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The Transition from High School to College in Georgia KSU SDU/PLU Workshop: A Forum for USG Admissions Issues Facing HS Guidance Counselors

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Title: The Transition from High School to College in Georgia KSU SDU/PLU Workshop: A Forum for USG Admissions Issues Facing HS Guidance Counselors


1
The Transition from High School to College in
Georgia KSU SDU/PLU Workshop A Forum for USG
Admissions Issues Facing HS Guidance Counselors
  • Kennesaw State University
  • February 17, 2009
  • Vice Chancellor Cathie Mayes Hudson
  • Board of Regents of the University System of
    Georgia

2
Overview
  • The Transition to College in Georgia
  • How is Georgia doing?
  • How are USGs students doing?
  • What are the minimum requirements for admission
    to a USG college or university?
  • Challenges
  • Discussion

3
How is Georgia doing?
4
Preparation for College Georgias HS Completion
Rate
Definition Number of 9th graders/High school
graduates four years later (public high schools).
Source The National Center for Higher Education
Management Systems (from Tom Mortenson
Postsecondary Education Opportunity
http//www.postsecondary.org.
5
Graduation Rate for Public High Schools Number
of 2007 HS Graduates as Percent of Number of 2002
9th Graders
This rate defines completion in a consistent way
for all states using a cohort survival method.
Nation 68.6
The DOE HS graduation rate for 2007 was 72.3
(calculated in a different way).
Georgia 55.9
Source The NCHEMS Information Center for State
Higher Education Policymaking and Analysis at
www.higheredinfo.org.
6
College-Going Rate Percentage of Public and
Private 2006 High School Graduates Going Directly
to College
Georgia 68.2
Nation 61.6
Source The NCHEMS Information Center for State
Higher Education Policymaking and Analysis at
www.higheredinfo.org.
Source Compiled by National Center for Higher
Education Management Systems from IPEDS data.
Compiled biennially.
7
Ninth Graders Chances for College by Age 19 2002
Ninth Graders Enrolling in College by 2006
Nation 41.8
Georgia38.1
Source The NCHEMS Information Center for State
Higher Education Policymaking and Analysis at
www.higheredinfo.org.
8
Six-Year Bachelors Graduation Rate 2001First-Time
Freshmen Graduating by 2007
Nation 56.1
Georgia 48.1
Source The NCHEMS Information Center for State
Higher Education Policymaking and Analysis at
www.higheredinfo.org.
Source Compiled by National Center for Higher
Education Management Systems from IPEDS data.
Compiled biennially.
9
View of Georgia from the Nation
10
Measuring Up Conclusions
  • Preparation Georgias low performance could
    limit access to a competitive workforce.
  • Participation College opportunities are poor.
  • Affordability Higher education less affordable.
    (No need-based aid.)
  • Completion Georgia is a top performer in
    awarding degrees, but few attain a bachelors in
    timely manner.
  • Benefits Economic benefits to the state for a
    small proportion with bachelors degree very
    high.
  • Learning IncompleteNo data to allow meaningful
    comparisons across states.

11
Why does this matter?
  • States with high levels of family or child
    poverty exhibit low levels of educational
    attainment.
  • Areas with low levels of educational attainment
    cannot attract better-paying jobs.

We must break this cycle of low attainment and
low paying jobs.
12
Transition from HS to College University System
of Georgia
13
USG Institutions by Sector
Research Universities Georgia Institute of
Technology Georgia State University Medical
College of Georgia University of Georgia
State Colleges Abraham Baldwin Agric.
College College of Coastal Georgia Dalton
State College Gainesville State
College Georgia Gwinnett College Gordon
College Macon State College Middle Georgia College
Regional Universities Georgia Southern
University Valdosta State University
State Universities Albany State
University Armstrong Atlantic State Univ. Augusta
State University Clayton State
University Columbus State University Fort
Valley State University Georgia College State
Univ. Georgia Southwestern State Univ. Kennesaw
State University North Ga. College State
Univ. Savannah State University Southern
Polytechnic State Univ. University of West
Georgia Contains UC Unit for local students
Access Colleges
Comprehensive Universities
Two-Year Colleges Atlanta Metropolitan
College Bainbridge College Darton College East
Georgia College Georgia Highlands College Georgia
Perimeter College South Georgia College Waycross
College
Also a TCSG College.
14
USG Fall Headcount Enrollment 1998-2008
15
USG Mean SAT V M Scores First-Time Freshmen,
Fall 1998Fall 2008 Research, Regional, and State
Universities
16
USG Mean SAT V M Scores, Fall 2008 Research,
Regional, State Universities
There is wide variation around the mean at most
institutions.




Contains a University College for students who
are not prepared for admission to a state
university.
17
Percent of USG First-Time Freshmen with Complete
CPC, Fall 1988-Fall 2007
Note This chart shows the proportion of all
first-time freshmen who completed the CPC in HS
as a proportion of those for whom CPC was
applicable (non-degree students and
non-traditional students are excluded). The base
is same-year high school graduates.
18
2008 Georgia Public High School Completers by
Diploma Type
19
Percent of USG First-Time Freshmen with CPC
Complete, Fall 2008, by Sector
20
Percent of USG First-Time Freshmen in Learning
Support at System Level Fall 1995 Fall 2007
Note After 1994, LS was split into two
different forms LS-System, defined by the same
standards across the System, and LS-Institution,
defined differently across institutions. Only
LS-System is shown above.
21
Percent of Fall 2008 USG First-Time Freshmen with
LS Requirements
22
Pipeline of First-Time Freshmen to USG Selected
Metro and North Georgia Systems
23
USG First-Year Retention Rates Fall-to-Fall,
First-Time/Full-Time Freshmen 1998 to 1999 2007
to 2008
Percent Retained to Second Fall
Source University System of Georgia, Office of
Research and Policy Analysis SIRS and ADM data.
November 10, 2008.
24
USG Bachelors Graduation Rates Six-Year Rates
for Fall 1993 Fall 2002 First-Time, Full-Time
Freshman Cohorts
Source University System of Georgia, Office of
Research and Policy Analysis SIRS and ADM data.
November 10, 2008.
25
USG Admissions Standards
26
USG Admissions Standards Institutional
Admissions Requirements
  • The Board of Regents sets minimum admissions
    policies for each sector.
  • USG universities may set higher admissions
    standards than the System minimum requirements.

27
USG Admissions Challenges
  • USG Goals
  • Encourage more students to enroll in college
    balance access and quality
  • Ensure that the USG meets the needs of Georgians
  • Manage enrollment growth and plan for new
    facilities
  • Accommodate enrollment growth efficiently
    effectively
  • Educate a diverse student body, including
    traditional students, non-traditional students,
    transfers, international students
  • Facilitate retention, progression, and graduation
  • Institutional Goals
  • Ensure student success at that institution
  • Admission, enrollment, graduation,
    post-graduation
  • Meet local, regional, and/or state needs

28
Purpose of USG Admissions Standards Enhance
Student Success
Go to college graduate enter labor market
Georgias college- bound students do not take as
many academic courses as do national students.
Succeed in HS graduate
The CPC is the cornerstone of the USG
admissions policy.
Take the CPC more academic courses in HS
29
Traditional Freshmen Admissions College
Preparatory Curriculum
  • The CPC is required for regular admission to a
    research, regional, or state university.
  • Students with a Technical/Career diploma or a GED
  • May enroll in a two-year or state college
  • GED not considered strong preparation for college
  • In rare circumstances, a student may be admitted
    as a Presidential Exception

30
Traditional Freshmen Admissions
  • Freshmen at research, regional, and state
    universities must have a minimum Freshman Index
    for the sector.
  • Students who score high on SAT or ACT can offset
    lower high school performance on GPA.
  • Students who have high GPA can offset lower
    scores on SAT or ACT.

31
How to Calculate the USG Freshman Index
FI (500 x HSGPA) SAT Verbal SAT Math
or FI (500 x HSGPA)
(ACT Composite x 42) 88
Minimum FI Research Universities 2500 Regional
Universities 2040 State Universities 1940
Note that research universities and some other
USG institutions have additional AND/OR higher
requirements.
32
Traditional Freshmen Admissions to a Research,
Regional, or State University
  • Students must have minimum SAT or ACT scores
    for admission to research, regional, state
    universities
  • SATV of 430 and SATM of 400 OR
  • ACT English of 17 and ACT Math of 17

These scores exempt a student from placement
testing for learning support.
33
Traditional Freshmen Admissions to a State or
Two-Year College
  • No requirement for SAT or ACT scores.
  • All students tested for LS placement with COMPASS
  • May exempt LS testing with scores from national
    administration of SAT or ACT
  • SATV of 430 and SATM of 400 OR
  • ACT English of 17 and ACT Math of 17
  • Four state universities also act as a two-year
    college point of access
  • University College units at Armstrong Atlantic
    State University, Augusta State University,
    Columbus State University, Savannah State
    University

34
Traditional Freshmen Admissions to State/Two-Year
Colleges Four University Colleges
  • Students must graduate from HS or have a GED
    Credential
  • Certificates of Performance not equivalent
  • HSGPA Requirements (on Core courses)
  • With CPC 2.0 HSGPA
  • With TC 2.2 HSGPA
  • Limited exceptions to minimum HSGPA requirement
  • All students evaluated for CPC course completion
    (with make-up requirement)

35
What is next?
36
Georgias Future
  • Individuals Increase education levels for a
    better quality of life and better careers
  • Georgia Increase share of knowledge workers in
    the economy

37
Constraints The Tension of the Iron Triangle in
Higher Education
Quality
Access
Cost
38
Changing Times The Millennial Student
  • Special, sheltered (helicopter parents),
    confident, team-oriented, conventional,
    achievement-oriented
  • No tolerance for delay
  • Materialistic
  • Individualistic
  • Decline in social rules and formality incivility
  • Change in focus

Sources Strauss and Howe Millennials Rising
Millennials Go to College Twenge, Generation Me
Christy Price Presentation, 2009.
39
We need your help . . . . .
  • Help us meet the needs of millennial students
  • Help eliminate barriers to college
  • Academic
  • Create first generation college students
  • Help students choose the CP track
  • Encourage students to take more academic courses
    than needed
  • Encourage AP and IB courses
  • Fiscal
  • Low tuition state lowest in South
  • Financial constraints Save and plan
  • Social
  • Low parental student expectations
  • Student motivation Study, study, study

40
We need your help . . . . .
  • Let us know what we need to do and what we need
    to do better.
  • Give us feedback.

41
For more information . . . .
USGs web site http//www.usg.edu USG by the
NumbersUSG123 http//info.usg.edu/ Common
application at http//gacollege411.org/ Student
Services Associate Vice Chancellor for Student
Services Tonya Lam, http//www.usg.edu/student_aff
airs/ or email at Tonya.Lam_at_usg.edu USGs
admissions policy and procedures
http//www.usg.edu/admin/acadaff/handbook/section3
/3.01.phtml or write or email . . . Dr. Cathie
Mayes Hudson Vice Chancellor for Research
Policy Analysis Board of Regents of the
University System of Georgia 270 Washington
Street, SW Atlanta, Georgia 30334 Email
Cathie.Mayes.Hudson_at_usg.edu
42
(No Transcript)
43
Additional Information
44
Georgia Public HS Graduates Actual 1988-2002
Projected 2003-2018
WICHE Projections
Actual
Source WICHE, 2003.
45
Georgia Private HS Graduates Actual 1990-2002
Projected 2003-2018
WICHE Projections
Actual
Source WICHE, 2003.
46
Georgia Public HS Graduates by Race Ethnicity,
Actual 2000-2002 Projected 2003-2018
WICHE Projections
Source WICHE, 2003.
47
Demographic Factors Affecting Enrollment
GEORGIA of Public HS Graduates of Public HS Graduates of Public HS Graduates of Public HS Graduates
Selected Race/ Ethnic Categories Actual Actual Projected Projected
Selected Race/ Ethnic Categories 1994 2002 2014 2018
White, Non-Hispanic 63.4 61.2 47.3 38.8
Black, Non-Hispanic 33.4 33.1 30.8 27.3
Hispanic 1.1 2.4 16.1 26.5
Asian 2.0 3.1 5.8 8.2
Note Percentages do not add to 100 (rounding
error from separate race projections).
48
USG Fall Headcount Enrollment Actual (1990-2005)
and Projected to 2018 Projection Uses
Autoregression Model Based on Past Enrollment and
HS Graduates with 95 Percent Confidence Interval
for High and Low Projection
USG/SRASeptember 11, 2006 (generally updated
every three years)
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