An Executive Development Program World Maritime University Malmo INTERTANKO The Tanker Owners Perspective Port State Control 19th October 2007. Capt Howard Snaith Director, Marine, Ports Terminal Environmental - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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An Executive Development Program World Maritime University Malmo INTERTANKO The Tanker Owners Perspective Port State Control 19th October 2007. Capt Howard Snaith Director, Marine, Ports Terminal Environmental

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Title: An Executive Development Program World Maritime University Malmo INTERTANKO The Tanker Owners Perspective Port State Control 19th October 2007. Capt Howard Snaith Director, Marine, Ports Terminal Environmental


1
An Executive Development Program World
Maritime UniversityMalmoINTERTANKOThe Tanker
Owners PerspectivePort State Control19th
October 2007.Capt Howard SnaithDirector,
Marine, Ports Terminal Environmental Chemical
Section
2
Anti-Trust/Competition Law Compliance Statement
  • INTERTANKOs policy is to be firmly committed to
    maintaining a fair and competitive environment in
    the world tanker trade, and to adhering to all
    applicable laws which regulate INTERTANKOs and
    its members activities in these markets. These
    laws include the anti-trust/competition laws
    which the United States, the European Union and
    many nations of the world have adopted to
    preserve the free enterprise system, promote
    competition and protect the public from
    monopolistic and other restrictive trade
    practices. INTERTANKOs activities will be
    conducted in compliance with its
    Anti-trust/Competition Law Guidelines.

3
Summary of Today's Lecture
  • 1345 1515
  • 1. Introduction to INTERTANKO
  • 2. Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
  • Common Goals Good Practice
  • 1515-1530 Coffee Break
  • 1530 1700
  • 3. Optimal Effective PSC
  • How to Improve PSC performance
  • Effectiveness of PSC
  • Conclusions

4
  1. INTERTANKO
  • International Association of Independent Tanker
    Owners
  • A non-governmental organization established in
    1970 to speak authoritatively and proactively on
    behalf of tanker operators at international,
    regional, national and local level
  • Representing oil and chemical tanker owners
  • 260 Members
  • 40 countries
  • 2,650 tankers
  • 220 million dwt
  • 75 of independent tanker fleet
  • 81 of chemical tanker fleet
  • 300 Associate Members

5
1. INTERTANKO
  • MISSION
  • Provide leadership to the Tanker Industry in
    serving the world with safe, environmentally
    sound and efficient seaborne transportation of
    oil, gas and chemical products.
  • VISION for the TANKER INDUSTRY
  • A responsible, sustainable and respected Tanker
    Industry, committed to continuous improvement and
    constructively influencing its future.

6
1. INTERTANKO
  • INTERTANKO Goals
  • 1. Be the representative forum of choice for all
    quality tanker owners and managers.
  • 2. Enhance public and political awareness of the
    importance and positive performance of the tanker
    industry.
  • 3. Promote balanced terms of trade and a
    competitive, transparent and sustainable tanker
    industry.
  • 4. Lead the development, acceptance and
    implementation of uniform, worldwide
    international tanker standards
  • 5. Lead in establishing and maintaining
    partnerships, cooperation and open and
    constructive dialogue with the relevant maritime
    authorities, organizations, associations and
    special interest groups.

7
1. INTERTANKO
  • INTERTANKO Members Goals
  • Zero Detentions
  • Zero Pollution
  • Zero Fatalities

8
1. INTERTANKO
Membership criteria/Best practices
  • 1. ISM/Maintenance Requirement
  • 1.1 Entry of Tank vessels into Membership
  • 1.2 IACS Classification Societies
  • 1.3 Recognised Insurance Cover
  • 1.4 Transparency of Ownership
  • 1.5 State Owned Companies entry criterion
  • 1.6 IMO Voluntary Flag State
  • (When the IMO Voluntary Flag State audits are in
    force, INTERTANKO Members shall register their
    tankers under those flags that have
    satisfactorily completed their latest IMO
    Member State audit and have made public the
    findings and recommendations of the audit. (This
    will be a future criterion as the work on the IMO
    Flag State Audit is not sufficiently advanced
    yet. However, the Council endorsed at its
    meeting in London 10th September 2005 that a flag
    criterion be added in due course and that this
    decision should be made public)
  • 2. Best Practices
  • 2.1 Budget Resources
  • 2.2 Breaches of MARPOL
  • 2.3 Reporting Deficiencies to Class
  • 2.4 Leading Industry Performance
  • 2.5 IMO Pilotage Recommendations for Danish
    Waters
  • 2.6 Guide for Correct Entries in the Oil record
    book
  • 2.7 Right Whale Avoidance
  • 2.8 Best Practice - Cadet Berths

9
INTERTANKO Services
1. INTERTANKO
  • 25 Secretariat
  • London, Oslo, Washington Singapore
  • 14 Committees and 4 Regional Panels
  • 50 Work Items on the Agenda
  • INTERTANKO represents and promotes the interests
    of responsible oil and chemical tanker owners
    worldwide
  • and
  • provides members with technical, operational,
    legal, documentary and other support services,
    information and advice

10
1. INTERTANKO
Developing an INTERTANKO Position
INTERTANKO Position
Issue
11
Governance Structure
14 Committees 4 Regional Panels
12
1. INTERTANKO
  • Example
  • INTERTANKOs Vetting Committee
  • 20 Members
  • Provide mandate for INTERTANKO position on
    Vetting PSC issues
  • Vetting Committee Issues Work Program
  • Tanker Officer Training Standard WG (TOTS)
  • Terminal Vetting Database WG
  • Vetting Clause WG
  • TMSA Working Group
  • Detention Statistics Age WG
  • SIRE Inspector WG
  • Officer Matrix WG
  • Vetting Publication WG
  • Age of The vessel
  • ILO 180 STCW Hours of Work Rest

13
INTERTANKO Services
1. INTERTANKO
  • INTERTANKO represents and promotes the interests
    of responsible oil and chemical tanker owners
    worldwide
  • and
  • Provides members with technical, operational,
    legal, documentary and other support services,
    information and advice

14
1. INTERTANKO
INTERTANKO Services Using INTERTANKO
  • Weekly NEWS
  • www.intertanko.com
  • issue background and updates
  • port information
  • disbursements
  • reception facilities
  • terminal vetting database
  • terminal experience and information
  • Q88
  • Benchmarking databases
  • Presentations
  • Meeting possibilities
  • INTERTANKO tanker events
  • committee meetings
  • seminars
  • workshops

15
1. INTERTANKO
INTERTANKO Services Using INTERTANKO cont.
  • Advice on charter party questions
  • Aadvice on international regulations
  • Market information
  • statistics
  • world economy
  • oil market
  • tanker and chemical fleet
  • casualties and oil spills
  • Guidance and information publications
  • 50 off the purchase price of publications
  • Freight and Demurrage Information Pool
  • a database of charterers' records on settlement
    of freight and demurrage
  • receive assistance in securing payment of
    outstanding demurrage claims

16
1. INTERTANKO
Work Program Air Emission AIS - Automatic
Identification Systems - (Navigation)
Antifouling paints - (Environment)
Anti-terrorist legislation - shipowners'
liability Anti-trust/Competition Law - (Legal
and Documentary ) Average Most Probable
Discharge (AMPD) - (North American Issues)
Ballast Water Guidelines - (Ballast water )
Ballast Water Legislation - (Ballast water )
Best Management Practices for the control and
reduction of inadvertent cargo vapour emissions
from tankers - (Air Emission) Best Practise -
Cadet Berths - (Human Element) Biofuels -
(MARPOL Annex II The Revisions) Bunkering -
general - (Bunkers) Charter Party Advice -
(Legal and Documentary ) Charter Party forms -
(Legal and Documentary ) Claims of Affiliates
and under Bills of Lading clause PI cover
prejudiced - (Charter Party Advice ) Coating on
cargo tanks - (Technical ) Company Security
Officers (CSOs) guidelines on training and
certification - (Security) Compensation limits
for oil pollution - (Tanker facts) Co-operation
with pilot associations - (Pilotage) Crew Visas
- (Security) CRUCLEAN - (Technical Projects)
Crude oil densities - (Phase out) CRUMECON -
(Technical Projects) Danish Pilotage Model
Clauses - (Pilotage)
17
1. INTERTANKO
Electronic Charts - (Navigation) Emission
Trading - (Air Emission) Environmental Awareness
- (Environment) EU Ship Source Pollution
Directive litigation - (Legal and Documentary )
Fatigue - (Human Element) GHG Indexing of Ships
- an INTERTANKO Model - (Air Emission) Global
integrated shipping information (GISIS)
databaseHNS ConventionHydrogen Sulphide in
Bunkers and Crude Oil - (Bunkering - general)
Industry Reception Facilities Forum - (Reception
Facilities) Inter-Industry Group reports to the
IMO on human factors - Regarding Inert
GasInternational best Practices Maritime
Pilotage - (Pilotage) Bunkering Guide - (SECA)
Chartering Publications - (Legal and Documentary
) MARPOL Annex II VOCON Operational Procedure -
(Air Emission) ) INTERTANKOs Freight and
Demurrage Information Pool - (Legal and
Documentary ) - (Oil Spill Liability and
Compensation) Joint War Committee (JWC) - (War
Risk Cover) Lifeboat Working Group - (Lifeboats)
LOF 2000 (SCOPIC) - (Pollution Prevention) Long
Range Identification and Tracking (LRIT) -
(Security) MARPOL Annex VI - (Air Emission)
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) - (Technical )
(Vetting/Ship Inspections) Newbuilding
Standards Extended guarantee/net-scantlings/corro
sion margins - (Technical) Oil Pollution Clause
- (INTERTANKO Model Clauses)
18
1. INTERTANKO
Oil Spill Liability and Compensation -
(Insurance) Oil supply and demand - (Research
and Projects) OPA90 - (Regulatory schedules)
Operational/Safe Manning - (Human Element)
OPRC-HNS Protocol - (Chemical ) Overview of the
1992 CLC Fund Regime - (Insurance) Phase out
statistics - (Research and Projects) Pilotage -
(Marine safety) Piracy updates - (Piracy)
Pollution casualties - ITOPF - (Casualties)
Pollution Prevention - (Environment) Port Costs
Worldscale clause - (INTERTANKO Model Clauses)
Port State Control - (Research and Projects)
Product evaluation and cargo classification by
12th Session of ESPH 12 Working Group - (MARPOL
Annex II The Revisions) Protection of Bunker
Tanks - (Technical ) Protective coatings of
dedicated seawater ballast tanks required in all
types of ships and double-sided skin spaces of
bulk carriers - (Technical ) Questionnaire 88 -
(Vetting/Ship Inspections) Reception Facilities
- (Environment) Revised IBC Code MARPOL Annex
II - (MARPOL Annex II The Revisions) Sale and
purchase - (Research and Projects) Salvage
firefighting requirements - (North American
Issues) ) SECA Entry Guide - (SECA) Security,
terrorism - (Piracy) Sewage Regulations -
(Environment) Single-hull tanker phase-out
calculator - (Phase out)
19
1. INTERTANKO
SIRE (Ship Inspection Reporting System) -
(Vetting port state control) SMPEP SOPEP -
(Pollution Prevention) SOPEP-National Contacts -
(Pollution Prevention) Tank Level and Pressure
Monitoring (TLPM) - (Technical) Tanker
Chartering Seminars - (Legal and Documentary
)Time Charterparty ClausesTMSA - (Vetting/Ship
Inspections) TOPIA 2006 charterparty clause (for
all tankers) - (INTERTANKO Model Clauses) Total
tanker incidents 1978-2005 - (Casualties) TOTS
(Tanker Officer Training Standards) -
(Vetting/Ship Inspections) Trading
requlations/sailing restrictions - (Ports and
Terminals ) Tug escorts - (North American
Issues) Under Keel Clearance (UKC) Guidelines -
(Navigation) US - Automated Manifest System
(AMS)US Coast Guard Chemical Transportation
Advisory Committee USCG QUALSHIP 21 - (Port
state control)Vapour Emission Control Systems
StandardsVessel Data Recorders (VDR, Black
boxes) Vetting/Ship InspectionsWar Risk
CoverWhale and Cetacean ConservationWinch Brake
Settings WorldscaleWreck Removal Convention
20
1. INTERTANKO
  • Liaison
  • INTERCARGO
  • International Chamber of Shipping (ICS)
  • BIMCO
  • Oil Companies International Marine forum (OCIMF)
  • Individual oil companies
  • Ports Associations (reception facilities,
    terminal vetting)
  • Pilots
  • PSC (MoUs)
  • Local, National, Regional and International
    regulatory bodies
  • Other associations (FOSFA/NIOP)
  • Governments (IMO)

Round Table of International Shipping
Associations (RTisa)
21
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
  • In 2005 EQUASIS published their analysis of data
    in the EQUASUS database
  • Port State authorities check the compliance with
    international conventions of foreign ships
    visiting their ports.
  • EQUASIS includes inspection data provided by
    three of the regional port state control regimes,
    Paris MoU, Tokyo MoU and U.S. Coastguard (USCG).
  • INTERTANKO participated actively and provided
    its input

22
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
  • The EMSA/EQUASIS 2005 report on detentions is
    grouped into five sections
  • The Fleet Population
  • Classification Societies
  • PI
  • Port State Control
  • Trade Associations, Industry Vetting Programs and
    Shipping Companies.

23
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
  • Results of the statistical analysis show that
    those ships with IACS class were less likely to
    be detained in 2005 (3.2) than those with
    non-IACS societies (17.3) or whose IACS status
    has been withdrawn (10.64). By number, half of
    the fleet in the Equasis database is classed with
    an IACS member
  • But by tonnage, ships under IACS class societies
    dominate 90 overall, and 95 for large and
    very large ships.

24
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
  • In a similar context, ships insured outside the
    International Group of P I Clubs (IG) were more
    likely to be detained in 2005 (9.24) than those
    inside the Group (3.06) particularly among cargo
    ships.
  • The Equasis figures indicate 88 of the fleet by
    tonnage is covered by IG insurers

25
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
  • A concern of the industry and regulators
  • alike is that ships should not be subject to
  • unnecessarily frequent inspections. The
  • following tables show the level of annual
  • inspections by the three regional port state
  • control regimes which contributed to
  • EQUASIS for the period 2000 to 2005.

26
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
  • Table 142 does not indicate a significant
    difference among the three PSC regions

27
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
Table 141 shows that the number of individual
ships inspected has risen steadily in the period
2000 to 2005. The frequency of inspection of
ships has remained fairly constant with around a
third of inspected ships inspected once and a
third inspected twice in each year.
28
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
Source EQUASIS Processed by EMSA
29
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
  • Several professional maritime trade
  • associations and vetting programs supply
  • information to EQUASIS on ships covered by
  • their schemes.
  • Such schemes are either ship-based (e.g. OCIMF)
    or company-based
  • (e.g. INTERTANKO INTERCARGO) and relate to
    certain ships types.
  • They aim to provide a mark of quality for ships
    covered by them.

30
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
Table 186 indicates that a majority of relevant
ships are not covered by the vetting schemes and
trade associations providing data to EQUASIS.
However of the large and very large oil,
chemical and gas tankers around one half are
covered by Intertanko while nearly 90 (2213 out
of 2502) are covered by OCIMF.
31
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
Further analysis suggests that medium, large
and very large ships covered by one of the
vetting schemes and trade associations are
inspected more frequently than those ships not
covered. For example, large ships covered by
Intertanko were each inspected on average 2.25
times (225,3) compared with 1.53 times (153.5)
for the relevant types not covered by Intertanko.
32
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
The following table show the detention rates of
ships covered by each of the schemes compared
with ships of the same type which are outside the
relevant scheme. The detention rate is the ratio
between the number of detentions and the number
of inspections in the Paris MoU, Tokyo MoU and
USCG regions in 2005.
33
2. The Impact of PSC on the Tanker Industry
  • The EQUASIS analysis shows that the fleet in
    these associations has an impressive safety
    performance record in 2005 as measured by its
    detention rate.
  • For Example, despite being subjected to three
    times as many inspections, the detention rate of
    the INTERTANKO fleet is much lower (1.7) than
    non-Intertanko members (3.1).

34
3. Optimal Effective PSC
  • EQUASIS www.q88.com
  • INTERTANKO has revised Questionnaire 88
    (Charterers Questionnaire) to take into account
    new information and regular questions that have
    now become current by Brokers, based partly on
    legislative changes over the years.
  • INTERTANKO expects to issue further revised
    editions in the future to ensure that this
    questionnaire remains up-to-date and continues to
    be seen as an industry standard

35
3. Optimal Effective PSC
  • An important aspect within the revision is a
    question pertaining to CAS, (Condition Assessment
    Scheme), which asks if the vessel has a statement
    of compliance issued under the provisions of the
    Condition Assessment Scheme as relevant to
    MARPOL.
  • This has being of immense value to port state
    control officers and other industry bodies in
    helping them assess which ships are single hull,
    which are double hull and which have undergone CAS

36
Coffee Break
37
3. Optimal Effective PSC
  • INTERTANKO Standard Inspection Feedback
    Forms PSC
  • An essential Feedback System for Continual
    Improvement

38
3. Optimal Effective PSC
  • Based on comments and cooperation with our
    membership, The INTERTANKO Vetting Committee
    developed a Standard Inspection Feedback form.
  • The purpose of this form is to supply
    confidential information that can be used in a
    constructive statistical manner to assist in
    our ongoing discussions with Port State Control,
    Oil Major Vetting Departments, and establishments
    such as CDI and SIRE.
  • Part 2 of the questionnaire relates to Port State
    Control inspections
  • We encourage INTERTANKO members to supply their
    vessels with a copy of this form with the request
    that the forms be completed for each inspection
    as appropriate.
  • We also request that these forms be completed on
    each occasion that a commercial or PSC inspection
    takes place whether the results are positive or
    negative.

39
3. Optimal Effective PSC
INTERTANKO Port State Control Inspection
Feedback Form
40
3. Optimal Effective PSC
Some Examples of the Results PSC Inspection
feedback
41
3. Optimal Effective PSC
PSC Inspection feedback
42
3. Optimal Effective PSC
PSC Inspection feedback
43
3. Optimal Effective PSC
PSC Inspection feedback
44
3. Optimal Effective PSC
PSC Inspection feedback
45
3. Optimal Effective PSC
PSC Inspection feedback
46
3. Optimal Effective PSC
  • Port State Control Integrity
  • Instances around the world where PSC integrity is
    compromised
  • Disadvantage to Serious Quality Owners
  • Disadvantage to Professional PSC authorities.
  • Our colleagues at INTERCARGO have developed a
    confidential feedback form to address this.

47
3. Optimal Effective PSC
INTERCARGO INTERTANKO working with industry
colleagues. Seeking independent 3rd party to
confidentially and impartially handle and host
the database for this feedback
48
3. Optimal Effective PSC
  • Optimising SIRE and CDI
  • To Assist PSC
  • Via Confidentiality agreements with both OCIMFs
    SIRE System for Oil Tankers
  • The CDI Inspection system for Chemical Gas
    Tankers
  • Access is gained to the Statutory information
    contained in the Ship inspection reports
  • PSC can help target inspections towards the
    sub-standard ship and reward the quality
  • Only 3 of PSC authorities use this functionality

49
3. Optimal Effective PSC
  • The Impact of the Vetting Screening Systems
  • SIRE
  • CDI
  • Commercial Vetting Inspections

50
3 Goals Good Practice
  • Harmonised standards and training of
    inspectors
  • We still see different standards in different
    parts of the world, a common, level playing feild
    enables all players to understand what is
    required and enable them to meet requirements

51
3 Goals Good Practice
  • Common, Global, Sub-Standard Targeting Systems
  • Although targeting systems such as used by the
    Paris MoU, USCG and others are effective, we
    still see different targeting systems around the
    world.
  • Harmonisation eases compliance
  • Closes loop holes

52
3 Goals Good Practice
  • Consistent Clear Grounds for Detention
  • Not all PSC Authorities release guidelines
    regarding what is a clear ground for a detention.
  • Level Playing feild
  • No surprises

53
3 Goals Good Practice
  • Standard Global Independent Detention appeals
    procedures.
  • Port State legal Appeals exist for each state
    BUT a legal appeal is NOT Independent
  • Such a legal appeal is to the same authority
    that detained the ship, impartial?

54
3 Goals Good Practice
  • Paris MoU Review Board
  • Subsequent to INTERTANKOs meeting with the Paris
    MoU Advisory Board - during 2001
  • We raised our concerns regarding the lack of an
    independent review process in the case where an
    owner feels his vessel has been detained
    unjustly.
  • After several Trials by the Paris MoU this
    process came into effect AND has proved
    successful in enabling some detention records to
    be cleaned

55
3 Goals Good Practice
  • TOKYO MOU Detention Review Board
  • INTERTANKO and its Round Table colleagues wrote
    to the Tokyo MoU proposing that a similar, (To
    the Paris MoU) independent detention review board
    be created within the Tokyo MoU, we are very
    pleased to announce that The Tokyo MoU have now
    instigated such a process and issued guidelines
    on their website http//www.tokyo-mou.org/ .
  • Whilst the findings of the Tokyo MoU Detention
    Review Panel are not binding, they may provide
    justification for the detaining port State to
    amend its inspection data already inserted in the
    APCIS system.
  • The recommendation of the Panel can not be used
    as a ground for claiming a financial
    compensation.
  • But it allows for an independent vehicle for a
    detention review.
  • A full overview of the procedures are available
    on the Tokyo MoU web site http//www.tokyo-mou.org
    /
  • We are very grateful to the Tokyo MoU for taking
    our views and proposals onboard.

56
3 Goals Good Practice
  • Mediterranean MoU Review Board
  • Subsequent to our meeting presentation to The
    Mediterranean MoU Board, we are pleased to advise
    that the Med MoU has indicated that it proposes
    to instigate an independent detention review
    process
  • (similar to that practised by the Paris MoU).

57
3 Goals Good Practice
  • Development of rewards / incentives for the Good
    Owners
  • Ships especially Tankers are still over
    inspected, our aim is too seek rewards for the
    good owner by reduced inspections for the quality
    ship, and increased targeting and inspections for
    sub-standard ships

58
3 Goals Good Practice
  • Close out of Deficiencies

INTERTANKO is seeking the creation of a system
that will enable deficiencies to be effectively
closed out and shown as such on the EQUASIS web
site. Currently these remain open in EQUASIS
leading to incorrect assessments by users
59
4. Conclusions
  • We believe PSC is effective
  • BUT - Greater focus on the sub-standard ship
  • PSC Integrity MUST be maintained
  • Rewards for the Quality owner
  • INTERTANKO firmly supports the role of PSC
  • INTERTANKO cooperates with PSC to eradicate
    sub-standard shipping.

60
  • Thank you for your attention
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