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INTERTANKO ???????? Asian Panel Meeting


INTERTANKO Asian Panel Meeting Shanghai 27th April 2009 Anti-Trust/Competition Law Compliance Statement INTERTANKO s policy is to be firmly ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INTERTANKO ???????? Asian Panel Meeting

INTERTANKO ???????? Asian Panel Meeting
  • Shanghai
  • 27th April 2009

Anti-Trust/Competition Law Compliance Statement
  • INTERTANKOs policy is to be firmly committed to
    maintaining a fair and competitive environment in
    the world tanker trade, and to adhering to all
    applicable laws which regulate INTERTANKOs and
    its members activities in these markets. These
    laws include the anti-trust/competition laws
    which the United States, the European Union and
    many nations of the world have adopted to
    preserve the free enterprise system, promote
    competition and protect the public from
    monopolistic and other restrictive trade
    practices. INTERTANKOs activities will be
    conducted in compliance with its
    Anti-trust/Competition Law Guidelines.

Asian Members Seminar
  • Seminar Overview
  • Welcome and Introduction
  • Asian Panel
  • Regional Meetings and Events
  • Cooperative Mechanism
  • Council Agenda Overview
  • Piracy
  • Regional Update
  • International Perspective
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Hebei Spirit Update
  • Tanker Incidents
  • Overview of trends
  • Regional developments
  • Presentation by Simon Stonehouse, Brit Insurance
  • Any other business

1. Welcome and Introduction
  • Asian Panel
  • Regional Meetings and Events
  • April
  • INTERTANKO Members Seminar, Singapore
  • INTERTANKO Crisis and Media Workshop, Singapore
  • 27 INTERTANKO Asian Panel Meetings, Shanghai
  • OCIMF Seminar, Shanghai
  • 28 TradeWinds China Energy Conference, Shanghai
  • 29 ShippingTech China Conference, Shanghai
  • May
  • 5-6 Informal Tanker Operators Safety Forum,
  • 11-15 IMO Diplomatic Conference to adopt Ship
    Recycling Convention, Hong Kong
  • 12 INTERTANKO Chartering Seminar, Tokyo
  • 13-16 INTERTANKO Tanker Event
  • 18 International Piracy Conference, Kuala Lumpur
  • 19 INTERTANKO Vetting Committee Meeting,
  • 20 INTERTANKO Vetting Seminar, Singapore
  • 25-26 Asian Shipowners Forum AGM, Tainan

1. Welcome and Introduction
  • Asian Panel
  • Regional Meetings and Events
  • Tokyo AGM and Tanker Event

1. Welcome and Introduction
  • Tokyo AGM and Tanker Event

1. Welcome and Introduction
  • Tokyo AGM and Tanker Event

1. Welcome and Introduction
  • Cooperative Mechanism
  • Co-operative Mechanism for the Straits of Malacca
    and Singapore
  • Littoral state Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore
  • Safety of Navigation and Environmental protection
  • 5 projects identified
  • Aids to Navigation Fund a separate initiative
  • Buy-in from Industry at the end of State
    agreement on projects
  • INTERTANKO requested greater industry involvement
    and proposed establishment of Technical Panels
  • Navigational Panel
  • Environmental Panel
  • Lead by industry
  • Industry to bring project ideas
  • Industry to contribute resources in the projects
  • INTERTANKO informal dialogue with Singapore MPA
    to develop the Panels

1. Welcome and Introduction
  • Cooperative Mechanism
  • Navigational Panel
  • INTETANKO handed opportunity to steer this work,
  • Requires significantly more issues Straits
    focused not just Singapore!

Agenda Item Issue Summary
Small Vessel Traffic It is recognized that industries other than the international shipping use the waters, from smaller coastal trading vessels to fishing vessels, barges and tugs.
Traffic Separation Schemes The Straits are a prime example of the successful implementation of a TSS in a busy, international waterway. However, comments have been received relating to the possibility of further improving the TSS taking into account small vessel traffic, crossing traffic, entry and exit points for example.
1. Welcome and Introduction
  • Cooperative Mechanism
  • 2. Environmental Panel

Agenda Item Issue Summary
Port Reception Facilities Marine pollution in the form of oily waste and garbage remains a persistent problem in the region. International shipping is frequently mentioned as a key source of marine pollution in the region.
Oil and Chemical Spill Response
Environmental Awareness The international shipping industry ha taken steps to improve awareness of environmental issues aboard and ashore. This improves understanding of the significance of environmental issues and improves the development of an environmentally aware culture. This in turn improves awareness of environmental legislation and motivation to implement voluntary measures to improve environmental protection.
Ballast Water Management Invasive species through ships ballast water is a global problem with regional and national consequences. The current global problem surrounds the shipping industrys ability to find equipment to meet the standards prescribed in the IMOs Convention.
Biofouling Management Invasive specie carried on the hulls of ships can contribute as much of a risk as those species carried in ballast water tanks. The industry has been increasing its management practices to reduce invasive species transfer and improve emissions from shipping. Problems arise in finding suitable locations to undertake such management options. Note the IMO is currently developing guidelines on biofouling management.
Information Sharing This would be a stand-alone item on the agenda of both Panels and would allow sufficient time for both users and littoral states to share information on developments of importance.
Anti-fouling Coatings
Air Pollution (MARPOL Annex VI) ...
Air Emissions (GHG)
Asian Members Seminar
  • Seminar Overview
  • Welcome and Introduction
  • Asian Panel
  • Regional Meetings and Events
  • Cooperative Mechanism
  • Council Agenda Overview
  • Piracy
  • Regional Update
  • International Perspective
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Hebei Spirit Update
  • Tanker Incidents
  • Overview of trends
  • Regional developments
  • Presentation by Simon Stonehouse, Brit Insurance
  • Any other business

2. Council Agenda Overview
  • Council Agenda 13 May 2009, Tokyo
  • Corporate Affairs
  • Piracy status report
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Report items
  • - Chemical items
  • - Load Line Zones Off South Africa
  • - Criminalisation of Seafarers update
  • - Paris MoU New Inspection Regime
  • - Human Element Roll out of TOTS
  • - EU and US Issues EU Sulphur Directive, EU
    Mutual Recognition of Certificates by ROs

New Inspection Regime Paris MoU
  • Better targeting !!!
  • Every ship eligible for a periodic inspection
    as follows
  • High Risk Ship (HRS) every 5-6 months
  • Standard Risk Ship (SRS) every 10-12 months
  • Low Risk Ship (LRS) every 24-36 months

Asian Members Seminar
  • Seminar Overview
  • Welcome and Introduction
  • Asian Panel
  • Regional Meetings and Events
  • Cooperative Mechanism
  • Council Agenda Overview
  • Piracy
  • Regional Update
  • International Perspective
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Hebei Spirit Update
  • Tanker Incidents
  • Overview of trends
  • Regional developments
  • Presentation by Simon Stonehouse, Brit Insurance
  • Any other business

  • Malacca Straits
  • Nigeria / Gulf of Guinea
  • Somalia Gulf of Aden / W Indian Ocean

3. Piracy
  • 1. Regional Update
  • RECAAP Statistics
  • Increase in successful incidents between 2007 and
    2008 (77 to 83)
  • Increase generally around Straits of Malacca and
    Singapore, South China Sea and off Malaysia
  • Reductions seen at the anchorages of Indonesia
    and around the port of Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Tankers appeared to have been targeted on more
    occasions than other ship types
  • Significant proportion of attacks continues to
    take place at anchor and in hours of darkness
  • Use of guns reducing
  • Possible escalations?
  • Market downturn
  • International coverage new models developing

Piracy Somalia
Piracy Somalia
Piracy - Somalia
The International Response EUNAVFOR (EU Naval
Forces) MSCHOA (Maritime Security Centre (Horn
of Africa) INTERTANKO providing Merchant Navy
Liaison Officer (Howard Snaith)
Piracy - Somalia
  • 2009 GoA EC Somalia statistics (first quarter)
  • 50 approaches/attacks (4 a week)
  • 8 hijackings (0.7 a week) (Feb/Mar down to 0.5 a
  • April hijackings up again (figures tbc)
  • Confirmed attacks on vessels using GT 2
  • Hijackings of vessels following GT 1
  • 8 captive vessels (as of 3.09)
  • 94 captive crew
  • 2008 GoA EC Somalia statistics (full year)
  • 111 approaches/attacks (2 a week)
  • 42 hijackings (0.8 a week)
  • 14 captive vessels (as of end Nov)
  • 680 taken hostage over the year.

2. Council Agenda Overview
  • United Nations Contact Group
  • WG 1 measures to improve the coordination of,
    and information sharing between, the various
    naval forces present in the region and their
    interfacing with civilian shipping
  • WG 2 programmes to facilitate the prosecution
    of those caught and suspected of piracy
  • WG 3 facilitates development of industry Best
    Management Practices to counter piracy and their
    application within the international shipping
  • WG 4 communications and outreach strategies for
    use within Somalia and to the wider international
    community as part of capacity building programmes
    - this latter to be in conjunction with other UN
    programmes already on the ground within the region

3. Piracy
  • Summary of 1q09 versus 2008
  • Approaches/attacks UP
  • Hijackings DOWN
  • Only 2 attacks in 3 months on ships
  • Staying more than 600 miles from the coast
  • Making use of Group Transit
  • Following industry guidelines

Piracy - Somalia
  • Recent developments
  • significant hijackings in waters in April
  • EAST of Somalia
  • Nipayia 450 miles E
  • Bow Asir 250 miles E

Piracy Somalia
  • INTERTANKO activities
  • Documentary Committee
  • Developed Piracy Model Clauses (VC, TC)
  • Information
  • Piracy information alerts and security bulletins
  • Joint industry booklet "Practical Measures to
    Avoid, Deter, and Delay Piracy Attacks
  • IMO
  • Member of Correspondence Group revising MSC
    Guidance Circular
  • Industry spokesperson at Djibouti meeting
    finalising regional code
  • UN
  • Member of Best Practices Working Group observer
    at UN Contact Group
  • EU Naval Coordination
  • Part-time secondee as Merchant Navy Liaison

Piracy Somalia
  • U.S. Congress hearing on international piracy
  • INTERTANKO emphasised that governments must take
    appropriate action to -
  • provide/maintain sufficient military assets
  • ensure coordinated approach among military assets
    for effective protection and response
  • ensure single/compatible rules of engagement
  • develop legal authority to prosecute captive
  • develop long-term solution on land - solve
    problem at root not just fight symptoms

Piracy - Somalia
  • Guidance to Industry
  • Generic
  • IMO Circular 623 (Rev 3)
  • Region Specific
  • UN Contact Group Best Management Practices
  • OCIMF/INTERTANKO/Industry Guide
  • Piracy - The East Africa/Somalia Situation
  • Practical Measures to Avoid, Deter or Delay
    Piracy Attacks

Piracy - Somalia
  • Guidance for Gulf of Aden / Somalia
  • Pre-transit
  • Assess Risk
  • Plan self-defensive measures
  • Register with MSCHOA
  • IF appropriate, join Group Transit
  • During transit
  • Stay alert
  • Report to UKMTO
  • Follow best practices

6. Tanker Incidents
1000 ts spilt
Billion tonne-miles
1000 ts spilt
Billion tonne-miles
Record low pollution in 2008
Number incidents
Tanker incidents 2008 by type
Source INTERTANKO/ITOPF/Fearnleys/LMIU/Others
6. Tanker Incidents
Tanker groundings
Tanker hull machinery
Tanker Engine incidents
Year lt10 years 10-24 years gt25 years Total Average age
2002 4 15 3 22 17.5
2003 3 8 3 14 18.4
2004 2 7 3 12 18.8
2005 9 20 5 34 17.6
2006 12 17 3 32 14.3
2007 20 25 3 48 13.2
2008 25 24 10 59 15.6
2009 4 3   7 9.7
Total 79 119 30 228 15.6
Tanker Engine incidents
Based on data from LMIU, ITOPF others
Asian Members Seminar
  • Seminar Overview
  • Welcome and Introduction
  • Asian Panel
  • Regional Meetings and Events
  • Cooperative Mechanism
  • Council Agenda Overview
  • Piracy
  • Regional Update
  • International Perspective
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Hebei Spirit Update
  • Tanker Incidents
  • Overview of trends
  • Regional developments
  • Presentation by Simon Stonehouse, Brit Insurance
  • Any other business

Initiatives to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions
4. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Shipping has a head start as the most energy
    efficient means of transport

CO2 Emissions per Unit Load by Transport Mode
4. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Shipping energy efficient
Source Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and
Transport (Japan) The Survey on Transport Energy
2001/2002 MOL (Japan) Environmental and Social
Report 2004
GREEN Credentials
4. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • This car, weighing one tonne, uses 1 litre of
    fuel to move 20 kms
  • This oil tanker uses 1 litre of fuel to move one
    tonne of cargo 2,500 kms
  • more than twice as far as 20 years ago

One particular challenge for the shipping
industry- i.e. seaborne trade will continue to
grow strongly
4. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Trends Population, Energy Use, Seaborne trade
CO2 emissions
Source Fearnleys/INTERTANKO
4. Greenhouse Gas EmissionsDrivers for Change
  • Driven hardest by a limited number of governments
  • Supported mostly by EU governments, plus Japan,
    Australia, Canada and a few others
  • Until recently only limited support in US (mostly
    environmental interests)
  • Relatively little enthusiasm in much of the
    developing world, but now changing ?
  • Environmental Lobby growing
  • And becoming more coordinated
  • Maritime industries showing considerable support
  • Proactive involvement
  • Although hesitant on market based instruments
  • Economic incentives strong
  • Fuel savings translate into potentially
    significant cost savings plus incentives for
    innovation new technologies

Kyoto Protocol
4. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Established under UN Framework Convention on
    Climate Change (UNFCCC) and adopted in 1997
  • Ratified by 181 countries not the USA
  • Categorises Annex 1 (Developed) Countries and
    Non-Annex 1 (Developing) Countries
  • Annex 1 are committed to make GHG reductions with
    set targets, but also flexible mechanisms
  • Runs through to 2012, with Conference of Parties
    (COP15) to meet in Copenhagen in Dec 2009 to
    develop successor
  • Kyoto recognises common but differentiated
    responsibilities, i.e. developed countries
    produce more GHGs and should be responsible for
  • Kyoto looks to IMO to address Shipping and ICAO
    to address Aviation, and as such these emissions
    are currently excluded from Kyoto targets

Initiatives underway at the IMO
4. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • 1998 IMO initiated work on Green House Gas
  • 2003 IMO Assembly adopted Resolution A.963(23)
    Policies and Practices Related to the Reduction
    of GHG from Ships
  • Today Work continues through the MEPC
  • This year we can expect MEPC 59 to adopt -
  • Mandatory Energy Efficiency Design Index for
    new ships
  • Ship Energy Management Plan existing ships
  • - Best practices to save energy used by the
  • - Use of voluntary Energy Efficiency
    Operational Indicator
  • In December the outcome(s) of MEPC 59 will be
    presented to UNFCCC COP15 meeting in Copenhagen

Initiatives underway at the IMO
4. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Ship Performance Index CO2 / work done
  • e.g. tonnes of CO2 produced per tonne mile of
  • Energy efficiency design index mandatory for new
    -ships incentivises designers and builders.
  • At the next stage The ships design index should
    be less than a maximum limit to be set by
  • The maximum value will then be lowered over time.
  • Voluntary energy efficiency operational
    indicator - measures efficiency of ship in
  • A management tool for owners and charterers to
    measure energy efficiency on a voyage.
    Incentivises the owner to keep hull and machinery
    clean and charterer to use the ship efficiently
    capacity, routing and speed.

SEMP Examples of Best Practicesfor tanker
emissions energy efficiency
  1. Programme for Measuring and Monitoring Ship
  2. Voyage Optimization Programme
  3. Speed selection optimization
  4. Optimised route planning
  5. Trim Optimization
  6. Propulsion Resistance Management Programme
  7. Hull Resistance
  8. Propeller Resistance
  9. Machinery Optimisation Programme
  10. Main Engine monitoring and optimisation
  11. Optimisation of lubrication as well as other
    machinery and equipment
  12. Cargo Handling Optimization
  13. Cargo vapours control procedure on all crude
    tankers (80-90 reduction of cargo vapours)
  14. Cargo temperature control optimization
  15. Energy Conservation Awareness Plan
  16. On board and on shore training and
    familiarisation of companys efficiency programme
  17. Accommodation-specific energy conservation

IMO is also reviewing possible economic measures
(instruments) to reduce CO2 emissions
  • Emissions Trading Scheme
  • Bunker Levy
  • GHG Compensation Scheme
  • Hybrids of above
  • Other, e.g. differentiated charges
  • Industry has established Guiding principles and
    believe any measure should
  • Be effective in reducing global GHG emissions
  • Be binding on and applicable to all ships
  • Be cost effective
  • Not distort competition
  • Support sustainable environmental development
    without penalising trade growth
  • Promote technical innovation and leading
  • Be practical, transparent, fraud-free, easy to

4. Greenhouse Gas EmissionsMarket Based
  • Key issues
  • Global versus regional ?
  • Who administers ?
  • Still needed if other industry initiatives in
    place ?
  • ETS
  • Sets Cap reduces over time
  • Open versus Closed system ?
  • Value of carbon different schemes
  • Levy
  • Does not set cap
  • A tax on fuel (used)
  • GHG Compensation scheme
  • Does not set cap
  • A tax for a good cause i.e. a charity !

Initiatives already under way- parallel
voluntary measures
  • For most ship types, some form of
  • Speed optimisation
  • Voyage optimisation
  • Capacity optimisation
  • is already in hand.
  • For Tankers
  • Liaison is encouraged between owners and
    charterers to optimise vessel speed and voyage
  • http//

Other initiatives under discussion
  • Pending the setting of mandatory upper limits for
    the Energy Efficiency Design Index of new ships,
    there exists the potential for
  • The Establishment of a Reference Value for a New
    Ship (i.e. a Target)
  • Development of a Rating System relative to the
    Reference Value
  • Similar to the performance rating of white goods

Other initiatives already under way- parallel
voluntary measures
  • Ports / terminals
  • Ports developing Environmental Ship Index (for
    pollutants and GHGs)
  • Incentives to improve port efficiency
  • Reward environmentally friendly ships with lower
    port dues

UNCTAD ConferenceMaritime Transport and the
Climate Change Challenge
Engine Design Fuel Efficiency Gain
Engine derating lt 3.5
Diesel electric drives 5-30
Combined diesel electric and diesel mechanical drives lt4
Waste heat recovery lt10
Enhanced engine tuning and part load operation lt4
Common rail engine lt1
New Build
Offshore Supply
Estimates of fuel efficiency improvements are
drawn from (Wartsila, 2008), (Green, Winebrake,
Corbett, 2008), (Bond, 2008)
Source International Transport Forum 2009, OECD
UNCTAD ConferenceMaritime Transport and the
Climate Change Challenge
Propulsion Systems Fuel Efficiency Gain
Wing thrusters lt10
Counter-rotating propellers lt12
Optimised propeller-hull interface lt4
Propeller-rudder Unit lt4
Optimised propeller blade sections lt2
Propeller tip Winglets lt4
Propeller nozzle lt5
Propeller Efficiency Monitoring lt4
Efficient Propeller Speed Modulation lt5
Pulling Thruster lt10
Wind power Flettner rotor lt30
Wind power Kites Sails lt20
New Build
Offshore Supply
Criminalisation of the Seafarer- and unfair
2. Council Agenda Overview
  • Criminalisation legislation
  • - Find the guilty culture rather than a
    thorough investigation of the cause
  • Failure to adhere to IMO/ILO Guidelines on the
    Fair Treatment of Seafarers in the Event of a
    Maritime Accident

Criminalisation of Seafarers - Update
2. Council Agenda Overview
  • EU Ship Source Pollution Directive
  • Hebei Spirit officers

EU Ship Source Pollution Directive
2. Council Agenda Overview
  • Criminalises accidental pollution
  • Review of the legality of the EU Ship Source
    Pollution Directive was brought in December 2005
    by an industry coalition led by INTERTANKO.
  • June 2006, the English High Court remitted the
    case to Luxembourg. Case heard before the Grand
    Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ)
    September 2007. Opinion of Advocate General
    Kokott published November 2007.
  • ECJ delivered judgment June 2008.
  • In brief, the ECJ ruled that the Directive
  • - cannot be assessed by reference to MARPOL as
    the Community itself (unlike its Member States)
    is not a party to MARPOL.
  • - cannot be assessed by reference to UNCLOS as,
    although the Community is a party to UNCLOS, that
    Convention does not give individuals rights or
    freedoms on which they can rely against States.
  • The Court has held that the use of the term
    serious negligence does not infringe the
    requirement of certainty in Community
  • This departs from the opinion of Advocat General
    Kokott, who concluded that the validity of the
    Directive should be tested by reference to MARPOL
    and UNCLOS, and that it exceeds Community powers
    unless serious negligence is construed to have
    different meanings inside and outside territorial
    waters. This leaves the Member State legislators
    in some difficulty, having to use the same
    terminology whilst interpreting it differently
    depending on where the incident takes place.

Hebei Spirit Update
Hebei Spirit Update
Hebei Spirit Update
Hebei Spirit Update
  • Dec 07 - Anchored VLCC hit by crane barge
  • Jun 08 - Hebei Two (Master and C/O) found
  • But prosecutors lodged appeal preventing Hebei
    Twos release
  • Dec 08 - INTERTANKO published open letter to the
    President of Korea in the Korean Times,
    expressing the hope that Hebei Two cleared.
  • Dec 08 - Korean Appeal Court concluded Samsung
    only partially responsible for the allision, and
    only responsible for 10 of the oil spilled.
  • Hebei Two considered a "flight risk" and ordered
    straight to prison in handcuffs - media spectacle
    to calm public feelings over the pollution.

Hebei Spirit Update
  • 15 Jan 09 - Hebei Two bailed by Supreme Court in
    Seoul (USD 7,500 each). However they must stay at
    Seoul hotel - not allowed to leave Korea without
    Supreme Court permission
  • Supreme Court said that, in granting bail, it
    took into account international opinion and the
    special characteristics of the case
  • Protest rally deferred but not cancelled

Hebei Spirit Update
  • Jan 09 - Plans set in motion for protest rally
    with the ITF, IMEC and V.Ships on 23 January
    outside Korean Embassy in London to draw
    international media attention to this case
  • Rare unanimity in statements and determined
    action from Round Table, ITF, IG, IMEC
  • Jan 09 - V.Ships representatives organised London
    meeting with Korean Ambassador Chun Yung-woo
    Ki-tack Lim, Maritime Counsellor and Jung Hyung
    Taek, Marine Judge of the Korean Maritime Safety

Hebei Spirit Update
  • Supreme Court verdict Thursday 23 April
  • INTERTANKOs Chairman invited top execs of
    Members to sign strong open letter
  • deep regret and disappointment at sentencing and
    criminalisation of Hebei Two
  • Supreme Court to restore lower court's innocent
  • Korea to release and repatriate Hebei Two
  • Letter signed by 118 CEOs/Chairmen/MDs, mostly
    from among our Members ( a few from INTERCARGO,
    BIMCO, InterManager)
  • We want exoneration and repatriation

Hebei Spirit Update
  • INTERTANKO statement in Koreas Supreme Court
    Appeal against criminal convictions of Hebei Two 
  • Addresses accepted industry good practice, good
    seamanship and tanker safety. 
  • Highlights absolute priority to ensure safety of
    crew and ship

Hebei Spirit Update
6. Tanker Incidents
  • 2. Regional Developments
  • Singapore Port Waters
  • Straits User Group data
  • MPA/INTERTANKO dialogue
  • INTERTANKO Proposal
  • Tanker Incidents and Near-miss Information
  • VTIS
  • Pilotage
  • Industry Best Practice

Asian Members Seminar
  • Seminar Overview
  • Welcome and Introduction
  • Asian Panel
  • Regional Meetings and Events
  • Cooperative Mechanism
  • Council Agenda Overview
  • Piracy
  • Regional Update
  • International Perspective
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Hebei Spirit Update
  • Tanker Incidents
  • Overview of trends
  • Regional developments
  • Any other business

7. Any other business
  • Singapore Vetting - singaporeinspection_at_intertanko
  • Maritime Industry Foundation
  • ...