.S. from joining war in Europe

34
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
  • German u-boats sink military, passenger, and
    merchant ships on sight
  • 4 US ships sunk between Jan-Mar 1917
  • US declares war April 2, 1917

35
US Entry into WWI
36
America Prepares for War
37
(No Transcript)
38
America At War
  • American Expeditionary Forces
  • Dough Boys

http//www.firstworldwar.com/audio/overthere.htm
39
End of War
  • Second Battle of the Marne (7/18) - Last Major
    German Offensive
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates
  • Armistice Agreement to end fighting 1100am
    11/11/18

40
Global War
  • Resources and soldiers from colonies
  • Fought in Asia and Africa - Allies gained German
    colonies
  • British get help from Middle East colonies of
    Ottoman Empire conquered the Ottomans expected
    independence at wars end

41
Lives Lost
  • Russia 1,700,000
  • France 1,357,000
  • Great Britain 908,000
  • United States 130,174
  • Germany 1,800,000
  • Austria 1,200,000
  • Diseases, hunger, and other war-related causes
    20,000,000
  • Mangled 6,000,000

42
Wilsons Fourteen Points
  • Three Goals
  • Ensure lasting peace
  • Right to choose government
  • League of Nations
  • International body of representatives from each
    country with the purpose of maintaining peace

43
Paris Peace Conference
  • 5 Separate Peace Treaties known as the Peace of
    Paris
  • Each Central Power Country signed a separate
    peace treaty
  • Central Powers not invited
  • Big 4 Allied Powers Great Britain, US, France,
    Italy

44
Treaty of Versailles
  • Germany got a R.A.W. Deal
  • R.eparations payments to victors for war
    damages (33B)
  • A.llied Punishments
  • De-militarized Germany
  • Took Germanys colonies
  • Gave Alsace Lorraine to France
  • Took Saar Basin (coal supplies)
  • Took Rhineland (buffer zone)
  • W.ar Guilt Germany had to accept total blame
    for the war

R. A. W.
45
Map of Europe Redrawn
46
League of Nations Formed
  • United States didnt join
  • Congress feared it would drag us into another war
  • Weakened the power of the League of Nations
  • No power to enforce its decisions

47
WW I Causes WW II
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