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Kingdoms

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Kingdoms & Domains http://analyzer.depaul.edu/astrobiology/kingdoms.jpg * * * As we discovered more about the natural world not all organisms fit into Linnaeus s ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Kingdoms


1
Kingdoms Domains
http//analyzer.depaul.edu/astrobiology/kingdoms.j
pg
2
As we discovered more about the natural world
  • not all organisms fit into Linnaeuss 2 kingdoms
    (_____ or _____)

plant
animal
fungi
bacteria
Ex _________ _____
Images from http//www.leighday.co.uk/upload/pu
blic/docImages/6/Listeria20bacteria.jpg
http//danny.oz.au/travel/iceland/p/3571-fungi.jpg
3
FIVE ORIGINAL KINGDOMS
_______________________
(BACTERIA)
http//analyzer.depaul.edu/astrobiology/kingdoms.j
pg
4
As we learned more about bacteria, the __________
kingdom was split into TWO distinct kingdoms
___________ ______________
MONERA
Eubacteria Archaebacteria
6 KINGDOMS used today
Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
Protista
Plantae
Fungi
Animalia
5
THREE-DOMAIN system
  • Molecular analyses have given
  • rise to a ___________
  • _______ now recognized
  • _______

new taxonomic
category
DOMAIN
6
Bacteria
Archaea
Eukarya

Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
Protista
Plantae
Fungi
Animalia
Domains are larger than Kingdoms and are based
on the kind of ____________ an organism has.
Ribosomal RNA
7
6 Kingdom System
Animalia
Plantae
Fungi
Protista
Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
Kidspiration by Riedell
8
  • REMEMBER

Cell without a nucleus ____________(Includes
bacteria) Cell with a nucleus and organelles
surrounded by membranes _________________
(includes plants and animals) Organism that can
make its own food using photosynthesis or
chemosynthesis ______________ Organism that
gets food energy from consuming other organisms
_____________
PROKARYOTE
EUKARYOTE
AUTOTROPH
HETEROTROPH
9
  • REMEMBER

A ONE-CELLED organism _____________________ O
rganism made of many cells ______________
UNICELLULAR
MULTICELLULAR
10
DOMAIN BACTERIAKINGDOM EUBACTERIA
  • _______________________
  • ______________________
  • Can be ____________ or ______________
  • EXAMPLES _____________________

PROKARYOTES
UNICELLULAR
AUTOTROPHS HETEROTROPHS
E. coli, Streptococcus
http//chemiris.chem.binghamton.edu/ZHONG/research
/bacteria3.jpg
11
DOMAIN ARCHAEAKINGDOM ARCHAEBACTERIA
PROKARYOTES
  • _________________
  • _________________
  • Can be ___________ or ______________
  • EXAMPLES _____________________
  • LIVE IN EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS like volcanic hot
    springs, brine pools, low oxygen

UNICELLULAR
AUTOTROPHS HETEROTROPHS
Halophiles thermophiles
12

http//www.teara.govt.nz/NR/rdonlyres/737B7002-C31
D-418D-84C5-D0E68ED87BBB/134228/hero6483.jpg
  • Organisms that can live in HIGH temperature
    environments
  • ________________
  • Organisms that can live in high salt environments
  • ______________

THERMOPHILES
HALOPHILES
http//web0.greatbasin.net/wigand/petespaleo/Colu
mbus20Salt20Marsh.jpg
13
DOMAIN EUKARYAKINGDOM PLANTAE
  • _______________________
  • ______________________
  • Have cell walls with ________________
  • and _____________
  • _________________
  • EXAMPLES _____________________

EUKARYOTES
MULTICELLULAR
CELLULOSE
CHLOROPLASTS
AUTOTROPHS
Mosses, ferns, trees, flowering plants
http//www.russianflora.com/store/images/product/c
ustom_green_plant_35.jpg
14
DOMAIN EUKARYAKINGDOM ANIMALIA
http//www.millan.net 
  • _______________________
  • _____________________
  • ________________ or _______________
  • __________________
  • EXAMPLES _____________________

EUKARYOTES
MULTICELLULAR
NO CELL WALLS CHLOROPLASTS
HETEROTROPHS
Worms, insects, fish, birds, mammals, humans
15
DOMAIN EUKARYAKINGDOM FUNGI
  • _______________________
  • ______________________
  • Have cell walls with ________________
  • _______________
  • __________________________________
  • _______________________
  • EXAMPLES _____________________

EUKARYOTES
Most MULTICELLULAR few UNICELLULAR
CHITIN
HETEROTROPHS- absorb nutrients from decaying
organic matter
Mushrooms, yeast
http//www.ontarionature.org/home/images/mushrooms
.jpg
16
DOMAIN EUKARYAKINGDOM PROTISTA
  • _______________________
  • ______________________
  • Some have cell walls with ________________
  • ____________________
  • Can be _____________ or _____________
  • EXAMPLES _____________________

EUKARYOTES
Most UNICELLULAR some colonial/multi
CELLULOSE
Some have chloroplasts
AUTOTROPHS HETEROTROPHS
Amoeba Paramecium Giant kelp slime mold
http//www.ravelgrane.com/pix/proj/draco/parameciu
m-nahrung.gif
17
Figure 18-12 Key Characteristics of Kingdoms and
Domains
Section 18-3
Classification of Living Things
DOMAIN KINGDOM CELL TYPE CELL
STRUCTURES NUMBER OF CELLS MODE OF
NUTRITION EXAMPLES
Bacteria ____________ Prokaryote Cell walls
with peptidoglycan Unicellular Autotroph
or heterotroph Streptococcus, Escherichia coli
Archaea Archaebacteria Prokaryote Cell walls
without peptidoglycan _____________ Autotro
ph or heterotroph Methanogens, halophiles
Protista Eukaryote Cell walls of cellulose in
some some have chloroplasts Most unicellular
some colonial some multicellular _______________
___________ Amoeba, Paramecium, slime molds,
giant kelp
Fungi Eukaryote ______________________ Mo
st multicellular some unicellular Heterotroph
Mushrooms, yeasts
Plantae Eukaryote Cell walls of cellulose
chloroplasts ___________ ___________ Mos
ses, ferns, flowering plants
Animalia ____________ No cell walls or
chloroplasts ____________ ____________
Sponges, worms, insects, fishes, mammals
Eukarya
Eubacteria
Eukaryote
Cell walls of chitin
Multicellular
Multicellular
Unicellular
Autotroph or Heterotroph
Autotroph
Heterotroph
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