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Economic Geography

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Economic Geography Developing and Developed Countries SOL WG.7b Levels of Development Levels of economic development vary from country to country. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Economic Geography


1
Economic Geography
  • Developing and Developed Countries SOL WG.7b

2
Levels of Development
  • Levels of economic development vary from country
    to country. Some countries are very wealthy and
    some are very poor. Standards of living and
    indicators of economic development are used to
    assess how wealthy a country is.

3
Levels of Development
  • Why does economic development vary from one part
    of the world to another?
  • Access to natural resources - If a country does
    not have many resources it is more difficult for
    them to develop their economy.

4
Economic Development
  1. Access to capital resources - Countries that do
    not have money, modern infrastructures, or
    industries will have a difficult time developing
    their economy.
  2. Numbers and skills of human resources - Countries
    need skilled workers and unskilled workers in
    order to develop their economy.

5
Economic Development
  • Indicators of economic development
  • Urban/rural ratio - The number of people who live
    in cities versus the countryside.
  • Labor force characteristics - How much of the
    economy is devoted to primary, secondary, or
    tertiary economic activity. The economy in some
    countries is primarily based on agriculture or
    mineral extraction. Countries in Africa tend to
    farm or dig up minerals.

6
Economic Development
  1. GDP per capita - Gross domestic product per
    capita refers to how much money an average family
    earns in a year.
  2. Educational achievement - The number of skilled
    workers in a country.

7
Standards of Living
  • Indicators of standards of living and quality of
    life.
  • Population growth rate
  • Population age distribution - Some countries have
    many young people while others have older people.
  • Literacy rate - The number of people who can read
    and write.
  • Life expectancy - How long the average person
    lives.

8
Standards of Living
  1. Infant mortality rate - The number of babies that
    die at birth or within the first year of life.
  2. Percentage of urban population - The number of
    people living in cities.

9
Compare
  • Developed countries tend to have the following
    characteristics
  • Low population growth rates
  • Higher percentage of old people
  • High literacy rates
  • Long life expectancies
  • Low infant mortality rates
  • High percentage of population living in urban
    areas

10
Population Growth Rate
11
Literacy Rates
12
Life Expectancy
13
Infant Mortality Rate
14
Compare
  • Developed countries tend to have the following
    characteristics
  • Economy based on tertiary economic activity
  • High GDP per capita
  • High levels of education

15
GDP Per Capita
16
Developed Countries
  • Some developed countries are
  • United States
  • Canada
  • Australia and New Zealand
  • Japan, South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan
  • All countries in Europe and Russia
  • Israel, UAE, Bahrain

17
Developed Countries
18
Developing Countries
  • Some developing countries are
  • China - Highly developed industries and some very
    modern cities but still many poor people
  • Brazil
  • South Africa - Has a well developed
    infrastructure but there are still many poor
    people in the country

19
Developing Countries
20
50 Least Developed
21
Factors that Affect Economic Activity
  • Location and ability to exchange goods
  • Countries that are landlocked will have a
    difficult time transporting goods. Landlocked
    means a country does not have an outlet to an
    ocean. Some examples are Switzerland, Bolivia,
    Rwanda, and Mongolia.
  • Countries that are islands or on the coast will
    have an easier time exchanging goods.

22
Factors that Affect Economic Activity
  1. Proximity to shipping lanes.
  2. Access to communication networks

23
Factors that Affect Economic Activity
  • Membership to political and economic alliances
    that provide access to markets.

24
Landlocked Countries
25
Shipping Lanes
26
Cell Phone Usage
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