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World War II in American History: Still

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Title: World War II in American History: Still the Good War? Author: Michael Neiberg Last modified by: jbray Created Date: 4/19/2010 2:04:30 PM Document presentation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War II in American History: Still


1
World War II in American HistoryStill The Good
War?
  • Michael S. Neiberg
  • University of Southern Mississippi
  • neiberg102_at_gmail.com

2
The Good War
3
(No Transcript)
4
The Good War
5
What Changed?
6
Theme One Globalization
7
Europe in Ruins
  • 75 of Berlins buildings uninhabitable
  • Food rationing continued in Britain until 1954
  • 10,000,000 DPs, most in Germany against their
    will
  • France lost 500,000 buildings
  • USSR lost 70,000 villages
  • Yugoslavia lost 75 of its livestock

8
Europe in Ruins
  • Two-thirds of all German males born in 1918 were
    dead
  • USSR lost 20,000,000 men
  • 200,000 Polish children had no parents alive
  • Hungarys ration was 550 calories per day (US
    intake is 3,000)
  • 5,000,000 Jews killed
  • Infant mortality in Europe exceeded 25 in 1945

9
Potsdam Conference17 July to 2 August 1945
  • Unconditional Surrender for Japan
  • The freely expressed will of the Japanese
    people will determine its government
  • Each power to take reparations from its sector of
    Germany
  • Germany to be denazified
  • Surrender of Japanese forces in Korea and Vietnam
    agreed.

Clement Atlee, Harry Truman, and Josef Stalin at
Potsdam. France was not invited to send a
representative.
10
Role of the USA
  • Marshall Plan
  • 4.6 billion in aid to democratic capitalist
    states
  • Rapid redevelopment of Germany
  • Creation of NATO
  • Permanent place of the USA
  • Insertion of US firms into European economy
  • Formation of the United Nations, IMF

11
Theme Two Home Front USA
12
Aircraft Production
13
Artillery Pieces
14
Major Naval Vessels
15
Major Naval Vessels (USA included)
16
Steel (in millions of tons)
17
Labor Forces
  • 90 Division Gamble and Selective Service
  • US had three latent labor pools (women, African
    Americans, Mexicans)
  • US added 6,000,000 jobs in three years
  • GM alone added 750,000
  • In Germany there were 400,000 fewer female
    workers in 1941 than 1939

18
Japanese Internment
19
Detroit Race Riot, 1943
20
What did the war really change?
Lunch counter sit in Greensboro, NC, 1960
21
Theme Three World War IIs Uniqueness
Eisenhower and other senior American officers
tour a liberated concentration camp
22
The American Century
Signing of the UN Charter, San Francisco, 1945
23
Unity
24
Contrast to Later Wars
Vietnam
Police Action in Korea
25
Some Further Reading
  • Paul Fussell, Wartime
  • Studs Terkel, The Good War
  • E. B. Sledge, With the Old Breed
  • David Nichols, ed. Ernies War
  • J. Glenn Gray, The Warriors

Studs Terkel
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