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Dred Scott Decision, March 1857

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Title: The Road to the American Civil War Author: Preferred Customer Last modified by: TSC Created Date: 4/5/2005 6:22:41 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dred Scott Decision, March 1857


1
Dred Scott Decision, March 1857
  • Dred Scott was a slave who moved from a Missouri
    a slave state to free states Illinois and
    Wisconsin
  • In 1846 Scott sues for his freedom because he
    know lives in free states
  • 1857, the Supreme Court ruled that slaves are not
    citizens

2
Dred Scott Decision, March 1857
  • The court also rules that the Missouri Compromise
    cannot infringe a slave owners rights to take his
    property where ever he chooses
  • The north is convinced that the south is
    attempting to spread slavery

3
Enter Abraham Lincoln
  • Illinois congressmen and successful lawyer
  • He opposes the expansion of slavery into new
    territories like Kansas and Nebraska
  • Lincoln takes the moral high ground against
    slavery and he attacks the slave system

4
The Lincoln and Douglas Debates
  • Both are against the expansion of slavery
  • Both argue that it will not survive in the west
  • Both do not want to use the government to end
    slavery
  • Lincoln comes out of the debates looking like an
    abolitionist

5
John Browns Raid October 1859
  • John Brown hopes to lead a slave revolt at
    Harpers Ferry, Virginia
  • Slaves do not rush to join and he is captured and
    hung
  • Northerners look at him as a hero and southerners
    worry that more like Brown are coming to the
    south

6
The Election of 1860
  • Lincoln is elected as the 17th president of the
    U.S. in 1860
  • Southerners fearing Lincoln is going to end
    slavery secede from the United States
  • Lincoln has no plans to deal with the slave issue
    as the south believes

7
The Confederate States of America
  • Southern states before Lincoln takes office
    secede from the Union
  • On December 20, 1860- South Carolina,
    Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana
    and Texas leave the Union
  • They become the Confederate States of America

8
Fort Sumter, April 1861
  • After the southern states secede from the Union
  • South Carolina demands that Union property be
    surrendered to the south
  • Lincoln refuses to allow Fort Sumter to surrender
  • Confederate forces fire on fort and eventually
    force its surrender
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