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The Path Forward: Green Chemistry and Chemicals Policy Reform

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The Path Forward: Green Chemistry and Chemicals Policy Reform Ken Zarker, Manager Pollution Prevention & Regulatory Assistance Section ken.zarker_at_ecy.wa.gov – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Path Forward: Green Chemistry and Chemicals Policy Reform


1
The Path Forward Green Chemistry and Chemicals
Policy Reform

Ken Zarker, Manager Pollution Prevention
Regulatory Assistance Section ken.zarker_at_ecy.wa.go
v Spokane River Forum March 27, 2013
2
Sound Chemical Management Strategies
Products
Materials
Production Processes
Wastes
Source Ken Geiser, Ph.D. Professor of Work
Environment University of Massachusetts Lowell
3
Sound Chemical Management Strategies Waste
Management Pollution Control
Products
Materials
Production Processes
Wastes
Command and Control Regulations 1970s to 1980s
4
Sound Chemical Management Strategies Pollution
Prevention Cleaner Production
Products
Materials
Production Processes
Wastes
Clean Production Audits Facility Planning and
Technical Assistance 1980s-1990s
5
Sound Chemical Management Strategies Safer
Product Policy Chemicals Policy
Products
Materials
Production Processes
Wastes
Design for Environment Life Cycle Assessment and
Alternatives Assessment 2000s
6
Sound Chemical Management Strategies Green
Chemistry
Products
Materials
Production Processes
Wastes
Chemical Design
7
Growing the Green Economy through Green Chemistry
  • Green chemistry is the utilization of a set of
  • principles that reduces or eliminates the use
  • or generation of hazardous substances in the
  • design, manufacture and application of
  • chemical products.
  • Paul Anastas and John Warner, Green Chemistry
  • Theory and Practice, 1998

8
12 Principles of Green Chemistry
  • 1. Prevent waste rather than treat it or clean it
    up.
  •  
  • 2. Incorporate all materials used in the
    manufacturing process into the final product. 
  • 3. Design synthetic methods to use and generate
    substances with little or no toxicity to people
    and the environment.
  •  
  • 4. Design chemical products to be effective, but
    to have little or no toxicity.
  •  
  • 5. Avoid the use of harmful solvents and
    auxiliary substances.
  •  
  • 6. Minimize energy requirements and conduct
    processes at ambient temperature and pressure.

9
12 Principles of Green Chemisty
  • 7. Use renewable feedstocks. 
  • 8. Avoid the use of chemical intermediates to
    reduce waste. 
  • 9. Use catalysts that carry out a reaction many
    times instead of less efficient reagents. 
  • 10. Use chemicals that readily break down into
    innocuous substances in the environment.  
  • 11. Use in-process real-time monitoring and
    control to avoid or reduce the formation of
    hazardous substances.
  • 12. Use chemicals with low risk for accidents,
    explosions, fires, and releases.

10
NIKE GREEN CHEMISTRY
FILTER CHEMICALS
EVALUATE HAZARDS
PRIORITIZE THE LIST
INNOVATE PRODUCT PROCESS
considered chemistry
EVALUATE EXPOSURE
Source Nike, Inc., Used by Permission
11
TRADITIONAL RUBBER
ENVIRONMENTALLY PREFERRED RUBBER
Number of Red Chemicals 5
Number of Red Chemicals 1
considered chemistry
TOXICS REDUCTION EPR
Red Chemicals by weight 12
Red Chemicals by weight 1
REDUCED TOXICS 96 BY WEIGHT
Source Nike, Inc., Used by Permission
12
  • Question
  • How can the Spokane River Forum promote green
    chemistry?

13
  • Growth of State Green Chemistry Programs
  • Michigan establishes Green Chemistry
    Strategy
  • California launches Green Chemistry
    Initiative
  • Minnesota, New England
  • Oregon Executive Order
  • Washington Green Chemistry Center EPA
    Green Chemistry Centers (2 molecular design 2
    chemical life-cycle

14
Californias Green Chemistry Initiative
  • 2007---Department of Toxic Substances Control
    launches the state Green Chemical Initiative
  • Six Objectives
  • Expand Pollution Prevention
  • Develop Education and Training, Research and
    Development and Technology Transfer
  • Create an On-Line Product Ingredient Network
  • Create an On-Line Toxics Clearinghouse
  • Accelerate the Quest for Safer Products
  • Move Towards a Cradle to Cradle Economy

15
  • California Green Chemistry Initiative
  • Two bills enacted in 2008
  • AB 1879 creates a process of identifying and
    prioritizing
  • chemicals of high concern and a process for
    regulating them where there are safer
    alternatives
  • SB 509 requires the establishment of a public
    Toxic Chemicals Clearinghouse
  • Established a California Wiki tool for public
    input
  • Established a Science Panel for advice

16
Green Chemistry for Michigan
  • 2005 Governor Granholm Executive Order on Green
    Chemistry
  • 2007 Michigan DEP commences first Stakeholder
    Meeting on Green
    Chemistry
  • 2008 Lowell Center contracted to prepare
    Policy Study on Green Chemistry
  • Building Awareness
  • Building the Program
  • Building the Future
  • Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
    adopts a three phase Action Plan and sets aside
    1 million for implementation

17
Governor Kitzhaber, Oregon April 2012 EXECUTIVE
ORDER NO. 12 - 05 FOSTERING ENVIRONMENTALLY-FRIEN
DLY PURCHASING AND PRODUCT DESIGN
  • Build Awareness for Green Chemistry
  • Environmental Preferable Purchasing Reforms
  • Oregon Interagency Toxic Chemical and Pollutant
    Reduction Strategy
  • Identify at least two industries in Oregon where
    green chemistry should be applied to reduce the
    use and generation of chemicals of concern.

18
  • Washington State Green Chemistry Roadmap-
    Framework Document
  • Green Chemistry Awareness and Outreach
  • Advancing Green Chemistry Education
  • Driving Safer Product Innovation through Tools
    and Information
  • Incentivizing Green Chemistry Through Supply
    Chains
  • Accelerating Economic development New
    Collaborations
  • Harmonizing Policy and Regulatory Frameworks
  • Emerging Technology Green Nanotechnology

Washington State Green Chemistry Roundtable
19
  • WA State Green Chemistry Innovation
  • Green Chemistry Roadmap
  • Green Chemistry Center
  • Green Chemistry Research Projects
  • Better Brakes
  • Roofing Assessment
  • PCBs in Inks/Dyes Pigments
  • Educational Network Project

20
Prospects for TSCA Reform Safe Chemicals Act of
2011 (S. 847)
Senator Frank Lautenberg
21
TSCA Reform Key Issues for States
  • Preserve states ability to protect public
    health and the environment.
  • Require minimum data for all chemicals and
    require manufacturers to show that chemicals meet
    safety standards.
  • Require EPA to define criteria for safer
    alternatives using a hazard and risk-based
    approach that considers the entire chemical life
    cycle, and encourage use of safer alternatives
    through market incentives and other means.

22
TSCA Reform Key Issues for States
  • Give EPA authority to take immediate action to
    reduce threats from the most harmful chemicals,
    especially Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic
    chemicals (PBTs), including chemical bans where
    needed.
  • Reward innovation and help safer chemicals and
    alternatives get to the market place faster.
  • Share information and coordinate between state
    and federal programs to maximize use of resources
    and ensure a predictable regulatory environment
    for all stakeholders.

23
  • States Leadership on TSCA Reform
  • States Legislation
  • States Principles on TSCA Reform (2009)
  • Environmental Council of the States Resolution
    (2010)
  • Congressional Testimony (2011)
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