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An Introduction to Quality Assurance in Analytical Science

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An Introduction to Quality Assurance in Analytical Science Dr Irene Mueller-Harvey Mr Richard Baker Mr Brian Woodget Part 3 - Quality systems Contents: Introduction ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An Introduction to Quality Assurance in Analytical Science


1
An Introduction to Quality Assurance in
Analytical Science
  • Dr Irene Mueller-Harvey
  • Mr Richard Baker
  • Mr Brian Woodget

2
Part 3 - Quality systems
  • Contents
  • Introduction to quality systems (slides 3,4)
  • QA and QC systems (slides 5-9)
  • Measurement traceability (slides 10,11)
  • Reference materials and check samples (slide 12)
  • Keeping track of samples (slide 13)
  • Quality manual (slides 14-17)
  • Quality system filing (slide 18)

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3
Without a Laboratory Quality System -
too many mistakes can make analysis very costly
due to
costs of analysis
  • expenses caused by wrong decisions, or
  • repeating analysis of samples
  • investigation of problems
  • revision of procedures
  • loss of good reputation

4
Prevention is Better than cure!
  • It costs less to prevent a problem than it does
    to correct it

A formal quality system in the laboratory should
prevent mistakes by means of
  • quality assurance measures
  • quality control of the analytical results
  • thorough documentation of the system
  • efficient maintenance of records
  • regular audits of all aspects of the system

5
QA and QC systems
Quality Control
planned activities designed to provide a quality
product.
Quality Assurance
planned activities designed to ensure that the
quality control activities are being
properly implemented.
(As defined by the Association of Official
Analytical Chemists)
6
QA Systems

Quality Assurance measures apply to the
laboratory analytical work overall, which
includes
  • identifying the person having the overall
  • responsibility for quality
  • having laboratory equipment calibrated
  • to recognised standards
  • using reference materials
  • joining proficiency testing schemes with
  • other laboratories doing similar tests

7
QC systems
Quality control measures apply to each analytical
test in the laboratory by use of
Control chart
  • reagent blanks
  • verified standard solutions
  • check samples (from both within the lab and from
    outside)
  • blind samples
  • replicate analyses
  • and control charts

8
Quality systems - control charts
A control chart is a means of ensuring that the
method remains in control - continues to
perform in accordance with expectations. This
usually means that results from analysing
standards fall within 2 standard deviations of
the accepted value (within the blue lines on the
chart). Any results appearing outside the red
lines ( 3 standard deviations) indicate that the
method is not longer in control and requires
investigation.
9
Use of QC Samples
Step change

Regular analysis of a single control sample will
identify a system in or out of control conditions
Bias
Target value
Drift
In control
Daily QC data
10
Measurement traceability
In an absolute sense, the true value can be
defined only as being that value directly
traceable to the base system of measurement (SI)
or their derivatives - ie to national or
international standards via an unbroken chain of
comparisons
SI unit
Transfers accuracy
Provides traceability
Certified reference material
Laboratory working standard
Analytical method
11
Measurement traceability (2)
The Sample
Analysed by
The SI units Kg, Metre, Mole
Secondary method e.g. lab. method
Calibrated by
Primary methods (often gravimetric)
e.g. AOAC, EPA
Calibration Standards
Method routinely checked by
Certified by analysis
Secondary RMs In-house QC materials
(fairly cheap, larger amounts, matrix matched,
short life)
Certified Reference Materials (CRMs -
expensive, small amounts, best accuracy, long
life)
Periodically checked
12
Reference materials check samples
SAMPLES SUPPLIED FOR PROFICIENCY TESTING
INTERNAL QC SAMPLES
Internal QC samples are prepared and quantity
values of target components are checked
against CRMs
An accredited laboratory has to prove its
performance by routinely analysing samples
supplied by an independent laboratory
CERTIFIED REFERENCE MATERIALS (CRMs)
13
  • Keeping track of the
  • samples

Lab. No. F7-002
  • Sample registration gives each sample a unique
    lab number.
  • The sample register records all the information
    about the sample.
  • Just like a samples passport, you should not
    confuse any sample with any other.
  • The history of the sample should be traceable
    throughout.

Sample integrity
Samples recorded on receipt
14

Quality Manual

Laboratory Quality System
Admin 1.5.1.
Quality Manual


Page 1 of 1
Amiable Laboratory


Issue No.



Issue Date
Title of Section


Title Page


Issued by




QUALITY MANUAL

for


Amiable Laboratory


Benevolent Department


Well-intentioned Organisation


Usual Location





This Manual is issued under the authority of
A quality manual defines the quality system
under which the laboratory operates








Issue Date

..................................................
..........



Issue No.

3


A Person

Copy No.





Holder
Head of Laboratory







Quality Manual - cover page
15
Quality Manual - contents (1)

16
Quality Manual - contents (2)
-
17
Quality Manual - contents (3)

18
Quality system files
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