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Essential Skills and the Ontario Skills Passport http://skills.edu.gov.on.ca

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Title: Essential Skills and the Ontario Skills Passport http://skills.edu.gov.on.ca


1
Essential Skills and the Ontario Skills
Passport http//skills.edu.gov.on.ca

2
Ontario Skills Passport (OSP)
3
(No Transcript)
4
Essential Skills
  • are used in virtually all occupations and
    throughout daily life
  • are transferable from school to work, job to job
    and sector to sector
  • help people adapt to change
  • provide people with a foundation for learning
    other skills, like technical skills and
    job/workplace specific skills.

5
Essential SkillsHRSDC OSP
No. HRSDC (9 Skills) OSP (14 Skills)
1 Reading Text Reading Text
2 Writing Writing
3 Document Use Document Use
4 Computer Use Computer Use
5 Oral Communication Oral Communication
6 Numeracy Money Math, Data Analysis, Measurement and Calculation, Numerical Estimation and Scheduling, Budgeting or Accounting
7 Thinking Skills Job Task Planning and Organizing, Decision Making, Problem Solving, Finding Information
8 Working with Others Team Building is a Work Habit in the OSP
9 Continuous Learning Continuous Learning is not included in the OSP
6
Why These Skills Are Essential
  • Generic skills used in virtually all occupations
    and throughout daily life in different forms and
    at different levels of complexity.
  • They are transferable from school to work, job to
    job and sector to sector.
  • They provide the foundation for learning other
    skills, such as technical skills and
    job/workplace specific skills.
  • Enable people to perform tasks required by their
    jobs as well as adapt to change.

7
TASKS
  • List 4 items that are on your WORK to do list
    that you have to attend to today.

8
SKILLS
  • What skills do you have to use in order to
    complete each of those tasks?

9
Essential Skills in the OSP
10
Reading Text
  • Refers to the comprehension of text consisting of
    sentences and paragraphs.
  • Notes
  • Letters
  • Memos
  • Manuals
  • Books
  • Etc.

11
Reading Text
Work Read a short email from a customer asking if a product is available. (1)
Learning Read articles in newspapers, magazines and websites to gain background knowledge on a topic. (3)
Life Read a movie review to decide if you want to go and see it. (2)
12
Writing
  • Means the preparation of written materials for a
    variety of purposes.
  • Writing notes
  • Filling in forms
  • Writing an e-mail
  • Creating reports

13
Writing
Work Write one or two paragraphs to record an incident or to make a suggestion. (2)
Learning Write a short note to remind yourself about homework to complete. (1)
Life Write a cover letter to apply for a job. Address the requirements in the job ad and describe why you are a good candidate for the position. (3)
14
Document Use
  • Refers to tasks that use a variety of information
    displays
  • Pictures
  • Icons
  • Tables
  • Graphs
  • Lists
  • Blueprints
  • Maps

15
Document Use
Work Record availability on a weekly work schedule. (1)
Learning Complete a student information form. (2)
Life Complete a multi-page job application form. (3)
16
Computer Use
  • The use of any type of computerized technology.
    Applications of Computer Use include varying
    levels of interaction with
  • Computer-controlled equipment
  • Software programs
  • Information technology systems

17
Computer Use
Work Produce brochures using graphics software. (3)
Learning Research a topic using the Internet. (2)
Life Check a companys website to find travel or weather information. (2)
18
Oral Communication
  • Pertains to the use of speech to give and
    exchange thoughts and information
  • Conversations
  • Seeking or obtaining information
  • Leading a group
  • Providing comfort or reassurance

19
Oral Communication
Work Make presentations to small groups, such as representatives of a potential new client. (3)
Learning Book an appointment with your guidance counsellor. (1)
Life Negotiate with a salesperson over the price and conditions of a major purchase. (3)
20
Recognize That Essential Skill?
  • In your groups
  • Complete the Task
  • Decide which Essential Skill is being showcased.

21
Task 1
  • Essential Skill Demonstrated
  • Document Use (2)

Time Person Responsible Location Activity
110 pm Lorri Sharon Centre Court Clock is put on visual (computer and screen)
22
Task 2
  • Answers will vary. Possible answer
  • Dear Erick,
  • On behalf of Project Read, we would sincerely
    like to thank you for participating in the Family
    Literacy Day event on January 27th. Your presence
    and songs inspired families to join the Read In
    and other activities throughout the day. We
    really appreciated your talents and support.
  • Thank you,
  • name signed here
  • Essential Skill Demonstrated
  • Writing (2) Additional Skills Document Use
    (2)

23
Numeracy Skills
  • Money Math
  • Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Measurement and Calculation
  • Data Analysis
  • Numerical Estimation

24
Money Math
  • Refers to the use of mathematical skills in
    making financial transactions
  • handling cash
  • preparing bills
  • making payments

25
Money Math
Work Total customer purchases, including applicable taxes. (2)
Learning Count out change to pay for lunch. (1)
Life Convert the cost of an item from U.S. currency to Canadian currency to decide whether it is a good value. (2)
26
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
  • Planning for the best use of time and money, as
    well as monitoring of the use of time and money.

27
Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting
Work Schedule customer appointments, identifying an appropriate time and allocating sufficient time for each appointment. (2)
Learning Calculate the ticket price for a school fundraising event considering the cost of supplies, expected net profit and the number of tickets you expect to sell. (3)
Life Schedule cleaning, laundry and grocery shopping for the week. (1)
28
Measurement and Calculation
  • The measurement and calculation of quantities,
    areas, volumes, and/or distances.

29
Measurement and Calculation
Work Calculate the square footage of a room to figure out how much carpet to buy for a customer. (2)
Learning Double or triple the ingredients in a recipe when preparing food for a school event. (2)
Life Measure the amount of laundry detergent for a load of laundry. (1)
30
Data Analysis
  • The collection and analysis of data in numerical
    form.

31
Data Analysis
Work Analyze responses to customer service questionnaires to identify patterns. (3)
Learning Compare your mark on two assignments to determine whether your skills are improving. (1)
Life Calculate the average amount of money you spend on groceries per week to figure out how much of each paycheque to budget for food. (2)
32
Numerical Estimation
  • The production of estimates in numerical terms.

33
Numerical Estimation
Work Estimate the volume of cleaning fluid to add to water. (1)
Learning Estimate rehearsal time requirements to mount a new school play. (3)
Life Estimate the time it will take to get to an appointment. (2)
34
Recognize That Essential Skill?
  • In your groups
  • Complete the Task
  • Decide which Essential Skill is being showcased.

35
Task 1
  • 8,243.95 savings
  • Essential Skills Demonstrated
  • Measurement and Calculation (3)
  • Additional Skills Document Use (2)

36
One way to get this answer...
  • 1. Identify what is required the cost savings to
    the client.
  • 2. Find the number of square feet to be tiled.
  • 3. Locate the column Item or Description in the
    Estimate Detail Form.
  • 4. Scan the column for the key word tile.
  • 5. Decide that 650 SQ is the number of square
    feet to be tiled.
  • 6. Identify what is required 10 for waste
    allowance on materials.
  • 7. Set up the problem to find the total required
    including waste allowance (square feet x waste
    percentage) square feet square feet to be
    tiled including waste allowance.
  • 8. Calculate (650 x 10) 650 715 square
    feet.
  • 9. Identify what is required the cost for
    porcelain and ceramic tiles to cover 715 square
    feet.
  • 10. Set up the problem to find the cost for
    porcelain tiles price / sq. ft. Coverage x 715
    square feet cost for porcelain tiles to cover
    715 square feet.
  • 11. Calculate 16.25 x 715 11,618.75.
  • 12. Set up problem to find the cost for ceramic
    tiles price / sq. ft. Coverage x 715 square feet
    cost for ceramic tiles to cover 715 square
    feet.
  • 13. Calculate 4.72 sq. ft. x 715 3,374.80.
  • 14. Identify what is required the cost savings
    to the client by using ceramic tiles.
  • 15. Set up the problem to find the cost
    difference Total porcelain price for coverage
    Total ceramic price for coverage cost savings.
  • 16. Calculate 11,618.75 - 3,374.80
    8,243.95.
  • 17. Decide the savings to the customer would be
    8,243.95.

37
Task 2
  • At least 72 golfers are required to meet the
    target profit.
  • Essential Skills Demonstrated
  • Scheduling or Budgeting and Accounting (2)

38
One way to get this answer...
  • 1. Identify what is required minimum number of
    golfers required to meet the target profit.
  • 2. Scan the task statement for minimum profit
    required.
  • 3. Locate 2,500.
  • 4. Scan the task statement to find the cost
    that golfers will pay for the event.
  • 5. Locate 90.
  • 6. Scan the task statement to find the profit
    earned per golfer for the event.
  • 7. Locate 35.
  • 8. Set up problem (minimum number of golfers x
    35) 2,500.
  • 9. Calculate (X x 35) 2,500. 2,500 / 35
    X. 2,500 / 35 71.43.
  • 10. Decide that at least 72 golfers are required
    to meet the target profit of 2,500.

39
Thinking Skills
  • Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • Decision Making
  • Problem Solving
  • Finding Information

40
Job Task Planning and Organizing
  • The planning and organization of ones own work.

41
Job Task Planning and Organizing
Work You work on similar tasks from one day to the next. You decide what to work on first, but you need to confirm with your supervisor that your plan is okay. You might need to change your plans after interruptions or to better co-ordinate your tasks with your co-workers. (3)
Learning You typically complete similar tasks from one day to the next. Each day, you attend previously- scheduled classes. Outside of class time, you plan and organize your time to complete homework, work on group assignments and attend extra curricular meetings, practices and events and work part-time. (3)
Life As a parent, each day is different. It is up to you to plan each day, decide which tasks are most important and sequence the tasks to make sure your children and home are taken care of. There are many interruptions, which often force you to revise your plan. (4)
42
Decision Making
  • The making of any type of decision, using
    appropriate information.

43
Decision Making
Work You decide to offer a customer a discount or rebate to keep their business. You use your discretion to decide what is appropriate under the circumstances. (2)
Learning You select the materials you will need to complete a monthly book report project. (1)
Life Decide to accept a temporary employment contract which requires moving to another city. You use your experience and judgment to consider whether the new contract and new city will meet your needs. You may need to consider others interests in your decision, which may be at odds with your own opinion. (3)
44
Problem Solving
  • The identification and solving of problems.

45
Problem Solving
Work You wake up too late to get to work on time. Call your supervisor immediately as stated in your work policy. (1)
Learning There is a conflict between group members working on a project worth 30 of your final mark. Identify options that will appease each member so you can effectively complete the assignment. (3)
Life You have scheduled two appointments at the same time. Determine which activity can and should be rescheduled. (2)
46
Finding Information
  • The use of a variety of sources, including
    written text, people, computerized databases, and
    information systems.

47
Finding Information
Work Find invoice or product order status in computer or paper records. (1)
Learning Conduct research for a report by consulting textbooks, conducting Internet searches and talking to experts in the field, as appropriate. (3)
Life Find information on a company before interviewing for a job. Consult a variety of sources, such as industry journals, conduct Internet research and talk to industry contacts. (3)
48
Choose That Essential Skill...
  • Working in pairs, decide which Essential Skill is
    being demonstrated in each of these activities.

Description Essential Skill
Likes to keep the team on task during group work.
Likes to track the stats of their favourite sports team.
Can calculate HST on anything!
Loves all kinds of reading materials magazines, novels, newspapers, anything!
Likes to listen to problems and find appropriate solutions a regular Dr. Phil!
Likes to talk a lot and enjoys presenting in front of the class.
Weighs all the options before choosing what to do.
Is great at planning a party and keeping on budget.
Is good at filling in forms likes working with charts.
Likes cooking and measures out all the ingredients.
Writes messages in greeting cards, keeps a journal or likes to write stories or poems.
49
Choose That Essential Skill...
  • Working in pairs, decide which Essential Skill is
    being demonstrated in each of these activities.

Description Essential Skill
Likes to keep the team on task during group work. Job Task Planning and Organizing
Likes to track the stats of their favourite sports team. Data Analysis
Can calculate HST on anything! Money Math
Loves all kinds of reading materials magazines, novels, newspapers, anything! Reading Text
Likes to listen to problems and find appropriate solutions a regular Dr. Phil! Problem Solving
Likes to talk a lot and enjoys presenting in front of the class. Oral Communication
Weighs all the options before choosing what to do. Decision Making
Is great at planning a party and keeping on budget. Scheduling, Budgeting and Accounting
Is good at filling in forms likes working with charts. Document Use
Likes cooking and measures out all the ingredients. Measurement and Calculation
Writes messages in greeting cards, keeps a journal or likes to write stories or poems. Writing
50
Skills
  • What skills do you have to use in order to
    complete each of those tasks?
  • For each task, prioritize the skills
  • MOST important
  • Next important
  • Is there a 3rd critical skill?

51
Practice Your Understanding At SKILLS ZONE
52
Essential Skill Levels
  • We use our Essential Skills everyday but we also
    use them at different levels of complexity or
    skill levels when performing tasks.
  • Skill levels indicate the level of complexity
    involved in the use of a skill in a particular
    task.

53
Complexity Rating Scale
  • The Complexity Rating Scale indicates the level
    of complexity involved in the use of a skill in a
    particular task.
  • The least complex tasks are classified at level
    1 the most complex tasks are classified at level
    5 or at level 4 if there are only 4 levels for a
    skill.
  • Skill levels are associated with workplace tasks
    and not the worker performing these tasks.

54
Essential Skill Levels
  • Why is this so hard? card game

55
Card Game (Part 1)
  • Shuffle the deck of cards.
  • Find the Ace of Spades.
  • Once you are done, think about the process.

56
Card Game (Part 1)Locating
  • In Part 1 of the card game, there was a direct
    match between the visual of the card (Ace of
    Spades) and the card you needed to locate in the
    deck.
  • This strategy is known as locating.

57
Card Game (Part 2)
  • Shuffle the deck.
  • Locate all four aces.
  • Once you are done, think about the process.

58
Card Game (Part 2)Cycling
  • In Part 2 of the card game, you had to find the
    four aces (A?, A?, A?, and A?).
  • This strategy is known as cycling.
  • Increased time was required to complete the task.

59
Card Game (Part 3)
  • Put all the cards back in the deck and shuffle.
  • Find all the diamonds and place the cards in
    order from A (low) to K (high).
  • Once you are done, think about the process.

60
Card Game (Part 3)Integrating
  • In Part 3 of the card game, you were asked to
    find all the diamonds and place the cards in
    order from A (low) to K (high).
  • This task involves multiple locates but this
    time you also had to manipulate, or process, the
    cards by sequencing them.
  • This strategy is known as integrate.

61
Card Game (Part 4)
  • Put all the cards back in the deck and shuffle.
  • Identify the highest-scoring hand for each of the
    three most popular card games in North America.
  • Once you are done, think about the process.

62
Card Game (Part 4)Generating
  • In Part 4 of the card game, you were asked to
    identify the highest-scoring hand for each of the
    three most popular card games in North America.
  • This task was the most challenging because it
    depended on using your prior knowledge to
    complete the task.
  • You had to generate the answer in your own head.

63
Card Game (Review)
  • The card game illustrates the strategies of
    locating, cycling, integrating and generating.
  • This demonstrates the kinds of analysis that went
    into determining the Essential Skills complexity
    levels.
  • Tasks that require only locating are considered
    easier than tasks that require cycling,
    integrating or generating.

64
Task Complexity
  • What makes tasks more or less difficult?
  • The difficulty level of a task depends on how
    easy or hard it is to find the answer.

65
Task Complexity
Task Complexity
  • Straightforward tasks (Level 1, 2)
  • Learner finds key words in the question and
    matches those words with the exact same words in
    the workplace document.
  • Learner does not need to have a strong
    understanding of the document format to find the
    answer.

66
Task Complexity
  • Examples
  • What is the patients name?Tim Aalto
  • What is the nutrition diet?Minced Diabetic

67
Task Complexity
  • More difficult tasks
  • Learner must
  • locate multiple pieces of information
  • compare information from different areas of the
    same document
  • integrate information from different areas of the
    same document
  • generate information
  • Learner needs to understand the document type or
    format.

68
Task Complexity
  • Level 1, 2
  • Locating multiple pieces of information
  • Example
  • Which floor coverings can be installed 16 to 24
    hours after application?
  • carpet, vinyl sheet goods

69
Task Complexity
  • Level 2
  • Comparing information from different areas of the
    same document
  • Making inferences
  • Example
  • What salads were ordered?
  • house caesar
  • house greens

70
Task Complexity
  • Level 2, 3
  • Integrating information from different areas of
    the same document or two documents
  • Example
  • Greg Raymond is a driver who has lost his CVOR
    Certificate. His RIN is 349 445 234. He is
    paying for a replacement using his credit card.
    Complete the application.

71
Exercise
  • Put the tasks in order of complexity from 1 to 5.
  • Read a short email to find out what time a
    meeting is
  • Read and critique technical reports, research
    papers and journal articles written by co-workers
    and colleagues.
  • Proofread and edit a friends résumé and cover
    letter for correct grammar and content.
  • Read an article in a newsletter to learn about
    upcoming or past events.
  • Read consumer product reviews from various
    websites and magazines to make purchasing
    decisions.

72
Essential Skills Profiles
  • Essential Skills Profiles describe how each skill
    is used in an occupation.
  • Researchers asked workers
  • - What do you do in your job?
  • - Why do you do it?
  • - How do you do it?
  • - What resources and materials do you use?
  • There are presently 385 profiles on the OSP
    Website.

73
Components of an Essential Skills Profile
  • Brief description of the occupation
  • List of the most important Essential Skills
  • Typical tasks grouped by skill and skill level
  • Physical aspects of performing the job and the
    attitudes that workers feel are needed to do the
    job well
  • Future trends affecting Essential Skill
    requirements for the occupation
  • Links to sites with information on this
    occupation, such as the National Occupational
    Classification Matrix (NOC) and Job Futures

74
Small Group Exercise
  • Review the OSP Occupational Profile
  • What are the 3 most important Essential Skills
    for this occupation?
  • What three components are common throughout the
    profile in describing each of the Essential
    Skills?
  • What is the range of skill level required?
  • What measuring instruments would they use?
  • What computer skills would they need?
  • What attitudes are required?

75
Skills Pyramid
76
Registered Nurse
Job/Workplace Specific Skills Follow the specific emergency procedures in the clinic if the patient had a reaction to the injection.
Technical Skills Give an injection.
Essential Skills DOCUMENT USE Read labels on the medication to verify the patients name and dosage. (1) ORAL COMMUNICATION Communicate with the patient and respond to questions or concerns relating to their health status or treatment interventions. (3) MEASUREMENT AND CALCULATION Measure the correct quantity of the substance to be injected. (1)
77
Essential Skills are transferable
  • Essential Skills are called transferable skills
    because you can transfer them (or take them with
    you) from school to work, further education or
    training, and to your everyday life they are
    also transferable from job to job.

78
Review
  1. There are 14 Essential Skills in the OSP.
  2. Essential Skills have skill levels.
  3. Essential Skills Profiles.
  4. Essential Skills are the foundation for learning
    other skills, like technical skills and
    job/workplace specific skills.
  5. Essential Skills are also called transferable
    skills.
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