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The European Neighbourhood Policy

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Title: The European Neighbourhood Policy


1
The European Neighbourhood Policy
  • March 2005
  • Alexis Loeber

2
Enlargement is changing the European neighbourhood
  • EUs 5th Enlargement (2004 / 2007) is changing
    political geography of Europe
  • EU 25 now has 450 Mio citizens
  • EU gains new borders
  • New opportunities new challenges
  • Need for greater engagement with neighbours East
    South

3
European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Principles
  • ENP is not about enlargement
  • ENP opens doors it does not close any
  • ENP does not replace contractual framework it
    builds on the existing PCA

4
What is ENP?
  • A specific policy for the new neighbours of the
    enlarged EU
  • ENP addresses neighbours in the East, the
    Mediterranean, and the Southern Caucasus
  • but not countries with an accession perspective
    (Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Croatia )

5
The EU and its partners
6
ENP partner countries
  • Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus
  • Russian Federation Strategic Partnership
    through the creation of four common spaces
  • Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
  • Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestinian Authority,
    Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco

7
European Neighbourhood Policy
Vision Ring of friends, sharing the EU's
fundamental values and objectives, drawn into an
increasingly close relationship, going beyond
co-operation to involve a significant measure of
economic and political integration
8
European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Mutual commitment to common values
  • Rule of law
  • Good governance
  • Respect for human rights
  • The promotion of good neighbourly relations
  • Principles of market economy
  • Sustainable development

9
European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Method
  • Reinvigorate existing relations
  • Selectively use experience from the enlargement
    process
  • Gradual alignment with acquis

10
European Neighbourhood Policy
  • In June 2004, Armenia (with Azerbaijan and
    Georgia) included in the ENP
  • Commission was invited to report on progress
    made. Result
  • Country Report, presenting
  • Progress under the existing Partnership and
    Co-operation Agreement
  • Development democracy, the rule of law, human
    rights
  • Regional stability and co-operation in justice
    and home affairs
  • Economic and social reforms
  • Further liberalisation of trade
  • Gradual participation in the Internal Market

11
European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Based on Country Report for Armenia
  • European Commission recommends intensification
    of relations
  • Development of an Action Plan
  • ENP goes beyond Partnership and Co operation
    Agreement
  • Significant degree of economic integration
  • Deepening of political cooperation
  • It is now for the Council of Ministers to decide

12
European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Action Plans
  • Key operational instrument
  • Country-specific, tailor-made political documents
  • Jointly defined priorities for political and
    economic reforms
  • Short medium term priorities
  • Guidance for assistance programming

13
European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Armenia Commission recommends Action Plan which
    should include
  • Strengthening the rule of law, of democratic
    structures and pluralism
  • Strengthening respect for human rights and
    fundamental freedoms
  • Improvements in the business climate as well as
    public sector modernisation
  • Further efforts to tackle corruption and fraud
  • Reform of tax and customs administrations and
    legislation
  • Progress in poverty reduction
  • Progress on sustainable development and
    environmental protection
  • The decommissioning of the Medzamor Nuclear Power
    Plant
  • Progress towards conflict resolution and
    enhanced regional cooperation.
  • It is for the Council of Ministers to decide

14
Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
  • Objectives
  • progressive economic integration and deeper
    political cooperation
  • address opportunities and challenges of EU /
    neighbour proximity

15
Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
  • 2000-2006 TACIS 3,1bn
  • 2007-2013¬†¬†European Neighbourhood Partnership
    Instrument (ENPI) - policy-driven instrument
    covering (all) assistance to partners with
    simplified approach for cross-border
    co-operation, 14,93bn

16
European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Conclusions
  • ENP is ambitious offer for new political
    framework for relations with neighbours
  • ENP is of mutual, long-term interest
  • ENP is an EU priority
  • EU offers considerable financial and technical
    assistance

17
ENP More information
  • Dedicated web site on Europa server under
    Commission International Affairs
  • http//europa.eu.int/comm/world/enp/index_en.htm
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