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Human Trafficking from Latin America and the Caribbean to Western Europe

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Title: U.S. Department of State Author: GoldinYT Last modified by: user oas Created Date: 11/12/2003 7:00:45 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Trafficking from Latin America and the Caribbean to Western Europe


1
Human Trafficking from Latin America and the
Caribbean to Western Europe
  • Monday, October 25, 2004
  • IOM Conference
  • Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

2
Organization of American States
3
OAS Anti-TIP Coordinator Priorities
user oas
  • 1. Foster National Action by Governments
  • 2. Advance Effective Best Practices
  • 3. Help Implement OAS Projects and Training
  • 4. Improve Cooperation with Governments
    outside the Western Hemisphere

4
OAS Anti-TIP Coordinator Priorities
user oas
  • Gain New Financial Resources and Allies
  • 1. Focus on TIP to destination countries in
    Western Europe and Japan.
  • 2. Promote specific opportunities for partnering
    for donors outside the Hemisphere.
  • 3. Advance efforts to fight sex tourism in the
    Hemisphere that exploits TIP victims.

5
European Anti-TIP Policy Focused on Eastern
Europe
user oas
  • European institutions -- the EU, the OSCE and
    national governments -- are focused mainly on TIP
    from Eastern European source countries
  • Latin Americans and Caribbean constitute a
    significant minority of TIP victims in Western
    Europe

6
General Observations
user oas
  • Most victims come from Brazil, Colombia and
    Dominican Republic. Growing numbers come from
    Ecuador and Peru.
  • High number of traffickers arrested to victims
    found.
  • Many governments suggest a significant number of
    victims remain unidentified.
  • Migration from Latin America to Western Europe
    steadily increasing.

7
Survey of Information on Latin American and
Caribbean TIP Victims in certain European
countries
user oas
  • Switzerland
  • Austria
  • Germany
  • The Netherlands
  • Italy
  • France

8
Switzerland
user oas
Swiss Government TIP Data Victims Accused
Traffickers 1997 71
81 1998 69 119 1999
88 138 2000 75 105
9
Switzerland
user oas
  • Swiss NGO Data on Latin American Victims
  • 21 victims (26 of its victims were from Latin
    America)
  • NGO and press reports indicate a strong presence
    form Brazil, Colombia and Dominican Republic

10
Switzerland
user oas
Swiss Governments Estimates of TIP Victims The
2002 Swiss Federal Report on crime estimates that
1,500 to 3,000 illegal foreign prostitutes could
be victims of TIP. The 2001 estimate was 2,200
to 3,700.
11
Switzerland
user oas
  • Persons Vulnerable to TIP
  • Police estimate 14,000 Women in Prostitution
  • NGO Estimated Number of Foreign Women in
    Prostitution 2,000 - 4,000
  • Estimated Number of Latin Women in Prostitution
    500 - 2,000
  • (Note No clear data on Forced Labor)

12
Switzerland
user oas
  • Legal Residents from Latin America
  • Brazilians -- 10,272 (7,465 women, 73)
  • Colombians -- 3,610 (2,336 women, 65)
  • Dominicans -- 5,257 (3,705 women, 70)
  • Latin American and Caribbean Totals
  • 36,587 (23,438 women, 64)

13
Switzerland
user oas
Swiss Government Issues Artistes Visas 1,800
women had artiste visas Brazilians (115) and
Dominicans (212) were among the leading holders
of these visas
14
Austria
user oas
  • Austrian Government Data on TIP Victims and
    Traffickers
  • 2003 -- 236 (233 women) victims identified
  • 2003 -- 214 Traffickers arrested
  • 2002 -- 168 Traffickers arrested

15
Austria
user oas
  • Austrian NGO TIP Data related to the LAC Region
  • 2003 -- assisted 415 women, many from DR,
    Venezuela, Chile
  • 2002 -- assisted 208 women
  • 2001 -- assisted 183 women

16
Austria
user oas
  • Persons Vulnerable to TIP
  • Estimated Number of Foreign Women in
    Prostitution 5,000 to 17,000
  • Estimated Number of Latin American or Caribbean
    Women in Prostitution
  • 500 to 2,000
  • (Note No data on Forced Labor)

17
Austria
user oas
Austrian Government Issues Artistes Visas In
2002, the government issued 919 artistes visas.
It is unknown how many were issued to LAC
nationals.
18
Austria
user oas
  • Legal Migration Data
  • 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
  • DR 148 120 134 108 191
    259
  • Brazil 219 250 273 305 321
    345
  • Colombia 51 78 65 107 102
    98

19
Austria
user oas
  • Official Legal residents
  • Brazil -- 1,409
  • Dominican Republic -- 1,293

20
Germany
user oas
  • German Government TIP Data related to the LAC
    Region
  • 2000 -- 16 victims (5 traffickers)
  • 2001 -- 24 victims (3 traffickers)
  • 2002 -- 11 victims (4 traffickers)
  • 2003 -- 16 victims (5 traffickers)

21
Germany
user oas
  • German NGOs TIP Data related to the LAC Region
  • In 1999 -- 80 Victims (Official Victims 8)
  • In 2000 -- 80 Victims (Official Victims 16)
  • In 2001 -- 99 Victims (Official Victims 24)

22
Germany
user oas
  • Persons Vulnerable to TIP
  • Estimated Number of Foreign Women in
    Prostitution 30,000 - 150,000
  • Estimated Number of Latin American Women in
    Prostitution 3,000 - 15,000
  • (Note No clear data on Forced Labor)

23
Germany
user oas
  • Legal Residents from Latin America
  • Brazilians -- 25,844 (18,869 women, 73)
  • Argentines -- 6,543 (3,560 women, 55)
  • Colombians -- 7,964

24
The Netherlands
user oas
  • Dutch Government TIP Data related to the LAC
    Region
  • 1995 19 victims (12 of total victims)
  • 1996 5 victims (4)
  • 1997 10 victims (6)
  • 1998 6 victims (24)
  • 1999 11 victims (15)
  • 2000 7 victims (2)
  • 2001 3 victims (1)

25
The Netherlands
user oas
  • Dutch Governments Estimates of TIP Victims
  • The Bureau of the Dutch National Rapporteur on
    Human Trafficking estimates that each year 3,500
    women become victims of trafficking in the
    Netherlands.

26
The Netherlands
user oas
  • Residency Status Granted to Foreign TIP Victims
    from Latin American and Caribbean (1996-2002)
  • 14 Applications (2 of total)
  • 10 Granted ( 2 of total)
  • At least 30 Latin Americans labor TIP victims
    are being rehabilitated in an NGO

27
The Netherlands
user oas
  • Persons Vulnerable to TIP
  • NGO Estimated Number of Foreign Women in
    Prostitution 13,000 - 20,000
  • Estimated Number of Latin and Caribbean Women
    in Prostitution 1,300 - 2,000

28
Italy
user oas
  • Italian Government TIP Data on Victims from Latin
    America
  • Colombians 124 (mainly working as prostitutes
    on the streets) 2.1 of all victims of year
    2001.

29
Italy
user oas
  • Persons Vulnerable to TIP
  • Estimated Number of Foreign Women in
    Prostitution 15,000 - 20,000
  • Estimated Number of Latin American Women in
    Prostitution ??
  • (Note No clear data on Forced Labor)

30
Italy
user oas
  • Persons Vulnerable to TIP
  • Repatriations and Denied Entries (Jan. - Oct.
    2003) South American 2,265
  • Ecuador 649
  • Brazil 573
  • Colombia 425
  • Peru 211
  • Bolivia 158
  • Venezuela 86

31
Italy
user oas
  • Persons Vulnerable to TIP
  • Repatriations and Denied Entries (Jan. - Oct.
    2003)
  • Caribbean/Central America 274
  • Dominican Republic 133
  • Cuba 74
  • Jamaica 14
  • Others 53

32
France
user oas
  • French Government TIP Data
  • 2003 900 Victims
  • TIP Arrests
  • 2000 472 Traffickers
  • 2001 466 Traffickers
  • 2002 643 Traffickers
  • 2003 709 Traffickers

33
France
user oas
  • French Government TIP Data related to the LAC
    Region (year 2003)
  • 26 Total Victims (21 women 5 men 2.2 of all)
  • Brazil 9 Ecuador 6
  • Colombia 2 Peru 2
  • Venezuela 3 Argentina 1
  • Chile 1 Guyana 1
  • Cuba 1
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