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Brazilian Science, Technology and Innovation Policy: a Overview

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Brazilian Science, Technology and Innovation Policy: a Overview Mariano Francisco Laplane presidencia_at_cgee.org.br 41,133 Fellowships awarded until May/2013 Thank you ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Brazilian Science, Technology and Innovation Policy: a Overview


1
Brazilian Science, Technology and Innovation
Policya Overview
Mariano Francisco Laplane presidencia_at_cgee.org.br

2
Some numbers on Brazil
3
Historical Notes on Brazilian ST
  • Until Second World War Brazil had a very small
    number of scientists and little institutional
    base for research
  • Industry was incipient, mostly in traditional
    sectors.
  • Federal ST agencies created in the 1950s. (CNPq
    and CAPES)
  • Graduate programs and full time faculty positions
    established only in the 1960s.
  • FINEP (Agency financing engineering projects)
    created in the 1970s.
  • Economic instability in the 1980 s and 1990s.
  • Recovery and expansion in the recent decade.

4
Publicações
Docentes com Doutorado
Matrículas no Ensino Superior
Orçamento - CNPq
Orçamento - Capes
Orçamento - MCTI
5
  • National Funding Agencies
  • CNPQ (Basic Applied Research)
  • FINEP (Innovation)
  • CAPES (Min. of Education)
  • Dept Science Tech Min. Health
  • 26 state funding agencies
  • Main ones FAPESP,FAPERJ, FAPEMIG, FACEPE,
    FAPEAM, FAPERGS, FAPESBA

6
Support to Technological Research and Innovation
Partnership with States
CNPq
RHAE Researchers in Industry
PPP
PRONEM
Universal Call
Fellowships to students and post-docs
Fellowships to Tech Transfer
PPSUS
Researchers Fellowships
Science without Borders
Post-docs in Industry
PRONEX
Support to Graduate Programs
Industrial PhD Programs
International cooperation
INCT
7

8
Leader in deep sea oil and gas prospection and
extraction
2007- Tupi 7000 m
9
Prof. Richard H. Smith, Head of Aeronautics Dept.
at MIT ? Brazil, 1948

10
3rd largest passenger airplane company in the
world
11
Centenary Agricultural Schools

12
Leader in Tropical Agriculture, Food Production
and Export
Brazilian agricultural production has been
fuelled by S,TI
Product World ranking
Sugar, orange juice, coffee 1st
Soya, Beef and poultry 2nd
Corn, fruits 3rd
13
1925
1975
2003
14
Innovation rate in industrial firms
14
15
2012 2015 National Strategy for Science,
Technology and Innovation
16
Sustainable growth of Brazilian economy lays the
ground for long term planning
Strong interaction among federal public policies
16
17
Strategic Map
18
Priority Programs
19
Strengthening of scientific and technological
research and infrastructure
20
Brazilian Multipurpose Reactor
  • Fully meet the national demand for radioisotopes
    for medical applications
  • Conduct RD for power generation, nuclear
    propulsion and applications
  • Support for human resource training
  • RMB will be installed in
  • Iperó, São Paulo

21
Sirius SLS Project
  • 3rd generation Synchrotron Light Source
  • New horizons for characterisation techniques of
    synthetic and biological materials
  • It will allow more than 2,000 researchers from
    Brazil and from abroad to use the beam lines
  • A project of the national Synchrotron Light
    Laboratory, it will be installed in
  • Campinas, SP

22
Priority Programs
Information and Communications Technology ICT
ICT expenditure in Latin America
Brazilian Market
7º ICT market
3º computer market
5º cell phone market
Participation in the total 8
Increased growth in 2010 8,8
Brazilian ICT Market (2010)
Trade deficit of the sector
Total IT US85,1 billions
Communication US 80,6 billions
Total US 165,7 billions
2010 US 18,9 billions
23
Priority Programs
Health Industrial Complex
  • Global Market US 1 trillion
  • Brazil 1,2 of global market
  • Trade deficit (2010) US 10,2 billions
  • Public market of health
  • 50 of health market
  • 25 of the pharmaceutical acquisition
  • Public procurement of health complex US 4
    billions

Government Procurement (regulatory
pending) Acquisition of national goods and
services with preference margin of up to 25 on
imported goods
Future Invest in biological medicines
24
Priority Programs
Clean Energy Fostering innovation in clean energy
Photovoltaics Develop the production chain until
solar grade
Wind  Should increase sevenfold by 2014 (1 GW
in 2011 to 7 GW in 2014)
  • Ethanol the new generations
  • PAISS (FINEP and BNDES partnership) R 1 bilhão
  • High value-added
  • 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation
  • Smart Grid
  • Implementation of a smart grid pilot project
  • Technical cooperation agreement with ANEEL
    National Plan for Smart Grid

25
Priority Programs
Brazilian Space Program Satellites
26
Priority Programs
The Oil and Gas Industry - Pre-Salt
Brazilian companies have been active for more
than 50 years on projects for oil and gas
industry, including production platforms
Topside
Need for participation of national companies in
the sector for performance subsea and downhole
Subsea
Downhole
Using of State purchasing power financing
innovation in an integrated manner

26
27
Science Without Borders Program
28
Landscape of the Brazilian Higher Education System
Institutions (Universities and Colleges) 2,377
Undergraduate enrolments 6.92 million
Undergraduate conclusions per year 1 million
Graduate students (MScPhD) 190,000
MSc conclusions per year 43,000
PhD conclusions per year 12,000
29
Number of Enrolments in Higher Education (only
undergraduates, includes distance education)
2001-2010
6.379.299
Fonte MEC / Inep
30
National Development Strategy
  • Invest in people development of skills and
    competences needed to the full insertion in the
    knowledge-based economy
  • Focus on the national strategic challenges
  • Engineering and other technological areas
  • Strategic areas
  • Promotion of industrial R,DI

31
  • Boost Brazilian science, technology, innovation
    and competitiveness through the expansion of
    international mobility. (100.000 fellowships in 4
    years)
  • Increase the presence of Brazilian researchers
    and students of various levels in institutions of
    excellence overseasBrazilian institutions will
    open similar opportunities for foreign scientists
    and students
  • Increase the innovative expertise of personnel
    from the technological industries
  • Attract young scientific talents and highly
    qualified researchers to work in Brazil.

32
Priority Areas
  • Engineering and other technological areas
  • Natural Sciences
  • Health and Biomedical Sciences
  • Computing and Information Technology
  • Aerospace
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Sustainable Agricultural Production
  • Oil and gas
  • Nuclear Energy
  • Renewable Energy
  • Minerals
  • Biotechnology
  • Nanotechnology and New Materials
  • Technology for prevention and mitigation of
    natural disasters
  • Biodiversity and bioprospection
  • Marine Sciences
  • Technologies for the green economy
  • New technologies for constructive engineering
  • Capacity building for technical personnel.

33
Modalities of Fellowships and Targets
Sandwich - Undergraduate 64,000
Sandwich PhD 15,000
Full PhD abroad 4,500
Post-Doctoral Fellowship abroad 6,440
Fellowships for industrial scientists and engineers 7,060
Young talents to Brazil 2,000
Visiting Leading Scientists to Brazil 2,000
Total 101.000
Govenment 75,000
Private sector 26,000
34
  • 41,133 Fellowships awarded until May/2013

35
Thank you
Mariano Francisco Laplane presidencia_at_cgee.org.br
http//www.cgee.org.br/
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