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Occupational Health and Safety Program

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Occupational Health and Safety Program Personal Protective Equipment Course Outline OSHA Requirements OSHA Standards Selecting PPE for the Workplace Protecting ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Occupational Health and Safety Program


1
Occupational Health and Safety Program
  • Personal Protective Equipment

2
Course Outline
  • OSHA Requirements
  • OSHA Standards
  • Selecting PPE for the Workplace
  • Protecting Employees from Workplace Hazards
  • Hazard Assessment
  • PPE Requirements
  • Training and Qualification
  • Face and Eye Protection
  • Head Protection
  • Foot and Leg Protection
  • Hand and Arm Protection
  • Hearing Protection

3
Getting Credit and Certificate
  • To get full credit and certificate for this
    class, the class facilitator should do the
    following
  • Present the Power Point Presentation and have
    all students study any handouts.
  • Enter the appropriate information into the
    facilitys training records.
  • Send the following information by e-mail to the
    Cabinets Safety Coordinator for each student in
    the class
  • -name,
  • -work address,
  • -work title,
  • -name of class,
  • -date of class.
  • Safety Coordinator-Richard T. Owen at
    Richard.Owen_at_ky.gov.
  • The certificates will be returned to the class
    facilitator for distribution.

4
OSHA Requirements
  • OSHA Standards
  • Training and Qualifications
  • Criteria for PPE
  • Contacts and Prescription (Rx) Lenses
  • Protecting Employees from Workplace Hazards

5
OSHA Standards
  • The following OSHA standards provide mandatory
    requirements and compliance assistance for
    employers when selecting proper eye and face
    protection
  • 1910.132 - General requirements
  • 1910.133 - General Industry
  • 1915.153 - Maritime
  • 1926.102 - Construction
  • 1910.252 - Welding, Cutting, and Brazing

6
Selecting PPE for the Workplace
  • The employer must assess the workplace and
    determine if hazards that necessitate the use of
    eye and face protection are present, or are
    likely to be present, before assigning PPE to
    workers.
  • A hazard assessment determines the risk of
    exposure to eye and face hazards, including
    emergency situations.
  • 1910.132(a)
  • 1915.153(a)(1)
  • 1910.133(a)(1)
  • 1926.153(a)(1)

7
Protecting Employees from Workplace Hazards
  • PPE devices alone should not be relied on to
    provide protection against hazards, but should be
    used in conjunction with guards, engineering
    controls, and sound manufacturing practices.
  • (1910 Subpart I Appendix B)

8
Hazard Assessment
Hazard Type Hazard Type Common related tasks
Impact Flying objects such as large chips, fragments, particles, sand, and dirt. Chipping, grinding, machining, masonry work, wood working, sawing, drilling, riveting, sanding, etc.
Heat Anything emitting extreme heat. Furnace operations, pouring, casting, hot dipping, welding, etc.
Chemicals Splash, fumes, vapors, and irritating mists. Acid and chemical handling, degreasing, plating, and working with blood.
Dust Harmful dust. Woodworking, buffing, and general dusty conditions.
Optical Radiation Radiant energy, glare, and intense light Welding, torch-cutting, -brazing, soldering, and laser work.
9
PPE Requirements
  • Provide adequate protection against the
    particular hazards for which they are designed
    1926.102(a)(6).
  • Be of safe design and construction for the work
    to be performed 1910.132(c).
  • Be reasonably comfortable 1926.102(a)(6)(ii).
  • Fit snugly and shall not unduly interfere with
    the movements of the wearer 1926.102(a)(6)(iii).

10
PPE Requirements
  • Be durable 1926.102(a)(6)(iv).
  • Be capable of being disinfected
    1926.102(a)(6)(v).
  • Be easily cleanable 1926.102(a)(6)(vi).
  • Be distinctly marked 1910.133(a)(4),
    1926.102(a)(7).

11
Training and Qualification
1910.132(f), Employees shall be trained to know
at least the following  
  • When PPE is necessary.
  • What PPE is necessary.
  • How to properly don, doff, adjust, and wear PPE.
  • The limitations of the PPE.
  • The proper care, maintenance, useful life, and
    disposal of the PPE.

12
Training and Qualification
Retraining is required, but not limited to, the
following situations
  • Changes in the workplace.
  • Changes in the types of PPE to be used
  • Inadequacies in an affected employees knowledge
    or use of assigned PPE indicate that the employee
    has not retained the requisite understanding or
    skill.

13
Eye and Face Protection
  • Thousands of people are blinded each year
    from work-related eye injuries. According to the
    Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), nearly three
    out of five workers are injured while failing to
    wear eye and face protection.

14
Eye and Face Protection
  • When employees are trained to work safely
    they should be able to anticipate and avoid
    injury from job-related hazards.

15
Face and Eye Protection
  • Employees must be provided with eye and face
    protection equipment when machines or operations
    present potential eye or face injury from
    physical, chemical, or radiation agents.
  • 1926.102(a)(1)

16
Face and Eye PPE Requirements
  • Eye and face protection must comply with the
    American National Standards Institute, ANSI
    Z87.1-1989 if purchased after July 5, 1994, or
    ANSI Z87.1-1968 if purchased before July 5,1994.
  • 1910.133(b)(1)
  • 1915.153(b)
  • 1926.102(a)

17
Face and Eye Impact Hazards Safety Spectacles
  • Safety spectacles are intended to shield the
    wearer's eyes from impact hazards such as flying
    fragments, objects, large chips, and particles.
  • Workers are required to use eye safety
    spectacles with side shields when there is a
    hazard from flying objects.

1910.133(a)(2) 1915.153(a)(2)
18
Face and Eye Optical Radiation Glare
  • Control Glare with
  • Special-Purpose Spectacles that include filter
    or special-purpose lenses to provide protection
    against eye strain.
  • Changes in your work area or lighting.
  • Tinted eyeglass lenses or visor-type shade.
  •  

19
Face and Eye Optical Radiation Filter Lenses
  • Wearing protection with the correct filter
    shade number is required to protect workers eyes
    from optical radiation. When selecting PPE,
    consider the type and degree of radiant energy in
    the workplace.
  • 1910.133(a)(5) -General Industry
  • 1915.153 (a)(4) -Maritime
  • 1926.102(b)(1) -Construction

20
Face and Eye Heat Hazards Safety Spectacles
  • Safety spectacles with side shields are used as
    primary protection to shield the eyes from heat
    hazards.
  • To adequately protect the eyes and face from
    high temperature exposure, use safety spectacles
    in combination with a heat-reflective face
    shield.

21
Face and Eye Impact Hazards Safety Goggles
  • Safety goggles are intended to shield the
    wearer's eyes from impact hazards such as flying
    fragments, objects, large chips, and particles.
  • Goggles fit the face immediately surrounding
    the eyes and form a protective seal around the
    eyes. This prevents objects from entering under
    or around the goggles. 

22
Face and Eye Contacts and Rx Lenses
  • Employers must ensure that employees who wear
    prescription (Rx) lenses or contacts use PPE that
    incorporates the prescription or use eye
    protection that can be worn over prescription
    lenses.
  • 1910.133(a)(3)
  • 1915.153(a)(3)
  • 1926.102(a)(3)

23
Face and Eye Impact Hazards Face Shields
  • Face shields are intended to protect the
    entire face, or portions thereof, from impact
    hazards such as flying fragments, objects, large
    chips, and particles.
  • When worn alone, face shields do not protect
    employees from impact hazards. Use face shields
    in combination with safety spectacles or goggles
    for additional protection. 

24
Face and Eye Heat Hazards Face Shields
  • Heat-reflective and wire-screen face shields
    are intended to shield the entire face from a
    range of heat hazards.
  • Face shields are considered secondary
    protectors to be used in addition to primary
    protection such as safety spectacles or goggles.

25
Face and Eye Optical Radiation Welding
  • Welding helmets are secondary protectors
    intended to shield the eyes and face from optical
    radiation, heat, and impact.
  • Use welding helmets in addition to primary
    protection such as safety spectacles or goggles
    to provide adequate protection. 

26
Face and Eye Optical Radiation Lasers
  • Workers with exposure to laser beams must be
    furnished suitable laser safety goggles which
    will
  • Protect for the specific wavelength of the laser.
  • Be of optical density adequate for the energy
    involved.
  • 1926.102(b)(2)

27
Head Protection-Hard Hats
  • Employers must ensure that their employees hear
    head protection if any of the following apply
  • Objects might fall from above and strike them on
    the head.
  • They might bump their heads against fixed
    objects, such as exposed pipes or beams.
  • There is a possibility of accidental head
    contact with electrical hazards.

28
Head Protection-Hard Hats
  • Hard hats should do the following
  • Resist penetration by objects.
  • Absorb the shock of a blow.
  • Be water resistant and slow burning.
  • Have clear instructions explaining proper
    adjustment and replacement of the suspension
    and headband.

29
Head Protection-Hard Hats
  • Classifications Under Old and New Standards
  • Z89.1-1986
    Z89.1-1997
  • Old Standard New
    Standard Application Test Voltage
  • A
    G General 2,200 Volts
  • B
    E Electrical
    20,000 Volts
  • C
    C
    Not Tested

30
Head Protection-Hard Hats
  • Hard hats must have a hard outer shell.
  • Hard hats must have a shock absorbing lining.
  • Hard hats must have a headband and straps that
    suspend the shell from 1 to 1 ¼ inches away from
    the head.
  • This design provides shock absorption during an
    impact and ventilation during normal wear.

31
Foot and Leg Protection
  • Employees who face possible foot and/or leg
    injuries from falling or rolling objects or form
    crushing or penetrating materials must wear
    protective footwear.
  • Includes employees whose work involves exposure
    to hot substance or corrosive or poisonous
    materials.
  • If an employees feet may be exposed to
    electrical hazards, non-conductive footwear
    should be worn.
  • Workplace exposure to static electricity may
    necessitate the use of conductive footwear.

32
Foot and Leg Protection
  • Examples of hazards requiring foot and leg
    protection
  • When heavy objects such as tools might fall on
    the employees feet.
  • Working with sharp objects such as nails or
    spiked that could pierce the soles or uppers of
    ordinary shoes.
  • Working on or around hot, wet or slippery
    surfaces.
  • When cutting grass and/or eat eating.
  • When electrical hazards are present.

33
Foot and Leg Protection
  • Safety footwear must met ANSI standards in ANSI
    Z41-1991.

34
Hand and Arm Protection
  • If employees face potential injury to hands and
    arms that cannot be eliminated through
    engineering and work practice controls, employers
    must ensure employee wear appropriate protection.
    Potential hazards include
  • Absorption of harmful substances,
  • Chemical or thermal burns,
  • Electrical dangers,
  • Bruises,
  • Punctures,
  • Fractures, and/or
  • Amputations.

35
Hand and Arm Protection
  • Protective equipment includes
  • Gloves,
  • Finger guards,
  • Arm coverings,
  • Elbow length gloves.

36
Hearing Protection
  • If engineering and work practice controls do not
    lower employee exposure to workplace noise to
    acceptable levels, employees must wear
    appropriate haring protection.
  • Hearing protectors reduce only the amount of
    noise that gets through to the ears.
  • Hearing protectors worn by employees must reduce
    an employees noise exposure to within the
    acceptable limits specified by OSHA.
  • If employees are exposed to occupational noise
    at or above 85 dB averaged over an eight hour
    period, the employer is required to institute a
    hearing conservation program that includes
    regular testing of employees hearing by
    qualified professionals. OSHA Standards describe
    the requirements for a hearing conservation
    program.

37
Hearing Protection-Types
  • SINGLE USE EARPLUGS-made of waxed cotton, foam,
    silicone rubber of fiberglass wool. They are
    self-forming and, when properly inserted, they
    work as well as most molded earplugs.
  • PRE-FORMED OR MOLDED EARPLUGS-must be
    individually fitted by a professional and can be
    disposable or reusable. Reusable plugs should be
    cleaned after each use.
  • EARMUFFS-require a perfect seal around the ear.
    Glasses, facial hair, long hair or facial
    movements such as chewing may reduce the
    protective value of earmuffs.

38
Thank You For Your Participation
  • For additional assistance contact
  • Richard T. Owen
  • Education Cabinet Safety Coordinator
  • 601 East Main Street
  • Frankfort, Kentucky 40601
  • 502-564-7346
  • Richard.Owen_at_ky.gov
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