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Folk and Popular Culture

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Chapter 4 Folk and Popular Culture * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Internet Users, 2004 per 1000 population Internet shop, India Internet Use by Food Seller ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Folk and Popular Culture


1
Chapter 4
  • Folk and Popular Culture

2
Origins and Diffusion of Folk Popular Cultures
  • Origin of folk and popular cultures
  • Origin of folk music
  • Origin of popular music
  • Diffusion of folk and popular cultures
  • The Amish Relocation diffusion of folk culture
  • Sports Hierarchical diffusion of popular culture

3
Tin Pan Alley Popular Music
Fig. 4-1 Writers and publishers of popular
music were clustered in Tin Pan Alley in New York
in the early 20th c. The area later moved north
from 28th St to Times Square.
4
A Mental Map of Hip Hop
Fig. 4-2 This mental map places major hip hop
performers near other similar performers and in
the portion of the country where they performed.
5
Amish Settlements in the U.S.
Fig. 4-3 Amish settlements are distributed
through the northeast U.S.
6
World Cup Fans
French, German, and Italian fans at 2006 World
Cup (eventually won by Italy).
7
Clustering of Folk Cultures
  • Isolation promotes cultural diversity
  • Himalayan Art
  • Influence of the physical environment
  • Distinctive food preferences
  • Folk housing
  • U.S. folk house forms

8
Himalayan Folk Cultural Regions
Fig. 4-4 Cultural geographers have identified
four distinct culture regions based on
predominant religions in the Himalaya Mountains.
9
Senegal Family Lunch
10
Traditional Vegetable Garden, Istanbul
Fig. 4-5 The bostan, or traditional vegetable
garden, provides fresh vegetables in a large city
such as Istanbul
11
Hog Production Food Cultures
Fig. 4-6 Annual hog production is influenced by
religious taboos against pork consumption in
Islam and other religions. The highest
production is in China, which is largely Buddhist.
12
Home Locations in Southeast Asia
Fig. 4-7 Houses and sleeping positions are
oriented according to local customs among the Lao
in northern Laos (left) and the Yuan and Shan in
northern Thailand (right).
13
House Types in Western China
Fig. 4-8 Four communities in western China all
have distinctive house types.
14
Kashgar House, western China
Kashgar houses have second floor open-air patios
15
Turpan House, western China
Turpan is located in a deep valley with little
open land. Second stories are avoided because of
strong winds
16
Dunhuang House, western China
Dunhuang houses have walled central courtyards,
covered with an open air grape arbor.
17
Yinchuan House, China
Liz Lewis from outsiders
Yinchuan houses are built around large open
courtyards which provide seclusion from ousi
18
Diffusion of House Types in U.S.
Fig. 4-9 Distinct house types originated in
three main source areas in the U.S. and then
diffused into the interior as migrants moved
west.
19
Diffusion of New England House Types
Fig. 4-10 Four main New England house types of
the 18th 19th centuries diffused westward as
settlers migrated.
20
Wide Dispersion of Popular Culture
  • Diffusion of popular housing, clothing, food
  • Popular housing styles
  • Rapid diffusion of clothing styles
  • Popular food customs
  • Television and diffusion of popular culture
  • Diffusion of television
  • Diffusion of the internet
  • Government control of television

21
U.S. House Types, 1945-1990
Fig. 4-11 Several variations of the modern
style were dominant from the 1940s into the
1970s. Since then, neo-eclectic styles have
become the dominant type of house construction in
the U.S.
22
Alcohol Preferences in the U.S.
Fig. 4-12 Per capita consumption of Canadian
whiskey (left) and tequila (right) show different
source areas and histories of diffusion.
23
Per Capita Consumption of Canadian Whiskey
24
Per Capita Consumption of Tequila
25
U.S. House Types by Region
Fig. 4-1.1 Small towns in different regions of
the eastern U.S. have different combinations of
five main house types.
26
Wine Production per year
Fig. 4-13 The distribution of wine production
shows the joint impact of the physical
environment and social customs.
27
Diffusion of TV 1954 - 2003
Fig. 4-14 Television has diffused widely since
the 1950s, but some areas still have low numbers
of TVs per population.
28
TV Distribution, 1954
29
TV Distribution, 1970
30
TV Distribution, 2003
31
Distribution of Internet Users, 1995 - 2003
Liz Lewis 1995-2004
Fig. 4-15 Internet users per 1000 population.
Diffusion of internet service is following the
pattern of TV diffusion in the 20th century, but
at a much faster rate.
32
Internet Users, 1995 per 1000 population
33
Internet Users, 2000 per 1000 population
34
Internet Users, 2004 per 1000 population
35
Internet shop, India
36
Internet Use by Food Seller in China
37
Geisha Kyoto, Japan
38
Impacts of the Globalization of Popular Culture
  • Threats to folk culture
  • Loss of traditional values
  • Foreign media dominance
  • Environmental impacts of popular culture
  • Modifying nature
  • Uniform landscapes
  • Negative environmental impact

39
Golf Courses in Metropolitan Areas
Fig. 4-16 The 50 best-served and worst-served
metropolitan areas in terms of golf holes per
capita, and areas that are above and below
average.
40
McDonalds in Beijing, China
41
Route 66, U.S.
42
Aboriginal Performance, Australia
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