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THE LATER MIDDLE AGES: 1300-1450

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Unit 1.1 THE LATER MIDDLE AGES: 1300-1450 Learning Objective: Students will understand the evolution of European society from antiquity through the Later Middle Ages ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE LATER MIDDLE AGES: 1300-1450


1
THE LATER MIDDLE AGES 1300-1450
Unit 1.1
2
Learning Objective
  • Students will understand the evolution of
    European society from antiquity through the Later
    Middle Ages and analyze the ways in which
    religious, economic, and social upheaval affected
    late-Medieval society.

3
Major Periods in European History
Unit 1.1
  • I. Ancient Greece/Rome (c. 500 BCE-500 CE)
  • II. Middle Ages- 5th Century CE to approx.
    1450
  • A. Early Middle Ages (476 CE to 900 CE)
  • B. High Middle Ages (1050- 1300)
  • C. Later Middle Ages (1300- 1450)
  • III. Modern Era (1450 to the present)
  • 1. Renaissance 1450- 1600 (1300-1527 in
    Italy)
  • 2. 17th 21st centuries

4
CRISES OF THE LATER MIDDLE AGES
5
  • I. Black Death (1347)
  • A. Causes
  • 1. Bubonic plague was carried by fleas
    on Asian black rats and brought to Europe
    on ships returning from Asia
  • 2. Overcrowding in cities and homes
    facilitated the spread of the disease
  • 3. Poor sanitation in cities
  • 4. Widespread malnutrition
  • 5. Poor hygiene

6
  • B. Results Loss of 1/3 of Europes population

7
Map of the Black Death
8
Time-lapse Map of Black Death
9
  1. Some cities, such as Florence, saw death rates
    reach above 50

The Toggenburg Bible (1411) contains an
illustration of the Black Death
10
2. Economy in towns suffered significantly
Plague doctors often wore attire, such as seen
above, with the beak stuffed with spices or herbs
to protect the doctor from the disease.
11
3. In some areas, workers enjoyed higher
wages 4. Impact on the peasantry a.
Serfdom ended in many areas of western Europe
b. Major peasant revolts in England and
France 5. First enclosure of fields in
England 6. Best of the clergy died helping the
sick 7. Jews were often blamed for the plague
12
8. Literature and art reflected pessimism
a. Danse of Death (Danse Macabre) b.
Northern Europe developed a fascination with
death that was later reflected in the art of the
Northern Renaissance
Dancing skeletons were a common motif in the
Danse of Death
13
  • II. Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
  • A. Cause the English crown lay claim to the
    duchy of Aquitaine inside of France

Duchy of Aquitaine (in pink) seen inside modern
French borders.
14
  • B. Joan Of Arc (1412-1431)
  • 1. Peasant girl claimed she heard voices
    from saints and persuaded the king to
    allow her to accompany the troops
  • 2. In 1429, led the French army to
    victory at Orléans
  • -- The French heir to the
    throne was crowned
  • 3. She was later burned at the
    stake by her English captors

15
END OF SAMPLE
  • The complete version of the Later Middle Ages is
    available with a subscription to the European
    History PowerPoints for Teachers.
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