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Beginning of Medieval Europe (9, 12d, 12a)

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Beginning of Medieval Europe (9, 12d, 12a) Disruption of Trade Downfall of Cities Population Shifts Decline of Learning Loss of common language Classical heritage of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Beginning of Medieval Europe (9, 12d, 12a)


1
Chapter 13
  • Beginning of Medieval Europe (9, 12d, 12a)

2
Roman empire destroyed by invasions of Germanic
peoples
  • Disruption of Trade
  • Downfall of Cities
  • Population Shifts
  • Decline of Learning
  • Loss of common language

3
Foundations of Early Medieval society
  • Classical heritage of Rome
  • Christian beliefs Unified Europe
  • Customs of Germanic tribes

4
Influence of the Roman Catholic Church
  • Roman authority declined, while church authority
    grew
  • Monasteries preserved Greco-Roman Cultural
    achievements
  • Missionaries carried Christianity and Latin
    alphabet to Germanic tribes
  • Pope anointed Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor
    800AD
  • Parish Priests served religious and social needs
    of the people

5
Feudal society (political organization)
  • Europe in Chaos! We need PROTECTION!
  • Fief piece of land given from lord to his
    vassal, called a manor
  • Vassals people who serve their lord
  • Serfs a.k.a. peasants, people who work on fiefs
  • Feudal obligations
  • Vassal pay taxes to lord, military service
  • Lord protect his vassal

Money goes up Protection goes down.
6
Manorial system (economy)
  • Rigid Class structure
  • Self-sufficient manors

7
Age of Charlemagne
  • Franks, Gallic tribe, emerge as a force in
    Western Europe
  • Pope crowned the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
    Power of the Church established in political
    life
  • Roman Cultural was revived

8
After Charlemagne
  • Son, Louis, was not a strong king
  • Louis had three sons
  • Lothair
  • Charles the Bald
  • Louis the German
  • They fought each other
  • Eventually divided Charlemagne's kingdom into
    three halves at the Treaty of Verdun

9
  • Video Europe after the Fall of Rome

10
Section 2 Feudalism in Europe
  • New Invasions Trouble Europe
  • Vikings
  • Causes
  • Overpopulation
  • Lack of land at home
  • Desire for free stuff
  • Used Long Boats to raid around Europe
  • Terrorized villages along coast
  • Also explored
  • Leif Ericson even reached North America around
    1000 A.D.
  • Magyars and Muslims
  • Contributed to chaos
  • Grabbed people to sell as slaves
  • Video Vikings Warriors

11
(No Transcript)
12
Section 3 The age of Chivalry
  • Horseback Two inventions
  • Saddle
  • Stirrups
  • Knights
  • Served their lords in return for fiefs of land
  • Time spent in training for battle

13
Chivalry
  • Knightly code of conduct
  • Respect for Ladies
  • Reverence to God
  • Loyalty to sworn lord
  • Glory in battle and tournaments

14
Chivalry cont.
  • Knights must maintain character standards or be
    punished
  • Knights competed in tournaments to show off their
    skillz
  • Warfare was terrible p.329

15
Knightly Literature
  • Epic Poetry in Medieval times
  • Idealize chivalry and Knighthood
  • Praised heroic deeds and adventures
  • King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table
  • Charlemagne's battles
  • Song of Rolan p. 330
  • Troubadours
  • Sang epic songs with a lute (simple guitar)
  • Themes of Love and Loyalty
  • To lord
  • To lady
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