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Government Structures and Systems Politics 101

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Government Structures and Systems Politics 101 The National Democratic Institute Working for Democracy and Making Democracy Work See the Trainer s Guide for overall ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Government Structures and Systems Politics 101


1
Government Structures and Systems Politics 101
The National Democratic Institute
2
Introductions/Ground rules
  • Introductions
  • Ground Rules
  • Ice Breaker Exercise

3
Objectives
  • To understand the various divisions and levels of
    government and their roles/ responsibilities
  • To learn how to address issues of importance in
    your community

4
Government Structures Topics
  • Constitutional framework
  • Divisions of government and roles
  • Parliamentary and presidential systems
  • Roles of elected and political leaders
  • Women in government

5
Key Terms
  • Politics
  • Governance
  • Executive
  • Legislative
  • Judiciary
  • Checks and balances

6
CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
  • What is a constitution?
  • What is its role?
  • Who must obey it?

7
GENDER SENSITIVE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS
  • A blanket equality clause
  • CEDAW and human rights treaties
  • Full and equal citizenship
  • Full and equal inheritance and land rights
  • Political quotas across sectors
  • Temporary special measures

8
POLITICAL SYSTEMS
  • Unified system vs. dual system
  • President
  • Head of government

9
PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEMS
  • President
  • Generally popularly elected
  • 27 women presidents from 22 countries

Photo Week of Women, NDI
10
PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEMS
  • Prime minister
  • Path to power is through party and coalition
    governments

Photo Julia Gillard, photograph by Glen
McCurtayne for The Sydney Morning Herald
11
DIVISIONS OF GOVERNMENT
  • Executive
  • Judicial
  • Legislative

12
EXECUTIVE BRANCH
  • Head of State
  • Head of Government
  • Cabinet
  • Ministries
  • Oversees implementation of laws and
    administration of the country
  • Women in the executive branch

13
JUDICIAL BRANCH
  • Interprets constitution and laws
  • Administers justice in resolving disputes
  • Promotes the rule of law
  • Independent

14
WOMEN AND JUDICIAL BRANCH
  • Lack of access to the judicial system
  • Lack of women in the judiciary
  • Discriminatory laws and judicial systems

15
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
  • National legislature
  • - Upper and lower house
  • Local legislative bodies

Photo National Democratic Institute
16
ROLES OF POLITICAL ACTORS
  • Constituency
  • Government
  • Political parties and coalitions
  • Special interest groups

Photo Marie-Ève_NDI-Pakistan
17
ROLES OF LEGISLATORS
  • Legislator
  • Committee member
  • Public servant
  • Party member

18
ROLES OF LEGISLATORS
  • Legislator
  • Analyze legislation
  • Lawmaking
  • Budgeting
  • Committee member
  • Committee work
  • Public hearings
  • Oversight of government

Photo National Democratic Institute, Sierra
Leone
19
ROLES OF LEGISLATORS
  • Public servant
  • Constituent relations
  • Outreach to constituency
  • Party member
  • Parties in parliament
  • Parliamentary groups and caucuses
  • Dealing with opponents/opposition

Photo National Democratic Institute, Cambodia
20
LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT
21
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
  • Oversees local administration of
  • Services (medical, education, etc.)
  • Policies
  • Local taxes and budgets
  • Should respond to citizens needs and involve
    them in decisions

22
LOCAL LEVEL LEGISLATORS
Local government administration
Citizens
Local councilors are the link
  • Represent/advocate for community
  • Maintain transparency
  • Encourage inclusive policies

23
EXERCISE
  • Handling issues at the local level

Photo Tassos C, NDI
24
WOMEN IN GOVERNMENT
Photo Amy Hamelin, NDI
25
GOVERNMENT STRUCTURES REVIEW
  • Constitutional framework
  • Divisions of government and roles
  • Parliamentary and presidential systems
  • Roles of elected and political leaders
  • Women in government
  • Questions?
  • Feedback?
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