Sustainable Intensification of Maize-Legumes-Livestock Farming Systems in Eastern and Southern Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Sustainable Intensification of Maize-Legumes-Livestock Farming Systems in Eastern and Southern Africa

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Sustainable Intensification of Maize-Legumes-Livestock Farming Systems in Eastern and Southern Africa * * * * * * Outline Process Context CN: goals, objectives ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sustainable Intensification of Maize-Legumes-Livestock Farming Systems in Eastern and Southern Africa


1
Sustainable Intensification of Maize-Legumes-Lives
tock Farming Systems in Eastern and Southern
Africa
2
Outline
  • Process
  • Context
  • CN goals, objectives, outputs
  • Geographic focus constraints
  • Research
  • Impact pathway hypotheses
  • Operationalization

3
Process
  • USAID planning meeting for ESA, Addis Ababa,
    17-18 October 2011 research agenda
  • Input from researchers Hombolo Agriculture
    Research Institute mid Nov 2011
  • Writing team e-mail exchange end Nov 2011

4
Context
  • FtF Tz reducing poverty improving nutrition key
    investments Morogoro (rice) Manyara and Dodoma
    (maize) Arusha, Kilima, Tanga, Zan, Dar,
    Morogoro, Iringa, Mbeya (hort)
  • FtF Global transformation of agricultural systems
    through SI
  • Proposed research links to CGIARs international
    research CRP 1.1 and 1.2 integration of
    components for SI
  • Research builds on SIMLESA

5
Goal, purpose
  • Increase agric. productivity growth, economic
    growth, food production, food and nutrition
    security, NRM and reduce poverty in FtF areas
    (Gvt/CAADP)
  • Increase productivity of maize-legume-livestock
    production systems, resilience and
    agro-ecosystems services
  • Services provisioning food/non-food water soil
    conservation, soil nutrient supply and cycling
    soil health and structure carbon sequestration
    biodiversity climate change

6
Objectives, Outputs
  • Participatory diagnosis, characterization of
    agro-ecologies, farming systems, land use,
    gender, market research priorities (O1)
  • Integrated options for assembling crop,
    agro-forestry, livestock technologies for SI (O2)
  • Integrated options for value chains,
    institutional, policy innovations for SI
    (farm-market) (O3)
  • Marketing and institutional/policy options for
    scaling up and out SI (village-district-region-nat
    ional-neighbouring countries) (O4)
  • Capacity built (O5)

7
Geographic focus
8
FTF Target Areas Chronic Food Insecurity and
Poverty with High-Growth Potential
Arusha
Kilimanjaro
Manyara
Tanga
Zanzibar
Dodoma
Morogoro
Dar Es Salaam
Pwani
Iringa
Mbeya
8
9
Crops and livestock
  • Maize in 3 zones (sorghum, millets, cassava,
    sweet potatoes, potatoes, rice) sunflower,
    simsim (cash crops)
  • Legumes pigeon pea, groundnuts, cowpeas, beans,
    soybeans (lablab)
  • Vegetables tomatoes, onions, indigenous veg.,
    garlic
  • Livestock cattle (dairy) goats (dairy)
    poultry (sheep, pig)

10
Constraints Crops Gender
  • Information constraints farmers, extension, seed
    companies, agro-dealers, social planners
  • Certified seed of improved varieties
    availability, access and affordability/profitabili
    ty, quality
  • Natural factors infertile soils, erratic
    rainfall, pests and diseases, weeds (striga)
    inorganic fertilizers irrigation
  • Extension personnel, methods (messages/media)
  • Mechanization hand-hoe, ox plough, power tillers
  • Marketing efficiency, bargaining power

11
Constraints Crops Gender
  • Post-harvest management, value addition
    (storage, processing)
  • Credit collateral
  • Transportation/access roads
  • Policies (marketing grades and standards, variety
    registration, foundation seed, input quality
    control, subsidies)

12
Constraints Livestock Gender
  • Information constraints farmers, extension, NGOs
  • Breeds Access and affordability/profitability
  • Diseases (e.g. East Coast fever tick-borne
    (cattle) worms, foot rot, mange (goats) Lack of
    dips, clinics
  • Lack of pasture/feed (drought season)
  • Marketing
  • Veterinary extension
  • Government policies (marketing, land use, land
    tenure)

13
Research Framework Build on-going Many ..e.g.
AEI
14
Research Build on-going
  • GIS mapping, baselines
  • Participatory evaluation of integrated best bets
    (RCT)
  • Evaluate VC innovations to support SI
  • Assess scalability
  • Capacity building Farmers, extension, traders,
    government decision makers

15
Capacity built
16
Hypotheses
  • Integrating research products and development
    interventions generates synergies among market
    access, on-farm productivity and NRM
  • Improves delivery of services to farmers
  • Increases adoption by farmers
  • Generates impact on outcomes of interest farm
    level (efficiency, yields, profits, NRM)
  • Generates impact on welfare (incomes,
    consumption, nutrition, health, gender, NRM)
  • Generates impact at aggregate level spillovers

17
Operationalization
  • Task forces
  • Research area Diagnostics characterization
    gender integration of components gender value
    chains gender scaling out gender
  • Research issues Maize-legumes-vegetables
    livestock-tree-fodder NRM-plant health Scaling
    out (Gender cross cutting)
  • Design in continental context

18
Conclusions
  • Systems-based, multidisciplinary, multicentre,
    multi-stakeholder approach focusing on
    maize-legumes-livestock to improving livelihoods
    in FTF area
  • Research to test, address multiple, interacting,
    multilevel constraints building on-going
    activities
  • Innovative research methods (RCT)
  • Expected impacts at large scale through
    partnerships

19
THANK YOU
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