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INTRODUCTION TO REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY

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INTRODUCTION TO REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY ... analysis of political phenomena and processes POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY A politically organized territory Administered by a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INTRODUCTION TO REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY


1
  • INTRODUCTION TO REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY

E.J. PALKA
2
OUTLINE
  • Geography The discipline
  • Geographic Realms
  • Transition Zones
  • Regions
  • Physical Setting

3
GEOGRAPHY
  • The study of place and space. The word,
    spatial is a purely Geographical concept. Does
    NOT refer to outer space.
  • Divided into Physical Human. Studies human
    activity, the natural environment, and the
    relationship between the two.
  • Studies the location and distribution of features
    on the Earths surface. Answers where and why
  • Why is Timbuktu where it is, and why did the
    settlement evolve on this site? (see handouts)

4
GEOGRAPHIC REALMS
Realms are based on Spatial Criteria
  • The largest geographic units into which the
    inhabited world can be divided
  • Based on both physical (natural) and human
    (cultural) criteria

5
WORLD GEOGRAPHIC REALMS
  • Geographic realms change over time.
  • Where geographic realms meet, transition zones,
    not sharp boundaries, mark their contacts.

6
TRANSITION ZONES
  • An area of spatial change where peripheries of
    two adjacent realms or regions join
  • Marked by a gradual shift (rather than a sharp
    break) in the characteristics that distinguish
    neighboring realms

7
GEOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATION
CONCEPT OF SCALE
The World
Realms
Regions
8
REGION
  • Marked by a certain degree of homogeneity
    (sameness) in one or more phenomena. In other
    words, areas of similar characteristics.
  • Also called a uniform region or homogeneous region

Examples Corn Belt Megalopolis
9
REGIONS
  • Scientific devices that enable us to make spatial
    generalizations
  • Based on criteria we establish
  • Criteria can be
  • Human (cultural) properties
  • Physical (natural) characteristics
  • or Both

10
REGIONS
  • All regions have
  • Area
  • Boundaries
  • Location

11
THE PHYSICAL SETTING
  • Physical Geography
  • Alfred Wegner
  • Tectonic plates
  • Continental drift
  • Pacific Ring of fire

12
CLIMATE
  • Hydrologic cycle
  • Precipitation patterns
  • Climate regions

13
CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY
  • A wide-ranging and comprehensive field that
    studies spatial aspects of human cultures
  • Culture Shared patterns of learned behavior
  • Components Beliefs Institutions and Technology

14
CULTURAL LANDSCAPE
  • The composite of human imprints on the earths
    surface.
  • Carl Sauers definition the forms superimposed
    on the physical landscape by the activities of
    man

15
CULTURAL LANDSCAPE
16
CULTURE HEARTH
  • The source areas from which radiated ideas,
    innovations, and ideologies that change the world
    beyond

17
POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY
  • A subfield within the human branch of geography
  • The study of the interaction of geographical area
    and political process
  • The spatial analysis of political phenomena and
    processes

18
STATE
  • A politically organized territory
  • Administered by a sovereign government
  • Recognized by a significant portion of the
    international community.
  • A state must also contain
  • a permanent resident population
  • an organized economy
  • a functioning internal circulation system

19
NATION
Must a nation be a place?
  • Some examples of stateless nations the Cherokee
    Nation, the Palestinians, the Kurds (see next
    slide).

20
KURDISH REGION
THE KURDS
21
POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
  • 4 major clusters
  • 1) East Asia 2) South Asia
  • 3) Europe 4) Eastern North America

22
PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENT
  • Economic geography Core areas vs. peripheries
  • Economic conditions (World Banks groupings)

23
PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENT
24
THE GEOGRAPHERS PERSPECTIVE
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