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Qualitative Research: An Overview

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Qualitative Research: An Overview Quantitative research Representative: Results are representative of some known universe Reliability: Results are the result of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Qualitative Research: An Overview


1
Qualitative Research An Overview
2
Quantitative research
  • Representative Results are representative of
    some known universe
  • Reliability Results are the result of
    standardized application quality does not vary
    much by skills of researcher
  • Replicability
  • Socializing/ teaching questionnaire forcing
    responses.
  • One-shot interaction
  • Speedy production

3
Example of quantitative question
  • 55. Actualmente, qué tan peligroso es cruzar la
    frontera, sin papeles?
  • Muy peligroso 1
  • Algo peligroso 2
  • Poco peligroso 3
  • Nada peligroso 4
  • N/A 8888
  • NS/NQR 9999

4
Qualitative research
  • High-quality data about a few cases
  • Informal, conversational, naturalistic
  • Partial insider
  • Detail/ nuance
  • Narrative
  • Explanation of mechanisms
  • Members meanings (emic over etic understandings)
  • Emotion, subjectivity
  • Potentially multiple interactions with subject

5
Examples of qualitative questions
  • Hablando de su experiencia más reciente cruzando
    la frontera
  • Con quién cruzó la frontera?
  • Cómo consiguió su coyote?
  • Cómo les fue en el viaje?
  • Con todo lo que conoce, y todo lo que le pasó,
    volvería a hacerlo otra vez? Por qué?

6
A research question best answered with
quantitative data
  • Do Tunkaseños who have lived in the United States
    for more than 5 years have higher rates of
    diabetes than Tunkaseños who have lived in the
    United States for fewer than 5 years?

7
A research question best answered with
qualitative data
  • Why do Tunkaseños who have lived in the United
    States for more than 5 years have higher rates of
    diabetes than Tunkaseños who have lived in the
    United States for fewer than 5 years?

8
MMFRP qualitative interviews
  • Semi-structured interview guide for each group (
    20 questions)
  • Plan who you intend to interview
  • Key informants experts ordinary people
  • Dont be afraid to take advantage of
    opportunistic interactions
  • When possible, record with digital recorder
  • You will transcribe recordings in San Diego and
    make the transcriptions available to the team
  • Most qualitative interviews in second half of
    fieldwork

9
Conclusion
  • Quantitative and qualitative research offer very
    different modes of thought
  • The best approach to take depends on the question
    being answered
  • In your final analysis, you can combine both
    quantitative and qualitative data to make a
    compelling argument
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