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Name Date ____ Chapter 1: Using Geography Skills Textbook p. 12 - 41

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Name Date # ____ Chapter 1: Using Geography Skills Textbook p. 12 - 41 Chapter 1 Using Geography Skills (text p.12-13) Geography is used to interpret the past ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Name Date ____ Chapter 1: Using Geography Skills Textbook p. 12 - 41


1
NameDate ____ Chapter 1 Using Geography
SkillsTextbook p. 12 - 41
2
Chapter 1 Using Geography Skills(text p.12-13)
  • Geography is used to interpret the past,
    understand the present, and plan for the future.

3
Chapter 1 Section 1 Thinking Like a
Geographer(text p. 15 - 17)
  • Geographers used the Five Themes of Geography to
    help them study the Earth.
  • Location
  • Place
  • Human-Environment Interaction
  • Movement
  • Region

4
DFS Trans 1
5
A Geographers Tools(text p. 16-17)
  • Geographers use many tools to help them study and
    analyze Earths people and places.
  • Places in Time
  • decade a period of 10 years
  • century a period of 100 years
  • millennium a period of 1,000 years

6
A Geographers Tools(text p. 16-17)
  • Global Positioning System (GPS) uses
    satellites and radio signals to determine exact
    location of places on Earth

7
Geography Skills Handbook(text p. 18 33)
  • How do I study geography?
  • 5 Themes of Geography
  • 6 Essential Elements
  • 18 Geography Standards

8
Geography Skills HandbookGlobes and Maps(text
p. 22)
  • Globe a round model of the Earth that shows
    its shape, landforms, and directions as they
    truly relate to one another.
  • Map a flat drawing of all or part of the
    Earths surface.

9
Globes vs. Maps (text p. 22)
Advantages Disadvantages
Globes Represent true land shape, distances, and directions Can not show detailed information Difficult to carry
Maps Show small areas in great detail Display different types of information Transport easily Distort (or change) the accuracy of shapes and distances
10
Map Projections(text p. 23)
  • Examine each projection on p.23
  • Goodes Interrupted Equal-Area Projection
  • Mercator Projection
  • Robinson Projection
  • Winkel Tripel Projection
  • What does distort mean?
  • Why do some map projections distort some parts of
    the Earth?

11
Location(text p. 24)
  • Absolute Location - geographers use a system of
    imaginary lines that crisscross the globe
  • Latitude and Longitude
  • Relative Location geographers use directions
  • Cardinal (North, South, East, and West)
  • Intermediate (Northeast, Southeast, Northwest,
    and Southwest)

12
Hemispheres(text p. 25)
  • Equator divides the Earth into Northern and
    Southern Hemispheres
  • Prime Meridian divides the Earth into Eastern and
    Western Hemispheres
  • In which two hemispheres is North America located?

13
Parts of a Map(text p. 26)
  • Title tells you what information the map is
    showing.
  • Key explains the symbols, colors, and lines on
    the map.
  • Scale Bar shows the relationship between map
    measurements and actual distances on Earth.
  • Compass Rose tells you where the Cardinal
    Directions (N, S, E, W) are positioned.
  • Grid System lines that allow you to find
    absolute location.
  • Cities, Capitals, and Boundary lines are
    sometimes used.

14
Using Scale(text p. 27)
  • Small-Scale Maps show large land area but little
    detail.
  • About how many miles is it from Monterrey to
    Guadalajara?
  • Large-Scale Maps show a small land area with a
    great amount of detail.

15
Types of Maps(text p. 28 - 32)
1. Physical landforms and water 2. Political
names and boundaries 3. Historical events that
occurred over time 4. Contour elevation 5.
Vegetation type of plants that grow 6.
Population Density number of people per square
mile
16
Types of Maps(text p. 28 32)
  • Which type of map might show battles during
    World War II?
  • p. 28 South Asia Physical What body of water
    borders South Asia to the west?
  • p. 29 South Asia Political What is the capital
    of India?
  • p. 30 European Settlement of North America
    Which country controlled what is today North
    Carolina?

17
Graphs, Charts, and Diagrams(text p. 32 33)
  • Graphs present and summarize information
    visually.
  • a. bar graphs compare data visually
  • Which region of the US has the larges Hispanic
    population?
  • b. circle graphs show how the whole is
    divided into parts
  • Which continent has the largest percent of the
    worlds population?
  • c. line graphs show changes over a period of
    time
  • How many farms were in the United States in 2000?

18
Charts, Graphs, and Diagrams(text p. 32 33)
  • Charts present related facts and numbers in an
    organized way usually in rows and columns.
  • Diagrams are drawings that show steps in a
    process, point out parts of an object, or explain
    how something works.
  • What does the diagram on page 33 show?

19
(No Transcript)
20
Chapter 1 Section 2The Earth in Space(text p.
34 38)
  • 1. Describe a sunrise or sunset.
  • 2. Why does the sun seem to move across the sky?
  • 3. How many planets are in our solar system?

21
(No Transcript)
22
The Solar System(text p. 35 36)
  • 4. Which two planets are closest to the sun?
  • 5. orbit
  • 6. revolution
  • 7. axis
  • 8. rotates
  • 9. Why dont we feel the Earth moving as it
    rotates?
  • 10. If you could live on any other planet, which
    would it be? Explain why.

23
Sun and Seasons(text p. 37 38)
  • 11. What causes the change of seasons during the
    year?
  • 12. summer solstice
  • 13. winter solstice
  • 14. equinoxes

24
Sun and Seasons(text p. 37 38)
15.
16. Write a paragraph describing your favorite
season and explaining why it is your favorite
season.
25
Chapter 1 Section 2 Answers
  • 1. A sunset looks like.
  • A sunrise looks like
  • 2. The sun seems to move across the sky
    because
  • 3. eight
  • 4. Mercury and Venus
  • 5. orbit path around the sun

26
Chapter 1 Section 2 Answers
  • 6. revolution a complete circuit around the sun
  • 7. axis an imaginary line that passes through
    the center of the Earth from the North Pole to
    the South Pole
  • 8. rotates spins
  • 9. We dont feel the Earth moving because the
    atmosphere moves with it.
  • 10. The planet that I would live on is because

27
Chapter 1 Section 2 Answers
  • 11. The Earths revolution around the sun causes
    the change of seasons.
  • 12. summer solstice the day with the most hours
    of sunlight in the North Hemisphere
  • 13. winter solstice the day with the fewest
    hours of sunlight in the Northern Hemisphere
  • 14. equinoxes days when day and night are of
    identical length in both hemispheres
  • 15. Winter December 22 Autumn September 23
    Spring March 21
  • 16. My favorite season is because

28
Chapter 1 Test-Taking Practice(text p. 40 41)
  • Directions
  • Write the letter of the correct answer for
    questions 1-11.
  • Writing Assessment Practice (p.41) is Extra
    Credit.

29
Chapter 1 Quiz
  • Name the 5 Themes of Geography.
  • How many years is a century?
  • List the Cardinal Directions.
  • Why is the key an important feature on a map?
  • Explain the difference between the winter
    solstice and the summer solstice.
  • Bonus What two seasons begin with an equinox?
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