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Political System of the USA

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Each county has its court. The modern political party system in the United States is a two-party system dominated by the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political System of the USA


1
Political System of the USA
2
The United States is a federal constitutional
republic.Power is divided between a
central/national government and the States. The
national government is referred to as the Federal
Government
3
Branches of the US government
4
Legislative branch
  • House can propose tax laws Senate can improve
    Presidential ap-
  • House can impeach the President
    pointments
  • Representatives must be 25 years old,
    Senate approves treaties with foreign
  • Representatives must be a citizen for
    governments
  • 7 years. Senate tries President after
    impeach-
  • Representatives serve a 2 year term. ment
  • Members must be 30 years old

  • Members serve
    a 6 year term

Congress
Makes Laws
House of Representatives (435 members)
Senate (100 members)
5
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6
Executive branch
  • Must be 35 years old
  • Must be a US citizen by birth.
  • Must be a US resident for 14 years
  • President has power to approve/ veto laws
  • Must make treaties with foreign government
  • President nominates judges to Supreme Court

President, Vice President, Cabinet
Enforces Laws
7
Judicial branch
  • Serve for life
  • Can declare laws unconstitutional
  • Can settle disputes involving the US
  • Chief Justice of The Supreme Court presides over
    the impeachment trial of the President

Supreme Court and Federal Courts
Interprets Laws
8
Central Documents
  • the Declaration of Independence (1776),
  • the Constitution (1787),
  • the Federalist Papers (1788),
  • the Bill of Rights (1791),
  • Lincoln's "Gettysburg Address" (1863)

9
Bill of Rights
  • The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the
    first ten amendments to the United States
    Constitution. These limitations serve to protect
    the natural rights of liberty and property.

10
The powers of the federal government are limited
by the Constitution which leaves a great deal of
authority to the individual states.
  • Each state has an executive, a legislature and a
    judiciary.
  • The head of the executive is the Governor who is
    directly elected.
  • The legislature consists of a Senate and a House
    of Representatives (the exception is the state of
    Nebraska which has a unicameral system).
  • The judiciary consists of a state system of
    courts.
  • The 50 states are divided into counties
    (parishes in Louisiana and boroughs in Alaska).
    Each county has its court.

11
Political Parties of the USA
  • The modern political party system in the United
    States is a two-party system dominated by the
    Democratic Party and the Republican Party. These
    two parties have won every United States
    presidential election since 1852 and have
    controlled the United States Congress since at
    least 1856. Several other third parties from time
    to time achieve relatively minor representation
    at the national and state levels.

12
Democratic Party
  • The party's socially liberal and progressive
    platform is largely considered center-left in the
    U.S. political spectrum. The party has the
    lengthiest record of continuous operation in the
    United States, and is one of the oldest political
    parties in the world. Barack Obama is the 15th
    Democrat to hold the office of President of the
    United States.

13
Republican Party
  • Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in
    1854, it is often called the GOP (Grand Old
    Party). The party's platform generally reflects
    American conservatism in the U.S. political
    spectrum and is considered center-right

14
Major Third Parties
  • The Constitution Party is a conservative United
    States political party. The Constitution Party
    advocates a platform that they believe reflects
    the Founding Fathers' original intent of the U.S.
    Constitution, principles found in the U.S.
    Declaration of Independence, and morals taken
    from the Bible.

15
  • The Green Party has been active as a third party
    since the 1980s. Greens emphasize
    environmentalism, non-hierarchical participatory
    democracy, social justice, respect for diversity,
    peace and nonviolence.

16
  • The Libertarian Party
  • was founded on December 11, 1971. The political
    platform of the Libertarian Party reflects that
    group's particular brand of libertarianism,
    favoring minimally regulated, laissez-faire
    markets, strong civil liberties, minimally
    regulated migration across borders, and
    non-interventionism in foreign policy that
    respects freedom of trade and travel to all
    foreign countries.

17
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18
Sources
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_the_Unite
    d_States
  • http//www.rogerdarlington.me.uk/Americanpolitical
    system.html
  • http//www.theusgov.com/
  • http//news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/americas/04/
    us_election/govt_system/html/introduction.stm
  • http//usgovinfo.about.com/od/rightsandfreedoms/u/
    gov101.htm
  • http//study-english.info/political004.php
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_parties_in_
    the_United_States
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