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Department of Criminal Justice

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... Demonology Supernatural forces Religion and the role of Church Classical School of Criminology Cesare Beccaria ... Positive/negative ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Department of Criminal Justice


1
  • Department of Criminal Justice
  • California State University - Bakersfield
  • CRJU 477
  • Terrorism Theory
  • Dr. Abu-Lughod, Reem Ali
  • Theoretical Perspectives

2
  • Intro
  • Demonology
  • Supernatural forces
  • Religion and the role of Church
  • Classical School of Criminology
  • Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham
  • Free will
  • Severity of punishment
  • The cause of crime

3
  • Bentham
  • utilitarianism theory
  • Views on pain and pleasure
  • 4 factors to be considered duration, intensity,
    certainty/uncertainty, propinquity or remoteness

4
  • Todays shift to focus on policies ands social
    circumstances
  • The transition to the Positivist School of
    Criminology
  • Going beyond free will
  • The Biological School Cesare Lombroso
  • Modern day perspectives

5
  • SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES OF CRIME
  • The environment?
  • The micro vs. macro structure

6
  • The Chicago School
  • Shaw and McKay
  • Social disorganization
  • deteriorated neighborhoods, economically
    disadvantaged, weak social norms

7
  • Differential Association Theory
  • Edwin Sutherland (1883-1950)
  • Association with others, but how does it take
    place?
  • Differential Association and Behaviorism
  • Aker borrowed from Sutherland and incorporated
    behavior
  • Operant conditioning
  • Positive/negative reinforcement
  • Modeling others

8
  • Strain Theory
  • Robert Merton
  • Influenced by Emile Durkheim
  • Anomie and normlessness
  • Merton (unequal access to attain goals in
    society). SO WHAT?
  • 5 modes of adaptation

9
  • Neutralization Theory
  • Justification of behavior
  • Sykes and Matzas 5 techniques (denial)
  • The Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud
  • Id, Ego, Superego

10
  • Critical Sociological Theories of Crime
  • Addressing different issues of crime
  • Critical Theory social justice as a legitimate
    end
  • Distribution of power in society
  • How power reflect the role of the CJ system
  • conflict or radical

11
  • Marxism
  • Karl Marx (1818-1883)
  • Social Theorist communism reflection
  • Marxs critique of capitalism and its impact on
    social justice

12
  • Argued (after studying capitalism system in
    Europe) that owners of means of production paid
    workers poorly and used government to pass laws
    that prevented reform
  • One with econ power controlled system
  • Institutions (churches, schools, etc) under
    control of owner class
  • false consciousness

13
  • Solution in response to false consciousness
  • Social class and power in society corporate
    versus street crimes
  • GENDER AND JUSTICE
  • Male versus female subjects
  • Feminist movements in 1960s
  • FEMINISM/FEMINIST views

14
  • Curran Renzetti identify 3 ways crime can be
    perceived from feminist views
  • 1. LIBERAL FEMINISM and criminology
  • 2 issues 1) power for accomplishment versus
    gender
  • 2) behavioral approaches among men and
    women
  • The opportunity for women to commit crime
  • 2. RADICAL FEMINIST crim
  • Sexism in a patriarchal society
  • Are we addressing their concerns?

15
  • 3. SOCIALIST FEM crim
  • Social class and gender as a disadvantaged status
  • Social control as a reason for deviance and
    violence
  • Feminist perspective as a social movement
  • INTEGRATED T
  • Bridging together different T and disciplines
  • Possible research designs
  • Social context within which crime exists
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