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Clean Energy and Sustainable Development Clean Fossil Energy Opportunities: CO2 Capture and Storage

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Energy Week 2006 The World Bank Group Clean Energy and Sustainable Development Clean Fossil Energy Opportunities: CO2 Capture and Storage Dr. Jacek Podkanski – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Clean Energy and Sustainable Development Clean Fossil Energy Opportunities: CO2 Capture and Storage


1
Clean Energy and Sustainable DevelopmentClean
Fossil Energy OpportunitiesCO2 Capture and
Storage
Energy Week 2006 The World Bank Group
Dr. Jacek Podkanski International Energy
Agency jacek.podkanski_at_iea.org
2
What is CO2 capture storage?
  • Capturing CO2 from the gas streams emitted during
    electricity production, industrial processes or
    fuel processing
  • Transporting the captured CO2 by pipeline or in
    tankers
  • Storing CO2 underground in deep saline aquifers,
    depleted oil and gas reservoirs or unminable coal
    seams

3
Global CO2 emissions
4
Emission stabilisationMarginal CO2 abatement cost
5
Capture at various CO2 prices
6
CO2 capture by process area
7
CO2 emissions from electricity generation
8
Electricity production by power plants fitted
with CCS, by region
9
Fuel market implicationsCCS impact on coal use
at 50/t CO2
CCS impact
2050 50/t CO2 results in 80 or 40 decline in
coal use, depending on availability of CCS
10
Challenges
  • RDD gaps
  • Public awareness and acceptance
  • Legal and regulatory framework
  • Long-term policy framework and
  • incentives

11
Carbon Capture StorageResearch, Development,
Demonstration and Deployment
  • US
  • EU
  • Canada
  • Australia
  • Germany
  • UK
  • Norway
  • France
  • Italy
  • Japan,
  • Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum
  • International Energy Agency
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
  • World Energy Council
  • Bilateral Agreements,

National Programs
International Collaboration
  • Alstom ExxonMobil
  • BP EniTecnologie SpA
  • ChevronTexaco
  • EPRI Shell International
  • RWE AG Total
  • Rio Tinto, Schlumberger,

Industry
12
Programme Members
18 Member Countries 13 Industrial Sponsors
13
Japanese Vision - Development for 21st Century
14
Japanese Roadmap Development Starting Point
15
Japanese C3 Initiative toward ZET Coal Utilisation
16
Japanese RD Programme
  • IGCC Demonstration Project
  • Demonstration of 250 MW IGCC (based on oxygen
    enriched air blown gasifier) to be operational by
    2007
  • Target efficiency (LHV basis) 48
  • Energy Application for Gas, Liquid and
    Electricity (EAGLE) Programme
  • Target to deploy 50 MWe IGFC by 2010 (for
    distributed electricity)
  • Target to deploy 600 MWe IGFC by 2020
  • Oxy-Combustion Development
  • International cooperation with Australia
  • Hyper-Coal Project (Ultra Clean Coal Project)
  • International cooperation with Australia
  • Target to produce coal processed to remove ash
    and other undesirable components which will be
    fired directly in a turbine.

17
Australia Coal21 Action Plan
18
Australian RD Programme
  • Oxy-Combustion Development
  • Japanese-Australian cooperation
  • Pilot Scale study for PC Boiler Retrofit (25 MWe)
    Callide A Project
  • IGCC Demonstration Plant Programme
  • Demonstration of IGCC with carbon capture
    programme
  • Pilot plant study (16 MW and 65 MW)
  • 200 MW will be commissioned at Stanwell Power
    Station by 2010 - depending on the outcome of the
    feasibility study
  • IDGCC for brown coal
  • Target to commission 800 MWe IDGCC by 2010
  • 100 MW IDGCC demonstration project is currently
    at site selection and costing stage. Decision to
    proceed will be made by mid-2006
  • Ultra Clean Coal Development Programme
  • International cooperation with the Japanese
    (Hyper Coal Project)
  • A relationship was developed with the Chinese
    power utilities

19
USA Roadmap Development Principle
  • Short-term keep existing fleet in service
    prepare for transition to near-zero-emission
    future
  • SO2, NOx, Hg
  • Plant optimization and control
  • Reduced carbon intensity
  • Long-term add near-zero emission energy plants
  • IGCCs to market
  • Advanced materials
  • Ultra-high efficiency hybrid systems
  • CO2 capture and storage

Rev. 071404
20
USA Roadmap Development
  • Global Climate Change Initiative
  • set a target of 18 GHG emission intensity
    reduction by 2012 (baseline year 2001)
  • Future Gen Integrated Sequestration and
    Hydrogen Research Initiative
  • US 1 Billion 10 year programme
  • Target to demonstration a 275MW polygeneration
    plant by 2015
  • Turbine of the Future Programme
  • Development of Gas Turbine firing with H2 rich
    fuel

Rev. 071404
21
USA Overview of the FutureGen Programme
Fuel Cells
Carbon Sequestration
Gasification with Cleanup Separation
System Integration
Optimized Turbines
H2 Production
22
USA Roadmap Development
  • Clean Coal Technology
  • Clean Coal Power Initiative (2001 2011)
  • US 2 Billion over 10 years
  • Power Plant Improvement Initiative (2001)
  • Focus on efficiency improvement and emission
    reduction
  • VISION 21 Programme 21st Century Power Plant
  • Material Development Programme
  • Development of boiler material to achieve
    operating steam temperature greater than 750oC

Rev. 071404
23
Vision 21 Programme - Strategy
24
(No Transcript)
25
German COORETEC Programme
26
UK CAT Options are complementary
27
EC CO2 Capture and Storage RD Policy
A Priority in Long Term Energy RD in FP6
(2002-2006)
  • Capture and sequestration of CO2, associated with
    cleaner fossil fuel plants.
  • Targets reduce the cost of CO2 capture from
    50-60 to 20-30 per tonne of CO2 captured,
    whilst aiming at achieving capture rates above
    90, and assess the reliability and long term
    stability of sequestration.

28
Components of FP7
  • Continued focus on Carbon Capture and Storage
  • Re-introduction of Clean Coal Technology in
    recognition of the drive for greater efficiency
    whilst CCS is developed and deployed
  • Technology Platform to advise on strategy and
    direction of these two elements

29
European Based RD Programme
  • CCS Projects
  • Enhanced Capture of CO2 in Large Power Plant
    (ENCAP) Project FP6 funded project
  • CO2 from Capture and Storage (CASTOR) FP6
    funded project dealing with post-combustion
    capture
  • ISCC (In-situ CO2 Capture Technology for Solid
    Fuel Gasification) FP6 funded project
  • Vattenfall taking the initiative 30 MW pilot
    plant study
  • Polygeneration of Hydrogen and Electricity
  • HYPOGEN Project
  • Material Development Programme
  • Component Test Facility for a 700oC Power Plant
    (COMTES700) RFCS funded project continuation
    of AD700 programme

30
International Energy AgencyWorking Party on
Fossil Fuels and IEA Clean Coal CentreG8 Plan
of Action Cleaner Fossil Fuels
Global database with complete information on
efficiency of fossil-based electricity
generation Report on best practices in power
plant operation Series of case studies on
recently constructed plants
Report on potential of upgrades and
replacement Report on potential of future
developments Global conference and three
regional workshops
Joint effort of IEA and IEA Clean Coal Centre in
collaboration with the World Bank, European
Commission, World Energy Council, VGB, EOn
Focus on Russia and Five Developing Countries
Final Report to the G8 in mid-2008 WB/IFIs
Review of deliverables
31
International Energy AgencyWorking Party on
Fossil Fuels and IEA GHG RD ProgrammeG8 Plan
of Action Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
  • Workshop on Early CCS Opportunities CO2 Enhanced
    Oil Recovery, CO2 Separation from Natural Gas
  • organised jointly by the IEAs WPFF and Oil and
    Gas Advisory Group, Chevron, US Energy
    Association, IEA GHG RD Programme and EOR RD
  • San Francisco, 22-23 August 2006
  • gathering of professionals from industry and
    research institutions information exchange,
    preparation of dissemination and popularization
    conference
  • follow-up publication
  • conferences to disseminate information and
    popularise early opportunities (2007).

Coordination with the CSLF Involvement of
developing countries
32
International Energy AgencyWorking Party on
Fossil Fuels and IEA GHG RD Programme G8 Plan
of Action Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
  • Study on capture ready plant
  • Engineering and cost study on capture ready plant
    (GHG RD Programme, on going subcontracting
    process)
  • Report on policy instruments and incentives for
    capture ready plant (IEA Secretariat)
  • Dissemination efforts

Coordination with the CSLF Involvement of
developing countries
33
Long-term policy framework andincentives
  • In addition to the acceleration of RDD funding,
    countries should create a level-playing field for
    CCS alongside other climate change mitigation
    technologies. This includes ensuring that various
    climate change mitigation instruments, including
    market-oriented trading schemes, are adapted to
    include CCS.

34
Conclusions
  • CCS can play a key role in addressing global
    warming
  • mainly through coal plants in coal-rich regions
    but efficiency first
  • but also some natural gas opportunities
  • Carbon incentives are needed, but also
  • Proven technology too early to pick up winning
    technology
  • Acceptable storage
  • Capture ready plant ?

35
jacek.podkanski_at_iea.org
Thank you
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