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A Case For Freedom

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Title: A Case For Freedom Author: gb2user Last modified by: jlbrud Created Date: 9/29/2005 3:32:15 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Case For Freedom


1
A Case For Freedom
  • Dred Scott V. Sanford
  • 1846-1857

2
Background
  • Dred Scott purchased by John Emerson from the
    family of Peter Blow
  • Emerson, military physician was stationed at Rock
    Island, IL (Free State)
  • Emerson, Transferred to Fort Snelling (Modern day
    St. Paul, MN.) (Federal Territory Slavery
    prohibited)
  • Dred Scott met and married Harriet Robinson at
    Fort Snelling
  • Emerson Transferred to Fort Jesup in western
    Louisiana.
  • Emerson met and married Irene Sanford while
    stationed at Fort Jesup

3
  • Emerson transferred back to Fort Snelling
    accompanied by his new wife and the Scotts
  • Emerson transferred to Florida while Mrs. Emerson
    and the Scotts now with two children move to St.
    Louis and wait for his return.
  • Emerson discharged from service in 1842.
  • 1843 Emerson dies.
  • Dred Scott and family are loaned to Mrs.
    Emersons brother-in-law.
  • Later returned in to Mrs. Emerson in St. Louis in
    1846.

4
The Argument
  • On return to St. Louis Scott wanted freedom for
    himself and his family.
  • Receives support from the Blow family.
  • Irene Emerson wanted to retain ownership.
  • Dred Scott and his wife bring separate suits
    against Mrs. Emerson.
  • Two Cases eventually combined into one

5
  • Scotts Attorneys argued that by holding him as a
    slave in Illinois (free state) and Federal
    Territory that Emerson had thereby emancipated
    him.

6
Missouri Courts
  • Missouri State Circuit Court ruled against Scott
    to a technical deficiency in preparing his case.
  • Judge Granted a motion for a new trial.
  • Mrs. Emersons counsel challenged the motion in
    Missouri Supreme Court.
  • Missouri Supreme Court sides with Scott for new
    trial.
  • New trial in 1850 declares Scott a free man

7
  • Mrs. Emerson appeals to Missouri State Supreme
    Court.
  • In 1852 Missouri Supreme Court rules against
    Scott, and declares that Missouri will no longer
    enforce other state antislavery laws on its own
    citizens.
  • In Missouri Scott remained a slave
  • Missouri State Court Documents

8
Federal Court
  • Scott vs. Emerson becomes Scott vs. Sandford
    (Sanford)
  • Federal Jury sides with Sanford
  • Writ of error takes Scott vs. Sandford to the
    U.S. Supreme Court

9
U.S. Supreme Court
  • February 1856 Supreme court case begins
  • Sanfords argument
  • Fears of Disunion delay case
  • December 1856 Case re-opened
  • March 5th 1857 7 of 9 court justices rule against
    Scott. Ruling that Scott was never a citizen of
    the United States.

10
Court Justices
  • Ruled Against Scott
  • Chief Justice Taney
  • Justice Wayne
  • Justice Nelson
  • Justice Grier
  • Justice Daniel
  • Justice Campbell
  • Justice Catron
  • Ruled for Scott
  • Justice McLean
  • Justice Curtis

11
Effects of the Case
  • Kansas Nebraska Act 1854
  • Missouri Compromise declared unconstitutional
  • Division in the Democratic Party
  • The rise of Abraham Lincoln and the Republican
    Party
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