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Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit Somalia

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Post Deyr 10/11 Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit Somalia Information for Better Livelihoods January 24th 2011 Integrated Nutrition Situation Analysis – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit Somalia


1
Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit Somalia
Post Deyr 10/11
Information for Better Livelihoods
January 24th 2011
Integrated Nutrition Situation Analysis Bay
Bakool Regions
2
Main Livelihood Groups
  • Bay Region
  • 2 Agropastoral Livelihoods (Bay Agropastoral
  • High Potential and, Bay-Bakool Agropastoral Low
    Potential)
  • Primary sources of income of poor
    self-employment, employment, sale of livestock
    livestock products and sale of crops.
  • Primary sources of food of poor own production
    and food purchase
  • Primary livelihood asset of poor cattle,
    sheep/goats

3
Main Livelihood Zones
  • Bakool Region
  • 1. Pastoral Livelihood (Southern Inland
    Pastoral)
  • Primary income sources of poor sale of livestock
    livestock products
  • Primary food sources of poor food purchase
  • Primary livelihood assets of poor camel,
    sheep/goat and cattle
  • 2. Agropastoral Livelihoods (Bay-Bakool
    Agropastoral Low Potential and Bakool
    Agropastoral)
  • Bay-Bakool Agropastoral Main sources of income
    the combination of agricultural labour,
    self-employment (firewood, charcoal and lime) and
    sale of livestock livestock products. Main
    sources of food own production (crop and
    livestock products) and purchase.
  • Bakool Agropastoral is predominantly pastoral.
    Main sources of income livestock and livestock
    product sales, self-employment (bush products)
    and agricultural labour. Main sources of food
    purchase and own production.

4
Bay Agro-pastoral Livelihood Zone, Summary of
Findings
Outcome indicators
Outcome indicators Deyr09/10 (N592) Gu10 (N1430) Deyr 10/ 11 (N1769)
Child Nutrition status
GAM (WHZlt-2 or oedema) 21.7(15.6-27.9) NA NA
SAM (WHZlt-3 or oedema) 6.9(3.4-10.4) NA NA
Oedema 0.5(0.0-1.0) NA NA
MUAC (lt12.5 cm or oedema) 4.8(2. 5-7.1) 15.7 18.4
Severe MUAC (lt11.5 cm or oedema) NA 3.5 4.4
Stunting (HAZlt-2) 36.8(31.7-41.8) N/A NA
HIS Nutrition Trends High levels and decreasing trend High levels (.gt30) and stable trends (Jan-Jun10) High levels (.gt 40) and increasing trends (July-Nov11)
TFPs/SFPs Admission trends High numbers with increasing trend of SFP admissions High numbers with increasing trends of SFP admission High numbers with increasing trends of SFP admission
Crude death Rate/10,000/day (90days) 0.57 (0.33-0.99) NA NA
Under 5 death Rate/10,000/day (90days) 0.68 (0.17-2.60 NA NA
OVERALL NUTRITION SITUATION Very critical Likely to be Very critical Likely to be Very critical
Child Morbidity, Immunization, IYCF NA NA
Disease Oubreaks Morbidity based on 2wk recall No outbreak with seasonal norms Morbidity 28.2 RDT positive2.1 No outbreak No outbreak
Immunization status/Vit. A Vitamin A37.7 Measles 35.3 NA NA
Children eating from lt4 fdgps NA NA NA
Children meeting min. feeding freq. 9.3 NA NA
Public Health Indicators Gender N370 NA NA
Households (HH) hosting IDPs NA NA
Households (HH) accessing safe water 10.2 NA NA
HH accessing sanitation facilities 15.0 NA NA
HH accessing health facilities 19.3 -
Relation between GAM child sex Relation between GAM sex of hh head Insignificant Insignificant NA NA NA NA

Food Security Phase Proportion of hh consuming lt4 fd gps BFI/AFLC X BFI/AFLC BFI
OVERALL RISK TO DETERIORATION POTENTIAL TO DETERIORATE POTENTIAL TO DETERIORATE POTENTIAL TO DETERIORATE
5
POST DEYR 10/11
6
POST DEYR 10/11
7
POST DEYR 10/11
8
Bakool Agropastoral Livelihood Zone, Summary of
Findings
Outcome indicators
Outcome indicators Deyr09/10, N251 Gu10, N1100 Deyr 10/11, N1100
Child Nutrition status
GAM (WHZlt-2 or oedema) 13.5 (Pr90) 21.7 NA
SAM (WHZlt-3 or oedema) 4.0 (Pr 0.90 ) 4.9 NA
Oedema 0.2 NA NA
MUAC (lt12.5 cm or oedema) 8.15.7 (3.1-8.2) 15.1 16.7
Severe MUAC (lt11.5 cm or oedema) NA 4,2 3.6
Stunting (HAZlt-2) 19.7(14.6-24.7) NA NA
HIS Nutrition Trends High (gt20) increasing trend (Jul-Dec09) High level (gt20) and increasing trends High level (gt50) and increasing trends
TFPs/SFPs Admission trends High increasing trend at OTP (Apr-May) NA NA
Crude death Rate/10,000/day (90days) NA NA NA
Under 5 death Rate/10,000/day (90days) NA NA
OVERALL NUTRITION SITUATION Serious Likely to be Very Critical Likely to be Very Critical
Child Morbidity, Immunization, IYCF NA NA
Disease Oubreaks Morbidity based on 2wk recall No outbreak Morbidity 46.3 Whooping cough outbreak in Huddur Rabdure and Tieglow districts and measles cases in Tieglow. Whooping cough and measles in Huddur Rabdure and Tieglow 37
Immunization status/Vit. A Measles 44.5 Vit. A 40.4 CHD conducted
Children eating from lt4 fdgps X NA NA
Children meeting min. feeding freq. X NA NA
Public Health Indicators Gender N478 N116
Households hosting IDPs NA NA NA
Households access safe water 20.7 NA NA
HH accessing sanitation facilities 48.7 NA NA
HH accessing health facilities 37.1 NA NA
Relation between GAM child sex Relation between GAM sex of hh head Significant Insignificant NA NA

Food Security Phase Proportion of hh consuming lt4 fd gps BFI/AFLC 9.2 BFI AFLC
OVERALL RISK TO DETERIORATION POTENTIAL TO IMPROVE POTENTIAL TO DETERIORATE POTENTIAL TO DETERIORATE
9
POST DEYR 10/11
10
POST DEYR 10/11
11
(No Transcript)
12
Number of morbidity cases in Bakool
Agro-pastoral GTZ Deyr10/11
POST DEYR 10/11
13
Bakool Pastoral Livelihood Zone, Summary of
findings
Outcome indicators
Outcome indicators Deyr09/10 (N247) Gu10 (N1100) Deyr 10/11 (N 1100)
Child Nutrition status
GAM (WHZlt-2 or oedema) 29.2 (Pr0.90) NA NA
SAM (WHZlt-3 or oedema) 4.7 (Pr 0.90 ) NA NA
Oedema 0.0 Acceptable NA NA
MUAC (lt12.5 cm or oedema) 14.9 (35.6-46.5) 22.7 23.5
Severe MUAC (lt11.5 cm or oedema) NA 4.9 3.4
Stunting (HAZlt-2) 19.7(14.6-24.7) NA NA
HIS Nutrition Trends High (gt20) increasing trend (Jul-Dec09) High( 20) and increasing trend
TFPs/SFPs Admission trends High increasing trend at OTP (Apr-May) NA NA
Crude death Rate/10,000/day (90days) NA NA NA
Under 5 death Rate/10,000/day (90days) NA NA NA
OVERALL NUTRITION SITUATION Very Critical Likely to be Very Critical Likely to be Very Critical
Child Morbidity, Immunization, IYCF
Disease Oubreaks Morbidity based on 2wk recall No outbreak Morbidity 46.3 No outbreaks with seasonal norms
Immunization status/Vit. A Measles 44.5 Vit. A 40.4 NA NA
Children eating from lt4 fdgps X Poor dietary diversity
Children meeting min. feeding freq. X NA NA
Public Health Indicators Gender N478
Households hosting IDPs NA NA NA
Households access safe water 1.0 NA NA
HH accessing sanitation facilities 13.5 NA NA
HH accessing health facilities NA NA
Relation between GAM child sex Relation between GAM sex of hh head insignificant Insignificant NA NA NA NA
Food Security Phase Proportion of hh consuming lt4 fd gps BFI/AFLC 9.2 AFLC/HE HE
OVERALL RISK TO DETERIORATION POTENTIAL TO DETERIORATE POTENTIAL TO DETERIORATE POTENTIAL TO DETERIORATE
14
NutritionKey Driving Factors
  • Aggravating factors
  • Low immunization and supplementation status
  • Disease outbreak e.g. whooping cough and measles
  • Lack of income opportunities for poor households
  • Insecurity both Bay and Bakool especially
    Rabdhure and Elberde district
  • Poor sanitation and clean water and sub-optimal
    infant feeding practices ,
  • Morbidity levels increased seasonal diseases,
    intestinal parasite, ARI, suspected malaria and
    Diarrhoea WHO reported 64 cases of AWD in Baidoa
    hospital COOPI. In October WHO reported 183 cases
    suspected measles 18 of them from Bay region
  • SFP/OTP the number of feeding centres reduced
    due to insecurity.
  • Reduced humanitarian interventions in health,
    water, sanitation programs, income generation
    activities, education and food aid programmes.
  • Food insecurity due to poor Deyr rains.
  • Mitigating Factors
  • Social support
  • Income from charcoal burning in the Jubas (short
    term benefits)
  • Access to health care service in Dinsor, Huddur
    and Rabdure in terms of SFP by GTZ and OTP from
    ACF

POST DEYR 10/11
15
Nutrition Situation Estimates - Bay Bakool
Regional Maps
Gu 10 Nutrition Situation
Deyr10/11 Nutrition Situation
POST DEYR 10/11
16
  • The End
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