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KINGDOM ANIMALIA

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KINGDOM ANIMALIA CHARACTERISTICS BODY CHARACTERISTICS HOW THEY ARE GROUPED PHYLA * www.dolphinreef.co.il/kids/ html/creature_feature.html www.acs.ohio-state.edu/units ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: KINGDOM ANIMALIA


1
KINGDOM ANIMALIA
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • BODY CHARACTERISTICS
  • HOW THEY ARE GROUPED
  • PHYLA

2
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
  • Most complex of all kingdoms
  • Multicellular (made of many cells)
  • They obtain food from OUTSIDE SOURCES
  • They move from place to place to get food (at
    least at one point in their lives)
  • Heterotrophs/consumers who eat other things for
    energy
  • Cell membrane- no cell wall

3
HOW ANIMALS ARE CLASSIFIED
1- BODY STRUCTURE 2- DNA C- HOW IT DEVELOPS
4
WHAT COMMON CHARACTERISTICS DO ALL THESE
CREATURES SHARE SINCE THEY ARE ALL ANIMALS?!
1- 2- 3- 4-
The angler fish
The Kiwi bird, although only the size of a
chicken lays an egg that weighs about 1 pound!.
The Aye-Aye is a nocturnal animal that lives in
Madagascar.
5
All animals, no matter their size, appearance or
habitat they live in carry out the SAME functions.
  • Get food and oxygen
  • Keep internal conditions stable
  • Move
  • Reproduce

6
Animals Move?!
  • How about an oyster?
  • Coral?
  • Barnacle?
  • Glass Lizard?

How do things move?
7
Animals Reproduce!
  • Sexual reproduction the fertilization of an egg
    by sperm
  • (2 sex cells join)
  • Asexual reproduction a new organism reproduces
    another organism similar to itself
  • (one parent)

8
Classification of Animals
  • The animal kingdom is divided in to phyla.
  • All vertebrates are divided into one phylum
    (CHORDATA), while all the other invertebrates
    make up the remaining animal phyla.

9
BASIC BODY CHARACTERISTICS OF ANIMALS
Body symmetry - the way body parts are arranged
around a point or central axis. Directions on
the body - used to describe areas on the body of
an animal. Pattern of body development - a
sequence of developmental steps.
10
BODY SYMMETRY
  • BILATERAL -
  • THE BODY CAN BE DIVIDED INTO TWO IDENTICAL
    HALVES BY ONLY ONE SPECIFIC PLANE THROUGH THE
    LONGITUDINAL AXIS.

11
BODY SYMMETRY
  • RADIAL -
  • THE BODY CAN BE DIVIDED INTO TWO IDENTICAL
    HALVES BY ANY PLANE THAT PASSES THROUGH THE
    LONGITUDINAL AXIS.

12
BODY SYMMETRY
  • ASYMMETRICAL -
  • THE BODY HAS NO DEFINITE SHAPE AND CANNOT BE
    DIVIDED INTO TWO IDENTICAL HALVES.

Sea sponge is asymmetrical
13
DIRECTIONS ON AN ANIMAL BODY
DORSAL - TOP SURFACE
ANTERIOR - FRONT END
POSTERIOR - HIND END
VENTRAL - BOTTOM SURFACE
14
(No Transcript)
15
Developmental Stages
  • ZYGOTE-THE FERTILIZED EGG.
  • 2. EMBRYO-THE DEVELOPING FERTILIZED EGG.
  • 3. FETUS-THE EMBRYO HAS DEVELOPED TO THE POINT
    THAT IT BEGINS TO RESEMBLE THE MATURE ORGANISM.

16
  • 9 Phyla of the Animal kingdom
  • Porifera 6) Mollusca
  • Coelenterata 7) Echinoderm
  • Flatworms 8) Arthropoda
  • Roundworms 9) Chordata
  • Segmented worms

17
Porifera
  • Means having pores
  • asymmetrical
  • Ex sponges

18
Coelenterata
  • Sac-like body
  • Have tentacles
  • Ex hydras, jelly fish, coral,
  • sea anemones
  • Radial symmetry

19
  • 3 Phyla of Worms
  • Flatworms
  • Roundworms
  • Segmented worms

20
  • Molluska
  • Hard shell surrounding soft body parts
  • Live in water damp places
  • Examples
  • Snail, Sea Scallop
  • Only a few do not have shells
  • Octopus Sea slug

21
  • Echinoderms
  • Means spiny-skin
  • Star shaped
  • Radial symmetry
  • Spiny
  • Ex
  • Starfish Sea Urchin

22
  • Arthropoda
  • Makes up 75 of the animal kingdom
  • Basic Characteristics
  • hard external skeleton
  • segmented body
  • jointed legs
  • Ex beetle, milli centipede, spider, crab

23
  • Chordata
  • Vertebrates
  • Have internal skeleton
  • Vertebral column
  • Limbs
  • CLASSES fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds,
    mammals
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