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Liceo Scientifico - Linguistico Statale

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Title: Liceo Scientifico - Linguistico Statale


1
Liceo Scientifico - Linguistico
Statale Leonardo da Vinci Bisceglie (Italy)
A.S. 2007-2008 COMENIUS PROJECT 1 Contract n.
2007/07 ITA 01 C06 - 01462 2 Food, we
are what we eat teachers Giulia DellOrco,
Giuseppe Torchetti In collaboration
with INSTITUTE SAINT LÔ (FRANCE) ROSBORG
AMTSGYMNASIUM (DENMARK) GRUP SCOLAR INDUSTRIAL
(ROMANIA)
inizio
2
The weight of the body has always been relevant
in the human evolution.
3
Fat people were considered in good health
differently from slim people.
4
Even if in the past food was chosen just as
nourishment
5
today it is chosen for its amount, its
taste, its good looking, quickness and easiness
in its preparation.
6
Recent studies show that the more a person is
fat, the worse is the quality of his life.
7
The modern man makes at least three kinds of
mistakes when he sits at table for a meal he
eats too much he eats hypercaloric food he eats
not natural food
8
A man is, on the biological side, the result of
the transformation of the food that he eats WE
ARE WHAT WE EAT
9
These modern eating habits have consequences on
human health impossible to be avoided.
10
The most common consequences are Hypertension H
ypercholesterolemia Diabetes
11
Hypertension Blood pressure is the force exerted
by blood on the walls of blood vessels.
Normally, the blood pressure is below 120/80
mmHg. If it is higher, we can talk of high
pressure, while hypertension is the chronical
rise of blood pressure.
12
It can cause a stroke, or an aneurysm. It is
dangerous even if pressure is just a little
higher than normal values. The most common form
of hypertension has several contributing
factors salt, obesity, sedentary life,
diabetes, genetics, age
13
We cannot act on genetics and age but we can
avoid hypertension by reducing the amount of
salt, preventing hypercholesterolemia and
diabetes, and by increasing physical activity.
14
Cholesterol Cholesterol is a polycyclic alcohol
whose synthesis occurs in the liver, which
metabolises saturated fats. Our body produces
cholesterol continuously, but it will use only
the necessary amount for the synthesis of biliary
salts, vitamin D and several hormones.
Cholesterol is normally transported in blood by
lipoproteins LDL and HDL.
15
The first one carries cholesterol from the liver
to the other tissues, and the second one in the
opposite direction. The hypercholesterolemia is
an higher amount of cholesterol in the blood
dued to hereditary causes or food. Diet is the
basic treatment of hypercholesterolemia, in order
to reduce the higher levels of cholesterol. Hyperc
holesterolemia can lead to atherosclerosis.
16
Atherosclerosis The atherosclerosis is a disease
which consists of the progressive hardening of
the arteries and loss of elasticity. Although it
is a disease that develops with old age, it could
start to develop very soon.
17
The main clinical symptom of atherosclerosis is
the ischemic heart disease. The most common
causes are lack of physical activity, wrong
diet, smoke, diabetes, obesity and hypertension.
18
The typical damage of atherosclerosis is the
plaque, a thickening of the artery wall. The
plaque is responsible for the symptoms of
atherosclerosis since it obstructs the vessel.
19
When the stenosis of artery exceeds a threshold
level, the passage of the blood is difficult and
nutrition of tissues is compromised.
20
Diabetes Diabetes is a disease characterized by
disordered metabolism and a high level of sugar
in the blood resulting from lower levels of
insulin . The causes of diabetes are still
unknown. It is thought that it is often caused by
hereditary characteristics but it is sure that a
large use of carbohydrates predisposes to this
disease.
21
Diabetes is more common among white people than
among black one, therefore it is a typical
disease of developed countries. Diabetes causes
many complications. Acute complications might
occur if the disease is not adequately
controlled. Serious long-term complications
include cardiovascular diseases, chronic renal
failures, retinal, nerve and microvascular
damages.
22
Since hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and
diabetes depend on a wrong diet, it would be
enough to avoid diet mistakes in order to be
healthy.
23
The most important thing is to match the food we
eat with the capacities of our organism and the
climate of the place we live in.
24
In our case the diet must be composed of a lot of
vegetables and few animal foods.
25
EAT IN COLOUR
26
What food is included in the grains group?
Any food such as bread, rice, pasta, oatmeal,
breakfast cereals, and grits are examples of
grain products.
27
What food is included in the vegetable group?
Any vegetable counts as a member of the vegetable
group. Vegetables may be raw or cooked fresh,
frozen, canned, or dried/dehydrate.
28
What food is included in the fruit group?
Any fruit or 100 fruit juice counts as part of
the fruit group. Fruits may be fresh, canned,
frozen, or dried, and may be whole, cut-up, or
pureed.
29
What food is included in the oil group?
Oils, butter and margarine are fats used in
cooking. Oils come from many different plants,
butter and lard are derived from animals. It is
not healthy to eat large amounts of oils and
butter.
30
What food is included in the milk group?
All foods made from milk are considered part of
this food group. Foods rich in calcium are part
of the group, while foods that have little to no
calcium, such as cream cheese, cream, and butter,
are not.
31
What food is included in the meat beans group?
All foods made from meat, poultry, fish, dry
beans or peas, eggs, nuts, and seeds are
considered part of this group. Dry beans and peas
are part of this group as well as the vegetable
group. Most meat and poultry choices should be
lean or low-fat. Fish, nuts, and seeds contain
healthy oils.
32
The last colour you should use to live better is
white...physical activity!
Physical activity simply means movement of the
body that uses energy. Walking, gardening,
briskly pushing a baby stroller, climbing the
stairs, playing soccer, or dancing the night away
are all good examples of being active. For health
benefits, physical activity should add up to at
least 30 minutes a day.
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
33
Francesco
Tiziano
Vincenzo
Sergio
Marilisa
Rosita
Emiliana
Giuseppe
Giuseppe
Daniele
Elena
Giulia
Giorgia
Emma
Roberta
Marina
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