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The European Neighbourhood Policy


The European Neighbourhood Policy March 2005 Alexis Loeber Enlargement is changing the European neighbourhood EU s 5th Enlargement (2004 / 2007) is changing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The European Neighbourhood Policy

The European Neighbourhood Policy
  • March 2005
  • Alexis Loeber

Enlargement is changing the European neighbourhood
  • EUs 5th Enlargement (2004 / 2007) is changing
    political geography of Europe
  • EU 25 now has 450 Mio citizens
  • EU gains new borders
  • New opportunities new challenges
  • Need for greater engagement with neighbours East

European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Principles
  • ENP is not about enlargement
  • ENP opens doors it does not close any
  • ENP does not replace contractual framework it
    builds on the existing PCA

What is ENP?
  • A specific policy for the new neighbours of the
    enlarged EU
  • ENP addresses neighbours in the East, the
    Mediterranean, and the Southern Caucasus
  • but not countries with an accession perspective
    (Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Croatia )

The EU and its partners
ENP partner countries
  • Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus
  • Russian Federation Strategic Partnership
    through the creation of four common spaces
  • Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
  • Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestinian Authority,
    Jordan, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco

European Neighbourhood Policy
Vision Ring of friends, sharing the EU's
fundamental values and objectives, drawn into an
increasingly close relationship, going beyond
co-operation to involve a significant measure of
economic and political integration
European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Mutual commitment to common values
  • Rule of law
  • Good governance
  • Respect for human rights
  • The promotion of good neighbourly relations
  • Principles of market economy
  • Sustainable development

European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Method
  • Reinvigorate existing relations
  • Selectively use experience from the enlargement
  • Gradual alignment with acquis

European Neighbourhood Policy
  • In June 2004, Armenia (with Azerbaijan and
    Georgia) included in the ENP
  • Commission was invited to report on progress
    made. Result
  • Country Report, presenting
  • Progress under the existing Partnership and
    Co-operation Agreement
  • Development democracy, the rule of law, human
  • Regional stability and co-operation in justice
    and home affairs
  • Economic and social reforms
  • Further liberalisation of trade
  • Gradual participation in the Internal Market

European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Based on Country Report for Armenia
  • European Commission recommends intensification
    of relations
  • Development of an Action Plan
  • ENP goes beyond Partnership and Co operation
  • Significant degree of economic integration
  • Deepening of political cooperation
  • It is now for the Council of Ministers to decide

European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Action Plans
  • Key operational instrument
  • Country-specific, tailor-made political documents
  • Jointly defined priorities for political and
    economic reforms
  • Short medium term priorities
  • Guidance for assistance programming

European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Armenia Commission recommends Action Plan which
    should include
  • Strengthening the rule of law, of democratic
    structures and pluralism
  • Strengthening respect for human rights and
    fundamental freedoms
  • Improvements in the business climate as well as
    public sector modernisation
  • Further efforts to tackle corruption and fraud
  • Reform of tax and customs administrations and
  • Progress in poverty reduction
  • Progress on sustainable development and
    environmental protection
  • The decommissioning of the Medzamor Nuclear Power
  • Progress towards conflict resolution and
    enhanced regional cooperation.
  • It is for the Council of Ministers to decide

Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
  • Objectives
  • progressive economic integration and deeper
    political cooperation
  • address opportunities and challenges of EU /
    neighbour proximity

Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
  • 2000-2006 TACIS 3,1bn
  • 2007-2013¬†¬†European Neighbourhood Partnership
    Instrument (ENPI) - policy-driven instrument
    covering (all) assistance to partners with
    simplified approach for cross-border
    co-operation, 14,93bn

European Neighbourhood Policy
  • Conclusions
  • ENP is ambitious offer for new political
    framework for relations with neighbours
  • ENP is of mutual, long-term interest
  • ENP is an EU priority
  • EU offers considerable financial and technical

ENP More information
  • Dedicated web site on Europa server under
    Commission International Affairs
  • http//
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