INTERTANKO Latin American Panel September 13-14, 2010 ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE UPDATE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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INTERTANKO Latin American Panel September 13-14, 2010 ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE UPDATE

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Title: INTERTANKO Latin American Panel September 13-14, 2010 ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE UPDATE


1
INTERTANKO Latin American Panel September 13-14,
2010 ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE UPDATE
Image Courtesy of NORDEN AS
2
  • Policy Issues
  • Ballast Water Management
  • Port Reception Facilities
  • Garbage Management
  • Ship Recycling
  • Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • Anti-fouling
  • Biofouling
  • Reporting Items
  • Ship Strikes with Cetaceans
  • Marine Noise Pollution
  • Liaison with Environmental Organisations

3
  • Method of work - using Objectives
  • the development of Objectives would allow the
    Committee to focus on each of its agenda items
    and consider how the Committee would work on each
    item to meet the objective. This would allow the
    Committee to remain focused and ensure that the
    agenda was relevant to the Committees aims.
  • the Objectives are currently in draft but will be
    tabled for the Councils consideration in October

4
BALLAST WATER
  • International Convention for the Control and
    Management of Ships Ballast Water adopted in
    2004
  • - Entry in Force 30 countries
    representing 35 of the worlds gross tonnage
  • - Current ratifications 25 countries
    representing 24.28 of worlds gross tonnage

5
BALLAST WATER
  • TREATY REQUIREMENTS
  • Ballast Water Management Plan
  • Ballast Water Record Book
  • Ballast Water Management Certificate and surveys
    to verify compliance
  • Mandates ships to conduct ballast water exchange
    until equipment is approved to meet ballast water
    standard

6
BALLAST WATER
  • BALLAST WATER STANDARD (D-2)
  • Less than 10 viable organism greater than 50
    microns is size per cubic meter of water
  • Less than 10 viable organism smaller than 50
    microns and greater than 10 micron is size per
    cubic meter of water
  • Human health standards for cholerae, coli and
    cocci

7
BALLAST WATER
  • STATUS OF EQUIPMENT APPROVALS
  • Basic Approval 24
  • Final Approval 12
  • Type Approval
  • Active substances 5
  • Non-active substances 2
  • Under Development 6
  • (Systems using active substances require IMO
    basic and then final approval)

8
BALLAST WATER DATES
  • 2009 - Ship constructed in 2009 with a ballast
    water capacity below 5000m3 must meet the D-2
    standard by its 2nd Annual Survey, but not later
    than 31 December 2011.
  • 2010/2011 - Ships constructed in 2010 or 2011
    with a ballast water capacity below 5000m3 must
    meet the D-2 standard when built.
  • 2012 - Ships constructed in or after 2012 must
    meet the D-2 standard.
  • 2014 - Ships constructed before 2009 with a
    ballast water capacity between 1500m3 and 5000m3
    must meet the D-2 standard at first drydocking
    after January 1, 2014.
  • 2016 - Ships constructed in or after 2009 with a
    ballast water capacity of 5000m3 or above must
    meet the D-2 standard when built. Ships
    constructed before 2009 with a ballast water
    capacity below 1500m3 and above 5000m3) must meet
    the D-2 standard at first drydocking after
    January 1, 2016.

9
BALLAST WATER
Concern over treatment systems to meet 2012
deadline
  • Treatment type
  • Generation of chemicals
  • Capital Cost (USD)
  • Operating costs over 10-years
  • Other Costs consumables, spares, maintenance
  • Power Consumption
  • Size (m3)
  • Weight (kg)
  • Pressure Drop
  • installations/contracts
  • Tried and tested on large scale

10
BALLAST WATER
  • States implementing and enforcing IMO Convention,
    although not in force, Norway
  • Other States seek to go beyond IMO Convention,
    USA
  • Implementation issues arising - Ballast Water
    Record Book format
  • IMO list of Guidelines continues to be important
    but overlooked by operators

11
BALLAST WATER
  • FIVE KEY IMO GUIDELINES (out of 16) that are
    aimed at assisting the ship operator
  • Ballast water sampling
  • Ballast water management and the development of
    ballast water mangement plans
  • Ballast water exchange
  • Ballast water exchange design and construction
    standards
  • Sediment control on ships

12
BALLAST WATER
  • Countries that have taken national action
  • Australia Argentina
  • Brazil Canada
  • Chile Georgia
  • Israel Lithuania
  • New Zealand Panama
  • Peru Russia
  • Ukraine USA
  • To see the details of their requirements, go to
    www.intertanko.com Environment Ballast Water
    Ballast Water Legislation

13
BALLAST WATER
  • Objective Encourage the sharing of information
    on ballast water treatment systems and the
    results of on-board test installations
  • Objective Encourage the establishment of uniform
    industry best practice based on the principles of
    the IMO Convention
  • Current work...
  • State of the Membership Survey
  • Facilitate INTERTANKO policy making in respect of
    the IMO Convention
  • Information sharing on technology under
    consideration by the tanker industry
  • Global Industry Alliance (GIA) sharing of
    information

14
RECEPTION FACILITIES
  • Objective Encourage and cooperate with
    stakeholders in improving the adequacy and
    availability of reception facilities at all oil
    and chemical ports and terminals
  • Current work...
  • Proposal to adopt a Compulsory Discharge policy
  • Advantages
  • Establishment of a level playing field
  • Minimise waste on board
  • Lower emissions as incinerator would not need to
    be used as frequently
  • Lower maintenance costs due to less use of
    incinerator
  • Fewer options for facilitation payment demands
  • An effective way to attain the zero pollution and
    clean seas objectives.
  • Further consideration of this requirement would
    need to take into account the fee mechanism and
    possible abuse of the scheme by port states.

15
RECEPTION FACILITIES
  • Current work...
  • Updates on the INTERTANKO website
  • List of facilities with alleged inadequacy
    reports against them in the IMO GISIS (with a
    clear link to GISIS for further details)
  • 2. List of facilities that members have received
    positive experience promoting the good
    ports/facilities

16
GARBAGE MANAGEMENT
  • Objective Develop industry best practices for
    the management of garbage
  • Current work...
  • Best practice
  • Reviewed and supported the ISO Standard on waste
    handling, pending final revision, Committee will
    recommend use by INTERTANKO members
  • General guidance
  • MAPOL Annex V review and interpretations
  • Soot handling
  • Trace heavy metals

17
SHIP RECYCLING
  • International Convention for the Safe and
    Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships adopted
    in May 2009 to regulate
  • - Design, construction, operation and
    preparation of ships for environmentally sound
    recycling
  • - Operation of recycling facilities in safe,
    environmentally sound manner
  • - Appropriate enforcement of both through
    certification and reporting

18
SHIP RECYCLING
  • MAJOR ELEMENTS OF TREATY (SHIP)
  • Control of ships hazardous material (prohibit or
    restrict its use)
  • Ship inventory of hazardous materials
  • Ship recycling plan
  • Preparation for ship recycling
  • Ship survey and certification
  • Reporting (Notify of intent)

19
SHIP RECYCLING
  • MAJOR ELEMENTS (FACILITY)
  • Standards for facility design/operations
  • Document of authorization
  • Recycling Management Plan
  • Safe and environmentally sound operational
    procedures
  • Emergency preparedness/response plan
  • Worker safety and training
  • Reporting (Intent and upon completion)

20
SHIP RECYCLING
  • ENTRY INTO FORCE CONDITIONS
  • 15 countries
  • Representing 40 of the worlds gross tonnage
  • AND
  • Combined maximum annual recycling volume during
    the preceding 10 years constitutes not less than
    3 of the gross tonnage of these countries

21
SHIP RECYCLING
  • Complicating Factor
  • Australia proposed to include provisions in
    treaty that allows ships to be recycled in
    non-party states (free trade issue)
  • Conference rejects proposal because it could
    encourage recycling states not to ratify treaty
  • Problem is that flag states may not ratify treaty
    until major recycling states do so

22
SHIP RECYCLING
  • The key issues for ship operator...
  • Convention is unlikely to enter into force until
    2013 at the earliest, but...
  • Pressure on shipping industry to move towards
    compliance in the transitional period
  • Interest from INTERTANKO members to recycle in
    compliance with the Hong Kong Convention
  • Recommendation to recycle ships in accordance
    with the Hong Kong Convention, where possible
  • Industry Working Group Transitional Measures
    for Shipowners Selling their Ships for Recycling

23
SHIP RECYCLING
  • Objective Promote the use of ship recycling
    facilities which have proven health, safety and
    environmental protection standards
  • Objective Urge recycling states to adopt the
    standards specified in the Hong Kong Convention
    and eventual ratification for early entry onto
    force of the legislation
  • Current work...
  • Noted that there was limited scrapping within
    INTERTANKO membership, however, desire to gather
    information on better facilities
  • Clearinghouse on recycling facilities striving to
    meet the HK Convention standards, based on
    information from ship owners
  • Watching brief over action in Europe
  • European Commission continue to consider how to
    enforce legislation in relation to ship recycling

24
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
  • March 2010 IMO agreed on
  • Mandatory (MARPOL Annex VI) Energy Efficiency
    Design Index (EEDI) for new ships
  • Guidelines for voluntary use of the ship Energy
    Efficiency Operations Indicator (EEOI)
  • Guidelines for Ship Energy Efficiency Management
    Plan (SEEMP) and inclusion in MARPOL Annex VI
  • Expert Group to assess impacts on shipping and
    trade of Market Based Instruments (MBIs)
  • Proposals Cap and Trade / Compensation scheme /
    Hybrid
  • Note Most propsals based on EEDI as benchmark

25
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
  • Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan
  • Developed as a ship-specific plan by the ship
    owner
  • Part 1 What the Plan should look like in four
    parts
  • Planning Package of measures identified Goal
    setting
  • Implementation Implementation system
  • Monitoring Monitoring system (tools and record
    keeping)
  • Self-evaluation Improvement Voluntary
    reporting
  • Part 2 List of possible options for improving
    energy efficiency (use of INTERTANKOs Guide)

26
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
  • INTERTANKOs Guide for a Tanker Efficiency and
    Emission Management Plan
  • Introduction
  • Establishing the Company and Ship Management
    Plans
  • Voyage Optimisation Programme
  • Propulsion Resistance Management Programme
  • Machinery Optimisation Programme
  • Cargo Handling Optimisation
  • Energy Conservation Awareness Plan
  • Also introduces elements associated with the
    over-lap between SEEMP and OCIMF TMSA Fuel
    Management Appendix

27
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
  • Objective Share information on operational,
    technical and educational options for reducing
    GHGs from tankers
  • Current work...
  • Assessment of the implementation of the IMO SEEMP
  • Gather feedback on implementation and consider
    providing guidance for a harmonized approach by
    INTERTANKO members and an update of the TEEMP.

28
ANTI-FOULING
  • Anti-fouling Systems
  • Entry into force of the AFS Convention
  • INTERTANKO Environmental Committee
  • Move towards biocide-free systems
  • Comparison of silicon systems
  • Antifouling Problem Chemical
  • Biofouling Problem Biological

Invasive species a different route for organisms
other than ballast water
29
ANTI-FOULING
  • October 2001 IMO Conference adopts
    International Convention on the Control of
    Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships
  • September 2007 With Panama ratification of
    treaty, entry into force conditions are met
  • September 17, 2008 Anti-Fouling Treaty entered
    into force for all parties

30
ANTI-FOULING
  • Current ratifications 40 countries
    representing 67.83 of worlds gross tonnage
  • Countries party to Anti-Fouling Treaty
  • Latin American region Mexico
  • Open registries Bahamas, Liberia, Marshall
    Islands, Panama
  • Others Australia, Japan, most all European
    countries, South Africa

31
ANTI-FOULING
  • Treaty Requirements
  • By January 1, 2003 no ship shall apply or
    re-apply organotin compounds which act as
    biocides in anti-fouling systems
  • By January 1, 2008, ships shall either
  • 1. not bear such compounds on their hulls or
    external parts or surfaces or
  • 2. bear a coating that forms a barrier to
    such compounds leaching from the underlying
    non-compliant anti-fouling systems
  • Ships shall carry
  • 1. an International Anti-Fouling System
    Certificate
  • 2. a Declaration on Anti-Fouling Systems

32
ANTI-FOULING
  • MEPC 57 issue should the treaty requirement
    dates (Jan 1, 2003 and Jan 1, 2008) be deemed to
    take effect on entry into force date (Sept 17,
    2008) OR should there be retroactive
    application??
  • DECISION
  • 1. No consensus on the date on which these
    requirements should be applied
  • 2. Agreement to let each party apply provisions
    in accordance with its national law and
  • 3. Invite each party to inform IMO of its
    decision on implementation and enforcement of
    provisions
  • NOTE EC states that under European regulation,
    no ship may enter a European port with a
    tin-based anti-fouling system after January 1,
    2008. US???

33
BIOFOULING
  • Biofouling
  • Scale of issue defined and indication of severity
    in relation to ballast water
  • 36 of species introduced into North America
    attributed to biofouling
  • 77 of species introduced into Port Phillip,
    Australia attributed to biofouling
  • Hull resistance management
  • Air emissions benefits
  • Invasive species benefits
  • Biofouling going forward
  • IMO Guidelines
  • National hull management requirements USA
    Australia
  • Ban on hull management/cleaning !

34
BIOFOULING
  • Objective Develop practical and uniform
    international guidelines and best practice on the
    management of ships biofouling for the
    prevention of invasive species
  • Current work...
  • IMO Guidelines Assessment, Review and Commentary
  • Providing input on current IMO Guidelines due to
    be completed in 2011
  • Guidelines to regulations... ???
  • Maintain principle that ports MUST allow hull
    management operations in their waters

35
Reporting items
  • Ship strikes with cetaceans
  • International Issue
  • IMOs Guidance to States - routing measures and
    speed restrictions, but initiated/regulated
    through IMO
  • Regional Laws
  • USA speed restrictions and speeding fines!
  • Environmental Committee Watching brief

36
Reporting items
  • Marine noise pollution
  • Adverse anthropogenic marine/ocean noise impacts
    on cetaceans and other biota
  • or...
  • Noise pollution and its effect on marine mammals
  • Technical Guidelines for ship-quieting
    technologies plus potential navigational and
    operational practices
  • Environmental Committee Full review of the IMO
    work on this issue to be delivered and considered
    by the Committee at its next meeting

37
Reporting items
  • Environmental organisations
  • WWF International conducting a review on the
    effectiveness of class green notations. The
    Committee has agreed to peer review this work
  • World Ocean Council general support for the
    principle established by the WOC

38
  • MUCHAS
  • GRACIAS!!
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