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A Bronx Tale: Bus Rapid Transit in New York City

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A Bronx Tale: Bus Rapid Transit in New York City Flexible, integrated, high performance system with a quality image and a strong brand identity. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Bronx Tale: Bus Rapid Transit in New York City


1
A Bronx TaleBus Rapid Transit in New York City
2
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3
Definition of BRT
  • Flexible, integrated, high performance system
    with a quality image and a strong brand identity.
  • Essential elements
  • Speed
  • Reliability
  • Attractiveness

4
  • Select Bus Service is the name for New York
    Citys BRT System. Primary features include
  • proof-of-payment fare collection,
  • transit signal priority, and
  • expanded bus lanes.
  • The first Select Bus Service route is the Fordham
    Road-Pelham Parkway Bx12 corridor in the Bronx.
    Service launched on June 29, 2008

5
Trend Bus Speeds Dropping
MPH
6
Slow Bus Travel in NYC
7
Sources of Bus Delay
Other Delays3
8
BRT Corridor Screening
9
BRT Benefits are based on the following
metrics1. Base BRT Ridership2. Ability to
support Frequent/All-Day Service3. Potential
Travel Time Savings4. Ridership Trend/Future
Growth5. System Connectivity
Potential Benefits
10
BRT Compatibility
  • BRT Compatibility is based on the following
    metrics
  • Traffic impacts on corridor
  • Parking regulation changes required
  • Ability to provide full range of station
    amenities
  • Extent of dedicated running ways on corridors

11
Overall Corridor Rankings
12
Public Involvement
New York City Transit and New York Department of
Transportation Staff have participated in over
100 Public Meetings on this project. There were
meetings with elected officials, community
groups, businessmens associations and other
groups. There were over 40 Meetings specifically
for the Fordham Road-Pelham Parkway Corridor
13
Bx12 Select Bus ServiceFordham Road-Pelham
Parkway
14
Corridor Ridership
Bus Route Weekday Ridership (2006)
Bx12 42,410
Bx17 10,964
Bx9 27,199
Bx22 17,695
W60-61 (Westchester Co.) 6,427
TOTAL 104,695
15
Fewer Stops
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Local
Limited
SBS
16
Expanded/Improved Bus Lanes
  • Expanded
  • Existing peak period bus lanes expanded to
    all-day operation
  • Bus lanes extended geographically
  • Improved
  • High visibility red bus lanes
  • Overhead signage
  • Increased NYPD bus lane enforcement

17
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18
Transit Signal Priority
  • Opticom Radio/GPS signal priority system
  • Installed at about 20 of the 35 intersections
    along the route in both directions
  • Early green/extended green available based on
    existing signal parameters
  • Signals timings also optimized

19
Proof-of-Payment Fare Collection
  • Customers pay at fare payment machines and obtain
    a proof-of-payment receipt before boarding
  • Customers board the bus at either door and hold
    receipt for inspection receipt valid for 1 hour
  • Two types of machines in use
  • Re-purposed MetroCard express machine for
    customers with MetroCards
  • Re-purposed Parkeon multi-space parking meter for
    customers with coins

20
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21
Proof-of-Payment Fare Inspection
  • Fare inspectors on vehicles and at stations (not
    police/peace officers)
  • On-board cameras to document incidents
  • Anyone without receipt is subject to 100 summons

22
Additional Features
  • Leading Bus Interval
  • Branding
  • Stations
  • Customer Ambassadors
  • On-Board Cameras
  • Accommodating Deliveries

23
Leading Bus Interval / Queue Jump
  • Provides 6 second advance green for all buses
    approaching in the bus lane
  • Bus lane operates at all times to provide free
    path for bus
  • Currently activated on every signal phase may be
    actuated in the future

24
Branding
25
Special Marketing Elements
26
Stations
27
Customer Ambassadors
28
On-Board Cameras
  • Currently used for security and liability
    protection
  • Potential future uses
  • Bus lane enforcement
  • Running time

29
Fordham Road Delivery Window
  • 1200pm-1400 North Side
  • 1000am-1200 South Side

30
Costs
  • Capital Costs for this project were very low.
    Approximately 10.5 M for a 8.5 Mile corridor.
  • The increase in Annual Operating Costs is
    approximately 6M. This includes additional
    service, and new staff for maintaining fare
    equipment, revenue collection and enforcement.

31
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32
Early Findings Physical Elements
  • Bus lanes operate well with proper enforcement
    improved signs/markings also effective. NYPD
    issued over 7155 summonses since the start of the
    program
  • TSP is working well too early to fully measure
    effectiveness
  • Shelters and station elements holding up well

33
Early Findings Fare Collection
  • Both types of machines operating dependably (98
    availability)
  • Transaction time for MetroCard machines 3 sec.
  • Transaction time for Coin machines slower
  • Occasional power issues at stations
  • NYCT personnel perform all maintenance and
    revenue collection
  • Customer understanding is good, particularly for
    regular riders
  • Early spot checks indicate 3 fare evasion rate.
  • 1547 warnings, 3268 summonses issued to date.

34
Ridership
  • But Corridor Ridership is Increasing
  • August Corridor ridership increased 8.5 over
    2007
  • October Corridor ridership increased 11.5 over
    2007 SBS
  • MetroCard Fare Collector Sales are 31,000 per
    weekday
  • SBS Cash Fare Collector Sales are 1500 per
    weekday (7)
  • Corridor mode share already exceptionally high
    fewer than 10 of shoppers on Fordham Road arrive
    by car

35
Findings Running Time
  • 19 faster running time, depending on direction
    and time of day
  • Running time improvements better on weekdays when
    bus lane and TSP in effect
  • Future running time analysis
  • On-board cameras
  • TSP system
  • Hand-held real time devices for dispatchers

36
Findings Running Time
Before 57 m 54 s
After 46 m 44 s
Dwell Time 20.5 9 m 34 s
Dwell Time 27.4 15 m 51 s
In Motion 49.2 28 m 30 s
In Motion 60.7 28 m 22 s
Signal Delay 16.0 7 m 29 s
Signal Delay 20.8 12 m 02 s
37
Findings Customer Response
  • 89 of customers said that SBS service is better
    than the limited.
  • Limited/BRT/SBS 74 of Customers said service
    improved since two months ago.
  • 32 of local customers said service improved
  • 30 of customers said that they were riding more
    frequently than before
  • 68 of customers said that paying on the street
    was more convenient
  • 84 of customers said that SBS was faster than
    the limited

38
Next Steps
  • Refine and expand TSP implementation
  • Continue to monitor all aspects of service
    delivery including proof-of-payment fare system
    Bus Operator procedures, etc
  • Monitor impact on ridership, travel time, and
    economic development

39
Future Bus Rapid Transit
  • Bus Priority in Manhattan
  • 34th Street
  • Fifth Avenue/Madison Avenue
  • Additional Select Bus Service
  • Nostrand Avenue/Rogers Avenue
  • First Avenue/Second Avenue
  • Transitway Treatments
  • 34th Street
  • Hylan Boulevard
  • Future Plans
  • Additional BRT routes
  • Widely deploy state of the art bus priority
    improvements
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