Human Development Reports in India From Analysis to Action - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Human Development Reports in India From Analysis to Action PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4c30f0-MTEyN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Human Development Reports in India From Analysis to Action

Description:

Human Development Reports in India From Analysis to Action K. Seeta Prabhu UNDP India Presented at IGIDR 19 June 2009 Structure of Presentation India- The Setting 1 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:76
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 24
Provided by: kumar7
Learn more at: http://www.igidr.ac.in
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Human Development Reports in India From Analysis to Action


1
Human Development Reports in India From Analysis
to Action
  • K. Seeta Prabhu
  • UNDP India
  • Presented at IGIDR 19 June 2009

2
Structure of Presentation
  • The Setting
  • HD Analysis- State HDRs Challenges
  • Policy Impact
  • Moving to HD Action
  • SSPHD
  • What Next?

3
India- The Setting
  • 1.15 billion people- median age 24. 8 years
  • Rich diversity
  • Hindu 80.5 , Muslim 13.4 ,
  • Christian 2.3 , Sikh 1.9
  • 15 national languages
  • Parliamentary Democracy
  • Federal Republic Focus on Decentralisation
  • Independent Media
  • Right to Information Act

4
High Growth but Challenge of Inclusion..
  • High growth rate - poverty declined from 36-27.5
    between 1994 and 2004 (1a day- 34 . 2, 2a
    day- 80.4)
  • HDI value in 2005 India -0.619, rank 128
  • China -0.777, rank 81
  • Absolute numbers of deprived gigantic
  • 301 mn Poor gttotal pop Brazil 181mn Japan 128
    mn
  • 296 mn Illiterate gt total pop United States 292
    mn
  • 233 mn Undernourished total pop Indonesia 217
    mn

  • Ghana 21 mn
  • Indias performance will have impact on MDGs
    globally

5
HD Analysis - The Demand
  • Indias Eighth Plan (1992 - 1997) Human
    development ultimate goal of all planning
  • Global launch of HDR 1993 in New Delhi acted as
    trigger
  • First step towards State level HDR by Madhya
    Pradesh
  • Govt prepared HDR from own resources -
    released1995
  • Followed by Govt of Karnataka - 1999
  • UNDP role - technical support
  • Demand from other State governments

6
The Response
  • Planning Commission (Govt of India) - UNDP
    project
  • Capacity Development for State HDRs
    1999-2002-2005
  • Given Indias size and diversity focus on
    provincial HDRs
  • UNDP commitment - 500,000 USD
  • - Dedicated unit formed in August 2000
  • Principles of HDR preparation- Government
    ownership
    Participatory process

  • Independence of analysis

7
HDR Preparation Gathers Momentum
8
Challenges
  • Govt ownership and participatory process -
    Initiatives
  • Wide ranging participation
  • NGOs, academics, government
  • Open review of draft
  • Chhattisgarh- peoples participation
  • NHDR Award for Participatory processes
  • Chhattisgarh clip.wmv
  • Governments fear of public opinion
  • Adversarial nature of dialogue
  • between NGOs and Govt

9
Challenges
Quality of Analysis Editorial Independence 18
State HDRs launched NHDR awards-West Bengal
-Chhattisgarh
  • Govt ownership Quality of Analysis- Initiatives
  • Independent institutions/researchers
  • Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Kerala
  • Data from authentic sources- Census, NSS, NFHS
  • Editors from media Maharashtra
  • Reputed academics as lead authors West Bengal
  • HDR award for Excellence in Quality of Analysis
    in 2004
  • Constraints
  • Defensive government departments
  • Lack of understanding of product as
  • different from departmental report
  • Fear of public backlash

10
Challenges
  • Govt ownership independence of
    analysis-Initiatives
  • Involving media from the beginning
  • Involving wide range of stakeholders
  • Soft advocacy on potential use for policy action
  • Constraints
  • Change in political regimes -Chhattisgarh, UP
  • Proximity of state elections Himachal Pradesh
  • Strong opinions of diverse groups Manipur
  • Social groups issues not addressed- NHDR
    evaluation

11
Impact of State HDRs
  • Increased allocation to social sectors
  • Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra HD budget
  • Newer Institutional mechanisms- holistic planning
    and monitoring
  • Poverty and HD division in Karnataka
  • HD and poverty chapterin Economic Survey -
    Karnataka
  • HD Mission in Maharashtra for low HDI districts
  • More intensive study on priority issues for
    policy action
  • Sikkim focus on education system
  • West Bengal focus on landlessness

12
NHDR Evaluation
  • NHDR Evaluation- India as case study- p.26
  • State Reports have affected social policies most
    especially those dealing with education and
    health and have led to more policy oriented
    research
  • In some States, HDRs have had a particularly
    strong impact including major media attention,
    mentioned in State Assembly debates and
    establishment of new government policies to
    address issues raised
  • In general, have led to better understanding of
    the concept of human development
  • Limitation still equated with HDI broader
    concept yet to be understood fully

13
Moving Beyond Analysis to Action
  • Planning Commission (Govt Of India) UNDP Project
    CCF II 2004-2007
  • Strengthening State Plans for Human Development
  • UNDP core resources USD 5 million now close
    to11 million USD up to 2009
  • Thrust Areas
  • Capacity Building for Human Development
  • Strengthening State Statistical Systems
  • Financing for Human Development

14
Thrust Areas Capacity Building for HD
  • Institutional Mechanisms
  • HDRC units for coordination of HD initiatives
  • Steering Cmt drawn from all relevant departments
  • Influencing Planning and Policy
  • District HDRs in low HDI districts- tools for
    planning
  • State Level MDG based PRSPs
  • Chapters on HD in State Plans/Economic Survey

15
Capacity Building for HD
  • Capacity Building
  • -Training in State Administrative Training
    Insitutes
  • - Curriculum in Universities with UGC support
  • -Gender training added with additional core
    resources (1.5 million USD)
  • Advocacy
  • - State Level Strategies supported with DFID
    funding (1.5 million USD)
  • - 23 Films by Film and Television Institute of
    India
  • - Calendars on MDGs and HD

16
Financing Options
  • Social Sectors mainly in State Government domain
    in division of responsibilities between Centre
    and States
  • State governments experienced fiscal stringency
    during period of economic reforms
  • Initiatives
  • Action Research on financing options for State
    Governments
  • Policy notes on options both on revenue and
    expenditure sides
  • Quarterly Training Programme by the Central Bank
    of the country on Financing for Human Development

17
Strengthening Statistical Systems
  • Partnership with Central Statistical Organisation
  • Focus on training and methodologies for
    estimating
  • District level per capita District Domestic
    Product
  • District poverty Advisory Cmt with Planning
    Commission
  • District IMR and Life Expectancy
  • District level HD/MDG indicators for HD
    monitoring

18
Progress and Impact
  • XII Finance Commissions use of HDI
  • XI Five year Plan focus on Inclusive growth- HD
    approach
  • HD chapters in 8 State level Five Year Plans
  • Courses on HD in 3 Universities
  • HD integrated into Indian Administrative Service
    course
  • 15 State Training Institutes deliver HD modules
    on regular basis for state district
    departmental staff - through satellite in
    Karnataka for local bodies (17000 at a time)
  • Project expansion from 8 states to 14 - spur to
    complete SHDRs

19
Next Steps
  • HD monitoring-people oriented process- PAHELI -
    HD Report Cards
  • Use of HD cards by UNDAF districts for UN system
    planning demand from Rajasthan, Orissa and
    Punjab
  • Linking NREGS with human development
    Swaminathans suggestion action initiated by
    Rural Development Ministry
  • Gender disaggregated data and gender budgeting
    with UNIFEM training on gender budgeting for
    State Governments
  • Special focus on disadvantaged sections

20
Next Steps
  • Integration with Governance portfolio Capacity
    building initiatives for local bodies
  • Integrated planning surpassing departmental
    boundaries
  • Integrated in UNDP Cy Programme
  • 50 District HDRs at various stages of
    finalisation Bankura, Malda and Birbhum already
    released used as tools for district planning
  • State governments extending DHDR preparation to
    all districts e.g West Bengal
  • National HDR in 2009?

21
What helped
  • Strong commitment by all concerned
  • UNDP
  • Dedicated staff within UNDP
  • Dedicated and sustained core resources over two
  • project cycles
  • Planning Commission
  • Strong ownership
  • Consistent monitoring
  • Persuasion in State plan discussions
  • Political commitment
  • Legislators forums in States
  • Continuous dialogue with parliamentarians on HD

22
Looking forward to
  • HDRs- 50 District HDRs as tools for district
    planning
  • HDRs- 13 city PRSPs owned by municipal
    corporations
  • Data- district level HD monitoring- report cards
  • Advocacy- Films, MDG oriented PRSPs
  • Research - network of young research scholars on
    HD
  • Teaching -Graduates and Diploma holders in HD
    TISS Certificate Course on HD and Social
    Accountability in 2009
  • Action- District collectors and panchayat members
    sensitised to HD approach-use DHDRs as tools
  • Financing options for HD identified and acted
    upon
  • HDI used for resource allocation by XIII Finance
    Cmn

23
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com