HOW TO WRITE RESEARCH PAPERS FOR ACADEMIC JOURNALS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 26
About This Presentation
Title:

HOW TO WRITE RESEARCH PAPERS FOR ACADEMIC JOURNALS

Description:

Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: empgaat Last modified by: Faiq Created Date: 3/28/2009 12:11:46 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:335
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: empg
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: HOW TO WRITE RESEARCH PAPERS FOR ACADEMIC JOURNALS


1
HOW TO WRITE RESEARCH PAPERS FOR ACADEMIC
JOURNALS
  • Dr. Abdelaziz TERCHI

2
Definition of Research
3
What is research?
  • Identify a problem
  • Find out what others have done
  • Develop a solution
  • Show your solution
  • Works
  • Better
  • Sound complete

4
What is Research?
  • Research must be systematic - It follows certain
    steps that are logical in order. These steps are
  • Understanding the nature of problem to be studied
    and identifying the related area of knowledge.
  • Reviewing literature to understand how others
    have approached or dealt with the problem.
  • Collecting data in an organized and controlled
    manner so as to arrive at valid decisions.
  • Analyzing data appropriate to the problem.
  • Drawing conclusions and making generalizations.

5
High Quality Research!
  • It is based on the work of others.
  • It can be replicated (duplicated).
  • It is generalizable to other settings.
  • It is based on some logical rationale and tied to
    theory.
  • It is doable!
  • It generates new questions or is cyclical in
    nature.
  • It is incremental.
  • It is apolitical activity that should be
    undertaken for the betterment of society.

6
What is bad research?
  • The opposites of what have been discussed.
  • Looking for something when it simply is not to be
    found.
  • Plagiarizing other peoples work.
  • Falsifying data to prove a point.
  • Misrepresenting information and misleading
    participants.

7
Why do we need research?
  • To get PhDs, Masters and Bachelors??
  • To provide solutions to complex problems
  • To investigate laws of nature
  • To make new discoveries
  • To develop new products
  • To save costs
  • To improve our life
  • Human desires

8
Why publish research papers?
  • Ideally
  • to share research findings and discoveries with
    the hope of improving healthcare
  • Practically
  • To get funding
  • to get promoted
  • to get a job
  • to keep your job!

9
Why write research papers?
  • Every research needs good and proper
    documentation.
  • To attend conferences.
  • To share research results with other researchers.
  • To get views for improvement of your research.
  • To obtain some form of degree.
  • To get recognition and promotion (Publish or
    Perish Dilemma)

10
Types of Publications
  • Theses MSc. MPhil /PhD
  • Conference Publications
  • Focus on a piece of work with limited discussion
  • Journal Publications
  • More complete (extensive) discussion
  • Monographs / Book chapters / Text books
  • Literature review
  • Book review
  • Research note (work in progress)
  • Working paper
  • Book

11
Where to publish your work
  • Journals
  • Ranking
  • Review process
  • Publication cycle
  • Conferences
  • Ranking
  • Review process
  • N.B. A good journal / conference usually to have
    rigorous review process and long review time

12
Where to send?
  • Conference
  • 3 kinds
  • Accept everything?
  • IEEE (accept less than 50)
  • Accept less than 20
  • Quick
  • Workshop
  • PASTE
  • IWPC
  • ICSE Workshops
  • Journal
  • Archival
  • Respectable
  • Experience
  • Magazine

13
Select an outlet
  • Level
  • Workshop 30 50 submissions with 50 acceptance
    rate
  • Conference 100 500 submissions with a 10-25
    acceptance rate
  • Journal 30 acceptance rate with long lead times
  • Subject Narrow, Medium,Broad
  • Region National,European, Americas, Asia,
    Australia, Nordic, Worldwide
  • The higher the level the more competitive
  • For students it is most successful to focus on a
    narrow focused workshop

14
Conferences
  • Fast publication
  • Usually need a smaller idea
  • Smaller trick can be acceptable
  • Depends on conference
  • Just accept or reject no rewrite
  • It may be incomplete
  • It may lack key references
  • Good for networking and QA

15
Journal publication
  • Academic reputation
  • Journals have 4x more status than conferences
  • Gives a quality stamp
  • Reviewers demand corrections clarifications
  • Archive your work
  • Wider scope
  • More theory and technical information
  • More references
  • Highly competitive
  • Accept 36
  • Reject 58
  • Refer to other Journal 3
  • Withdrawn 3

16
What makes a good research paper?
  • Good science
  • Good writing
  • Publication in good journals

17
What constitutes good science?
  • Novel new and not resembling something formerly
    known or used
  • Mechanistic testing a hypothesis - determining
    the fundamental processes involved in or
    responsible for an action, reaction, or other
    natural phenomenon
  • Descriptive describes how things are but does
    not test how things work hypotheses are not
    tested.

18
What constitutes a good journal?
  • Impact factor average number of times published
    papers are cited up to two years after
    publication.
  • Immediacy Index average number of times
    published papers are cited during year of
    publication.

19
Journal Citation Report, 2003
  • Journal Impact Factor Immediacy Index
  • Nature 30.979 06.679
  • Science 29.162 05.589
  • Hypertens 05.630 00.838
  • AJ P Heart 03.658 00.675
  • Physiol Rev 36.831 03.727
  • Am J Math 00.962 00.122
  • Ann Math 01.505 00.564

5907 journals
20
Things to consider before writing
  • 1. Time to write the paper?
  • - has a significant advancement been made?
  • - is the hypothesis straightforward?
  • - did the experiments test the hypothesis?
  • - are the controls appropriate and sufficient?
  • - can you describe the study in 1 or 2 minutes?
  • - can the key message be written in 1 or 2
    sentences?
  • 2. Tables and figures
  • - must be clear and concise
  • - should be self-explanatory
  • 3. Read references
  • - will help in choosing journal
  • - better insight into possible reviewers

21
Things to consider before writing
  • 4. Choose journal
  • - study instructions to authors
  • - think about possible reviewers
  • - quality of journal impact factor
  • 5. Tentative title and summary
  • 6. Choose authors

22
Getting a paper published
  • Competition for space in journals is intense
  • Cost of publication is high, 360/page for APS
  • Rejection rates vary
  • AJP 50
  • JBC 65
  • Nature 90

23
Reasons for rejection
  • Confirmatory (not novel)
  • Poor experimental design
  • - Poor controls
  • - Hypothesis not adequately tested
  • Inappropriate for journal
  • Poorly written

24
Reasons for rejection
  • The topic does not relate to the journals aims
  • The paper does not appear to have engaged with
    the work of others in the same area and may
    therefore be repetitious
  • The papers purpose is unclear
  • The argument in the paper is under-developed
  • The claims made by the paper are not justified
  • The style/length/format is not whats requested
    by the journal
  • The paper is poorly presented with missing
    references, typos, poor grammar etc.

25
Publication Process
Completion of research
Preparation of manuscript
Submission of manuscript
Assignment and review
Decision
Rejection
Revision
Resubmission
Re-review
Acceptance
Rejection
Publication
26
(No Transcript)
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com