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Introduction to Lifespan Development

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Introduction to Lifespan Development Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D. * * Human Development Definition: The scientific study of how people change and stay the same over time. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Lifespan Development


1
Introduction to Lifespan Development
  • Carolyn R. Fallahi, Ph. D.

2
Human Development
  • Definition The scientific study of how people
    change and stay the same over time.
  • Two types of changes
  • Quantitative weight height, words spoken.
  • Qualitative moving from a beginning reader to
    an emergent reader to a full reader.

3
Human Development
  • Some things are consistent some things are not.
  • Some aspects of human development are more
    predictive than others.

4
Human Development
  • Goal
  • To describe human development
  • To explain
  • To predict
  • To possibly modify

5
Human Development
  • Five aspects of development
  • Physical Development
  • Intellectual or Cognitive Development
  • Personality Development
  • Social Development
  • Moral Development

6
Human Development
  • Major Development in Eight Periods of the
    Lifespan
  • Prenatal
  • Infancy and Toddlerhood (B-3)
  • Early Childhood (3-6)
  • Middle childhood (6-12)
  • Adolescence (12-20)
  • Young Adulthood (20-40)
  • Middle Age (40-65)
  • Late Adulthood (65 and up)

7
Human Development
  • Issue of average
  • Issue of individual differences
  • Things that can influence development
  • Heredity
  • environment

8
Human Development
  • Normative age-graded influences
  • Normative history-graded influences
  • Normative history-graded influences
  • Nonnormative life events

9
Ecological Theory
  • Urie Bronfenbrenner (1979)
  • One of the founders of Head Start
  • Microsystem
  • Mesosystem
  • Exosystem
  • Macrosystem

10
Ethological theory
  • Behavior is strongly influenced by biology.
  • Behavior is tied to evolution.
  • Behavior is characterized by critical or
    sensitive periods.

11
Ethological theory
  • Karl Lorenz
  • (1903-1989)

12
Lorenz ethological theory
  • Imprinting rapid, innate learning within a
    critical period of time that involves attachment
    to the first moving object seen (Lorenzs geese
    became attached to him).

13
Lorenz ethological theory
  • Critical period a fixed time period early in
    development during which certain behaviors
    optimally emerge.
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