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Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness in Higher Education

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2003 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness in Higher Education Bianey Ruiz, MBA, MSIE ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness in Higher Education


1
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
2003 American Society for Engineering Education
Annual Conference
  • Bianey Ruiz, MBA, MSIE Doctoral Candidate
  • Stephanie G. Adams, PhD
  • University of Nebraska - Lincoln

June, 2003
2
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Agenda
  • Background
  • The research question
  • Variables
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Conclusions

3
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Background
  • Businesses pointing to teamwork as an important
    tool for corporate success.
  • Accreditation institutions (ABET, AECC) are
    requiring teamwork activities into higher
    education curriculum.

4
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Factors affecting the dynamic of teaming in the
    classroom
  • Method of instruction
  • Students preference for teaching methods
  • Learning styles
  • Grades as team reward
  • Team composition
  • Team longevity
  • Attitude toward teamwork

5
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Negative experiences are discouraging students
    and teachers to incorporate teams into the
    classroom
  • They recognize the necessity of teamwork for
    improving interpersonal skills, but they still
    prefer individual work when the goal is achieving
    good performance

6
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Characteristics for team to become effective
  • Common purpose
  • Clearly defined goals
  • Role clarity
  • Psychological safety (trust)
  • Mature communication
  • Productive conflict resolution
  • Accountable interdependence

(Adams, Simon and Ruiz, 2001)
7
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Research question
  • Does the presence of successful team
    characteristics produce a positive attitude
    towards teamwork in students?
  • Purpose of the study
  • Determine the relationship between the
    characteristics that make a team successful and
    student attitudes toward team work.

8
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Variables
  • Attitude toward teamwork
  • Common purpose
  • Clearly defined goals
  • Mature communication
  • Accountable interdependence
  • Role clarity
  • Psychological safety (trust)
  • Productive conflict resolution

9
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Methodology
  • Sample of 188 engineering students registered in
    senior design classes
  • Team Effectiveness Questionnaire administered at
    the end of the Spring semester 2002

10
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Results
  • Male 84 Female 16
  • Age 65 (22 24 years old)
  • Years in college 40 (4 5 years)
  • White/Caucasian 90

11
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
Table 1 Pearson Correlations ()
Pearson Correlations ()
() All correlations significant at the 0.001
level.
12
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
Regression Analysis Summary
Dependent variable attitude
plt .05
13
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
Multiple Regression Coefficients
14
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
Regression Analysis Summary
Dependent variable attitude
plt.05
15
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
Multiple Regression Coefficients
16
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Predictors of attitude
  • Mature communication
  • Accountable interdependence
  • Psychological safety
  • Common purpose
  • Role clarity

17
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • Conclusions
  • Attitude towards teamwork is highly related to
    each of the seven characteristics of effective
    teams
  • Mature communication, accountable
    interdependence, psychological safety, common
    purpose, role clarity are going to contribute to
    and support a better attitude towards working in
    teams.

18
Attitudes Toward Teamwork and Team Effectiveness
in Higher Education
  • 2003 American Society for Engineering Education
  • Annual Conference
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