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The University of Zagreb students' attitudes towards (un)desirability of Croatian joining the European Union International conference Euroscepticism and European Integration Zagreb, 12-13 April 2007

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Title: The University of Zagreb students' attitudes towards (un)desirability of Croatian joining the European Union International conference Euroscepticism and European Integration Zagreb, 12-13 April 2007


1
The University of Zagreb students' attitudes
towards (un)desirability of Croatian joining the
European UnionInternational conference
Euroscepticism and European IntegrationZagreb,
12-13 April 2007
  • Vedrana Spajic-Vrkaš
  • Department of Education
  • Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
  • University of Zagreb

2
Summary
  • In 2006, the Research and Training Centre for
    Human Rights and Democratic Citizenship of the
    Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences from
    Zagreb conducted research on knowledge and
    attitudes about democracy and human rights on
    1.350 university students from Zagreb and Rijeka
    in the context of a three-year scientific project
    on Learning Human Rights at the University which
    was financially supported by the Croatian
    Ministry of Science, Education and Sport. This
    paper focuses on a small portion of the results.
    It contains the analysis of the University of
    Zagreb students attitudes towards
    (un)desirability of Croatian integration into the
    European Union and on the reasons that underlie
    their positions. The analysis is than extended to
    include correlations, in the one hand, between
    attitudes and knowledge on democracy, human
    rights and citizens' rights in international,
    European and national context and, in the other
    hand, between attitudes and some
    socio-demographic characteristics of the
    students. The results are then compared to the
    findings of similar studies conducted in Croatia
    and abroad and are, in the end, commented in the
    light of two theoretical approaches to
    (un)desirability of European integration
    processes in the countries of transition.

3
University HRDC
Key institution
  • Research and Training Centre for Human Rights
    and Democratic Citizenship
  • Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
    (Faculty of Philosophy)
  • University of Zagreb

4
Two Sister-Projects related to the university
HRDC
University Curriculum for Human Rights
and Democratic Citizenship (UHRDC) 2004-2006
  • Learning for
  • Human Rights and
  • Democratic Citizenship
  • at the university
  • (LHRU)
  • 2004-2006

Research on students knowledge and attitudes
Curriculum development implementation
5
LHRU objectives
  • make a survey on the university students
    knowledge of human rights, democracy and related
    issues, including the European integration
  • make a survey on the university students
    attitudes to human rights, democracy and related
    issues, including the European integration
  • establish correlation between the two

and attitudes towards
6
LHRU instruments
  • The Questionnaire on the University Students
    Knowledge (about HR and related issues)
  • The Questionnaire on the University Students
    Attitudes (about HR and related issues)
  • -------------------------------
  • The Questionnaire on Institutional Climate

7
LHRU sample
University of Zagreb (15 institutions) Faculty of Humanities Social Sciences Faculty of Political Sciences Faculty of Law Croatian Studies Teachers Faculty Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Electrotechnics Faculty of Economics Faculty of Kineziology Faculty of Rehabilitation and Education Croatian Studies Faculty of Sciences Faculty of Architecture Police Academy Medical College 1,201
University of Rijeka (5 institutions) Faculty of Philosophy Faculty of Construction Faculty of Law Technical College Teachers College 153
Total 1,354
8
LHRU results
  • (Un)desirability of Croatian EU membership
  • Correlations between attitudes on
    (un)desirability) and
  • knowledge about HR democracy
  • academic success
  • socio-economic background
  • Education of parents
  • attitudes of learning HR and related issues
    during the study
  • self-perception on the impact of war

9
(Un)desirability of membership
Frequency Percent Mean
extremely undesirable 100 8,4
undesirable 221 18,5
neither desirable nor undesirable 389 32,6
desirable 396 33,2
extremely desirable 88 7,4
Total 1194 100,0 3,08
10
Reasons for desirability
Rank Reasons N
1 higher standard of living 248 21,6
2 greater employment opportunities 232 20,2
3 more freedom of movement 152 13,3
4 higher quality of education 115 10,0
5 better relations with neighbours 100 8,7
6 faster democratization 87 7,6
7 more impartial efficient justice system 82 7,1
8 better protection of human rights 48 4,2
9 more security 38 3,3
10 better environmental protection 16 1,4
other 29 2,5
Total 1147 100,0
11
Reasons for undesirability
Rank Reasons N
1 exploitation of national wealth 530 46,2
2 threat to Croatian national identity 227 19,8
3 increase in poverty 165 14,4
4 degradation of agriculture 82 7,1
5 more limitation to state sovereignty 53 4,6
6 environmental destruction 28 2,4
7 greater immigration 24 2,1
8 worsening of education quality 11 1,0
other 27 2,4
Total 1147 100,0
12
Correlation found between attitudes towards
(un)desirability of membership and the following
  • knowledge about European HR system
  • learning about human rights democracy during
    the university study
  • level of education of both parents
  • place of residence
  • allowance per month

13
No correlation has been found between attitudes
towards (un)desirability of membership and the
following
  • average university grade
  • feeling the consequences of war

14
Rank Trust in N Mean (1-5) Std. Deviation
1 oneself 1191 4,55 ,658
2 friends 1192 4,37 ,689
3 relatives 1186 4,22 ,824
4 science 1190 3,78 ,745
5 young people 1188 3,51 ,823
6 education system 1190 3,37 ,757
7 NGOs 1181 3,16 ,832
8 health protection system 1193 2,91 ,840
9 church 1192 2,89 1,216
10 national companies 1185 2,88 ,778
11 army 1194 2,87 ,935
12 trade unions 1185 2,85 ,788
13 media 1190 2,82 ,788
14 police 1191 2,61 ,863
15 multinational companies 1183 2,54 ,842
16 EU 1192 2,50 ,918
17 legal system 1192 2,33 ,819
18 NATO 1189 2,30 ,857
19 ICTY 1190 2,22 ,979
20 executive government 1192 2,20 ,822
21 Parliament 1191 2,13 ,839
15
How much do they work in the interest of Croatia?
Rank Institution/ organisation N Mean (1-5) Std. Deviation
1 Croatian Red Cross 1032 3,85 ,893
2 Croatian Helsinki Committee 854 3,12 1,015
3 OSCE 856 2,80 ,924
4 UN 1003 2,77 ,942
5 EU 1069 2,71 ,925
6 Council of Europe 942 2,70 ,862
7 MMF 918 2,50 ,955
8 World Bank 943 2,45 ,940
9 WTO 910 2,40 ,902
10 NATO 956 2,34 ,936
11 ICTY 1076 2,26 1,121
16
The perception of the greatest problems of the
Croatian society
Rank problems of the Croatian society
1 bribery, corruption and fraud 36
2 unimployment 16
3 low level of education of Croatian citizens 10
4 poverty of the majority 7
5 the lack of accountability and capability of the government/administration 7
6 conjugation of government and crime 6
7 the lack of responsibility and discipline at work 5
8 focus on material values 3
9 violence of individual rights 2
10 other 8
Total 100
17
Self-perception of the level of familiarity with
certain topics
Rank Level of familiarity (being informed) N Mean Std. deviation
1 changes in education and sciences 1193 3,51 ,826
2 social problems 1192 3,33 ,784
3 terrorism and arm conflicts 1192 3,21 ,923
4 arts and culture 1192 3,16 ,909
5 environmental protection 1194 3,04 ,840
6 politics 1194 2,93 ,965
7 fight against organised crime 1191 2,92 ,896
8 European integration processes 1191 2,85 ,981
9 problems facing underdeveloped countries 1190 2,84 ,888
10 economic development 1191 2,73 ,859
11 activities of international organisations 1191 2,52 ,833
18
Learning about HR democracy at the university
(1)
N1040
19
Learning about HR democracy at the university
(2)
N1039
20
Learning about HR democracy at the university
(3)
N1018
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