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Settling the Middle Colonies

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Settling the Middle Colonies Unit 3 Chapter 6 Lesson 1 Pages 224-230 Objectives Identify the location of the Middle Colonies and the people who founded them. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Settling the Middle Colonies


1
Settling the Middle Colonies
  • Unit 3 Chapter 6 Lesson 1
  • Pages 224-230

2
Objectives
  • Identify the location of the Middle Colonies and
    the people who founded them.
  • Describe how religion affected the founding of
    the colonies.

3
Overview
  • King Charles II has established the New England
    Colonies and colonies in the South
  • There is a section of land in the middle claimed
    by the Dutch.
  • He wants this land!

4
Middle Colonies
  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Delaware
  • Pennsylvania

5
Farming Land
  • Flat plains, rolling hills, grassy meadows, and
    thick forests
  • Better for farming than in the New England
    Colonies
  • Long summers and good rain amounts
  • Crops Wheat, Corn, and Rye
  • The FERTILE LAND caused the middle colonies to
    become known as The Breadbasket colonies

6
Water Sources
  • Several large harbors along the Atlantic Ocean
  • Harbors were connected to the regions waterways
    Hudson Delaware Rivers
  • Rivers went far inland making trade easier
  • This attracted many colonists to the region

7
The Netherlands
  • Remember The Dutch controlled New Netherland
    (Hudson Valley New York)
  • Dutch did not come to the new world
  • Life was prosperous in the Netherlands unlike in
    England where there was religious conflict and
    economic turmoil

8
A New Leader
  • Dutch West India Company controlled New
    Netherland
  • Sent Peter Stuyvesant as the new leader to
    increase profits and govern the colony
  • 1650 he expanded into New Jersey and Delaware,
    but still needed more people

9
New Colonists
  • Dutch West India Company opened up their colony
    to many people
  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • New settlers included the first group of Jews

10
Africans in New Netherland
  • Enslaved Africans also were in the colony
  • Some were free, but had to pay yearly to stay
    free
  • 1660 Stuyvesant gave land on Manhattan to about
    40 former enslaved people
  • This land became New Netherlands first community
    of FREE AFRICANS

11
English want control
  • 1664 King Charles II gave his brother James,
    the Duke of York the land between Maine and the
    Delaware River
  • This land included New Netherland

12
WAR???
  • The Duke of York sent 4 warships to take over New
    Netherland
  • Stuyvesant wanted to fight, but the colonist did
    not want to due to lack of people and gun powder
  • Stuyvesant surrendered New Netherland to the
    English without a gun shot being fired.

13
Dutch Colony Split
  • New York
  • Duke of York keeps for himself
  • New Amsterdam becomes NYC
  • Dutch stayed and were promised fair treatment
  • New Jersey
  • The Duke gives NJ to his friends, John Berkeley
    and George Carteret
  • Offer land at low prices
  • Most that come are with the Quakers known as the
    Society of Friends

14
Quakers
  • Believed ALL people were equal
  • Refused to fight in wars or swear loyalty to any
    king
  • Thousands of Quakers were forced to leave England
  • 1674- group bought land from Berkeley and found
    Salem, NJ ? The first Quaker settlement

15
Pennsylvania and Delaware
  • 1681 King Charles II gave a charter to William
    Penn, an English Quaker
  • Penn was the proprietor (or owner) of what is now
    Pennsylvania

16
A New Plan of Government (PA)
  • Penn got the land due to money owed his father
  • Pennsylvania Penns Woods
  • Penn wanted all people to live peacefully in PA
  • He wanted Native Americans to be treated with
    JUSTICE

17
Pennsylvania Government
  • 1682 wrote by Penn THE FRAME OF GOVENRMENT OF
    PENNSYLVANIA
  • The plan set up a legislature called the General
    Assembly
  • Later wrote Pennsylvania Charter of Privileges
    allowed white men to elect representatives to the
    Assembly
  • Citizens had the following privileges
  • Freedom of speech
  • Freedom of religion
  • Right to a fair trial by a jury
  • Trial By Jury -group of citizen decides if a
    person is guilty or innocent of the crime

18
Delaware
  • Duke of York gave Penn control of the land that
    makes up Delaware in 1682
  • Penn gave the colony its own assembly in 1704

19
Relations with Native Americans
  • Penn wanted to live together in peace with the
    Native Americans
  • 1682 met with TAMANEND and other Lenni Lenape
    leaders
  • Penn paid them for the land that King Charles had
    given him
  • He built long lasting relationships with the
    Native Americans

20
REVIEW
21
The first Quaker settlement in North America was
founded here.
  • NEW JERSEY

22
William Penn was the proprietor of Pennsylvania
and this colony?
  • DELAWARE

23
James, Duke of York, gave this land to John
Berkeley and George Carteret.
  • NEW JERSEY

24
William Penns frame of government for this
colony gave its citizens important rights.
  • PENNSYLVANIA

25
Before its name was changed, it was the Dutch
colony of New Netherland.
  • NEW YORK

26
What geographical advantage helped the Middle
Colonies become known as the breadbasket
colonies?
  • FERTILE SOIL

27
Many Quakers settled in the Middle Colonies in
hopes of finding a refugeWhat does the word
refuge mean in this sentence?
  • A SAFE PLACE

28
What was Pennsylvanias document of
self-government?
  • THE FRAME OF GOVERNMENT OF PENNSYLVANIA

29
Which Native American leader did William Penn
form a long-lasting peace?
  • TAMANEND

30
Why were the port cities important in the Middle
Colonies?
  • MAJOR TRADE CENTERS

31
Why is New York City a good location for a port?
See map on page 229
  • It was built on the mouth of the Hudson River, on
    New York Harbor

32
What is one right or freedom that William Penn
gave colonists in Pennsylvania?
  • FREEDOM OF SPEECH
  • FREEDOM OF RELIGION
  • THE RIGHT OT A TRIAL BY JURY

33
What is one major difference between the Middle
colonies and the New England colonies?
  • MIDDLE COLONIES WERE HOME TO A MIX OF RELIGIOUS
    GROUPS. NEW ENGLAND COLONIES DID NOT PRACTICE
    RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE.
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