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Graffiti as the way of self-expression

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Title: Graffiti as the way of self-expression


1
Graffiti as the way of self-expression
  • Yurenev Yuri and Alexander Bazhan

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  • Do you know what does the word graffiti mean?

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  • Is graffiti an art or disgrace?
  • Is it popular in Russia?
  • When did graffiti first become popular?
  • Why do people write graffiti?

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  • Is it harmful to the health?
  • How can we use it in conformity with the future
    Olympic Games in Sochi?

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  • You can find answers to all these questions a
    lot of interesting information about graffiti in
    our work .

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  • We decided to start our investigation with the
    following survey.

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Survey
  • 1. Do you know the meaning of the
    word graffiti?
  • Yes.
  • No.
  • 2 . Whats your attitude to the graffiti?
  • I like it.
  • I dont like it.
  • Graffiti is the vandalism.
  • Graffiti is the modern art.

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  • 4 . Would you like to go in for graffiti?
  • Yes
  • No
  • 5. Is graffiti the sign of urbanization
    (according to your opinion) ?
  • Yes
  • No
  • 6. Is graffiti only for men?
  • Yes
  • No

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  • 34 people were asked and here are the
    results most people (90) think that
    graffiti is the modern art 75 know the meaning
    of the word graffiti and only 8 persons (15)
    want to go in for graffiti. Practically everyone
    said that graffiti is also for women.

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What does the word graffiti mean?
  • The word GRAFFITI simply means--words or drawings
    scratched or scribbled on a wall. The word comes
    from the Greek term "graphein" (to write) and the
    word "grafitti" itself is plural of the Italian
    word "graffito."

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The history of graffiti
  • Writing started moving from the streets to the
    subways and quickly became competitive. At this
    point writing consisted of mostly tags and the
    goal was to have as many as possible. Writers
    would ride the trains hitting as many subway cars
    as possible. It wasn't long before writers
    discovered that in a train yard or lay up they
    could hit many more subway cars in much less time
    and with less chance of getting caught. The
    concept and method of bombing had been
    established.

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The history of graffiti
  • Art in the form of graffiti originated in the
    late 1960s, but graffiti in term of public and
    unsolicited markings has been around for ever.
    Some say it represents man's desire and need for
    communication, and the history of this type of
    communication dates back to one of the first
    communicative acts-drawing.

16
A Background for Determining "Good" Graffiti
Paintings
  • People start the practise of graffiti because in
    doing so they are different. However, if and when
    they decide to commit seriously to graffiti as
    more than a teenage weekend diversion, they will
    realize that they are hardly alone in doing so.
    There are thousands of very dedicated graffiti
    writers worldwide. Being the local graffiti
    writer may create yourself a "rebellious artist"
    image around your way, but in the global graffiti
    culture, that "cool" is standard issue. There's
    nothing special about being a graffiti writer in
    a room full of graffiti writers! How, then, can
    one truly maintain the true original attractions
    of graffiti to be different, and to be yourself?

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Why do people write graffiti
  • People paint graffiti because it is a mean of
    expressing themselves and establishing themselves
    well outside of the norm. As an artistic work,
    even when created legally, any graffiti will have
    a certain renegade edge which has been bolstered
    by years of illegal work. In creating these
    public art works, graffiti writers experience a
    level of risk and adventure, artistic and
    otherwise, that anyone outside our circles would
    have great difficulty comprehending. It is also
    one hell of a lot of fun. But this hardly
    scratches the surface of what graffiti is to any
    moderately serious graffiti writer.

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  • This led to the development of the masterpiece.
    It is difficult to say who did the first
    masterpiece, but it is commonly credited to SUPER
    KOOL 223 of the Bronx and WAP of Brooklyn. The
    thicker letters provided the opportunity to
    further enhance the name. Writers decorated the
    interior of the letters with what are termed
    "designs." First with simple polka dots, later
    with crosshatches, stars, checkerboards. Designs
    were limited only by an artist's imagination.

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  • Now we are going to introduce some graffiti
    terms, it will help you to understand our next
    pages.

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Graffiti dictionary
  • Bomb- quickly-painted picture witch reflects the
    name of the writer or of crew.
  • Crew- writers team
  • Tag- signature of the writer
  • Cap- pozzel for the aerosol .
  • Blackbook, piecebook, sketchbook book with
    sketches.
  • Toy- inexperience writer .

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Tag style
  • After a while there were so many people writing
    so much that writers needed a new way to gain
    fame. The first way was to make your tag unique.
    Many script and calligraphic styles were
    developed. Writers enhanced their tags with
    flourishes, stars and other designs. Some designs
    were strictly for visual appeal while others had
    meaning. For instance, crowns were used by
    writers who proclaimed themselves king. Probably
    the most famous tag in the culture's history was
    STAY HIGH 149. He used a smoking joint as the
    cross bar for his "H" and a stick figure from the
    television series The Saint.

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  • The next development was scale. Writers started
    to render their tags in larger scale. The
    standard nozzle with of a spray paint can is
    narrow so these larger tags while drawing more
    attention than a standard tag, did not have much
    visual weight. Writers began to increase the
    thickness of the letters and would also outline
    them with an additional color. Writers discovered
    that caps from other aerosol products could
    provide a larger width of spray.

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styles
  • There are many styles but we are going to
    introduce the most popular ones
  • wildstyle- style which bases on interlace of
    the letters and broken lines, witch makes some
    graffitis unreadable.
  • Bubble letter- one of the most old styles in
    which the main idea is mild lines and volume of
    shapes.
  • Daim style- 3D style which makes without
    contour.

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Graffity and the law
  • Graffity is closely connected with the law
    offenders. Police often arrest graffiti writers.
    There are also passers who thought that
    graffiti is only vandalism.
  • But graffiti is also a very beautiful art, and
    its a pity that in Sochi there are only few
    writers who make real art.

25
Graffiti and the health
  • Anyone who has ever done a piece should know
    afterwards, the color of your main fill-in,
    reappears when you blow your nose. I mean "spray
    mist". Spray cans let the paint out, and most of
    that paint lands on your train, wall or whatever,
    but the gas drifts on outwards.. until it
    settles. When you're painting, your lungs take in
    this mist, the inside of your lips and nose
    absorb it. Paint-toxins can even be absorbed
    through your skin.

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Sketches
  • Before making great graffiti writer should made
    some sketches. It is made by pencil in the sketch
    book.

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Stickers
  • When you have not got much time to write your tag
    you can use stickers. Writers make stickers
    themselves. Often it is made on a sticky paper by
    markers. But sometimes it is made in a
    Photoshop programme.

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  • Many graffiti artists ("writers") lament that
    graffiti is dying, that the old values of
    originality and respect which kept it moving have
    been lost. This is not true. Its problems have
    simply evolved with the medium. Graffiti has
    become larger, and suffers from what might be
    called "cultural growing pains." In the early
    days, graffitists had to cope with scores of
    people asking "but is it art?" Nowadays, a glance
    through any collection of modern graffiti - such
    as Art Crimes - will establish certain graffiti
    as art to all but the most conservative observer.
    Much of this has to do with a worldwide boom in
    legally sanctioned spaces for graffiti art in the
    last ten years.

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  • While some people do not consider any illegal
    graffiti to be art, few can argue with legally
    sanctioned work. Graffiti artists have pushed the
    spray can's technical possibilities to the point
    where they parallel those of the paintbrush. With
    its creative possibilities limitless, graffiti
    now has much more important questions to answer.
    What, specific to graffiti, makes a good piece?
    Beyond that, what responsibility does the artist
    have to the culture, and how does that tie in
    with making good work?

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  • Graffiti is the greatest type of modern art. But
    people have wrong opinion to the graffiti. They
    think that it is only vandalism. After our work
    presentation we think you will change your
    opinion.
  • Some people like graffiti others dont. No doubt
    that illegal graffiti on the walls of the houses
    isn't a good one, because some people will have
    to recolor theirs walls. That's why we suggest to
    permit making graffiti on special places.

31
  • Were sure that Sochi will be the town of winter
    Olympic Games in 2014. New hotels, stadiums
    other Olympic constructions will be built , and
    theyll be surrounded by high long barriers. And
    it is difficult to keep our town clean and
    beautiful during the reconstruction work. So we
    offer to ask graffiti writers to cover such
    barriers fancies with their works. Here are
    some suggestions.

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