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Applying the Human Views for MODAF to the conception of energy-saving work solutions Dr Anne Bruseberg Systems Engineering

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Title: Applying the Human Views for MODAF to the conception of energy-saving work solutions Dr Anne Bruseberg Systems Engineering


1
Applying the Human Views for MODAF to the
conception of energy-saving work solutions
Dr Anne Bruseberg Systems Engineering
Assessment Ltd, UKon behalf of the Human
Factors Integration Defence Technology Centre
(HFI DTC)
16 June 2008INCOSE 08, Utrecht, The
Netherlands anne.bruseberg_at_sea.co.uk
2
Objectives
  • What is tele-working?
  • People are allowed / encouraged to work from home
    for large parts of their working time
  • Why? It reduces
  • Costs for office-based facilities
  • Time and effort needed for travelling to offices
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Use of fossil fuels
  • Effects
  • Human-related concerns play an important role
  • Creates distributed working practices
  • Need for technologies to enable
  • Remote communication
  • Information sharing for collaboration and
    cooperation activities.
  • Need for organisational and procedural
    implementation

3
What is HFI?
4
HFI domains
5
HFI Functions
6
HFI Objectives
7
HFI Objectives
8
HFI Design Decision Areas
9
MODAF Overview
10
What is MODAF?
  • MoD Architectural Framework
  • Based on DoDAF
  • Conceive complex systems
  • Achieve Interoperability
  • Support requirements specifications
  • Model current and future systems (static)
  • Separation of component concerns
  • Several levels of abstraction

11
MODAF layers
12
Architecture characteristics
  • Generic Conceptual Data Model / Meta Model
  • Instantiation Logical and Physical Data Model
  • View window/snapshot onto model
  • Architectural products
  • Viewpoints

13
MODAF v. 1.1 (6 Viewpoints, 38 Views)
14
MODAF SV-1 (v 1.1)
15
MODAF Human Views overview
16
What are Human Views (HVs)?
  • Objectives
  • Express (high-level) HFI/HSI concerns in a
    Systems Engineering language
  • Capture human-related components of Enterprise
    models
  • Helps HFI/HSI to relate to SE concepts/methods
  • Ensures common modelling approach
  • HFI design decision areas that can generally be
    perceived as formal definitions.
  • Not
  • the soft issues that may be observed
  • Informal dependencies and behaviours (they are
    constraints and results)
  • Methods
  • Functional definitions
  • extending traditional meaning of functional to
    HFI design areas

17
The Human Views
18
HVs and MODAF
19
Outlook
  • Issue 1 of HV Handbook
  • Applications
  • Guidance
  • Process
  • Methods
  • Harmonisation with NATO HVs
  • Further alignment with MODAF developments
  • Issue 2 of HV Handbook (release early 2009)

20
MODAF Human Views details examples
21
StV-6 for tele-working
Requirements Operational Activity to
Capability Mapping
22
HV-E Human Functions and Tasks
23
Tele-working concerns HV-E
Human Functions and Tasks
  • OV-5 Relevant types of work
  • Research Design Consultancy Business
    Management (i.e. activities of Knowledge
    Workers)
  • HV-E describes human activities
  • for research
  • Project planning, information gathering, document
    writing
  • the practice of tele-working itself may introduce
    new tasks, e.g.
  • Work monitoring through more extensive project
    planning
  • fosters sense of accountability
  • AoF Options for tool support
  • Automated time and activity logging to support
    monitoring
  • OR remote workers may be trusted and
    organisational mechanisms used

24
HV-F Roles and Competencies
25
Tele-working roles/tasks/skills
26
Interactions affected by tele-working
27
HV-C Human Interaction Structure
28
Tele-working (as-is situation)
29
Tele-working (as-is situation)
30
Tele-working (as-is situation)
31
Tele-working (as-is situation)
32
HV-C elements for tele-working
Requirements focus
33
Tele-working concerns HV-C
Human Interaction Structure
  • New travelling and office attendance patterns
  • Distributed working environment with
  • remote communication
  • data sharing
  • Equip employees with the necessary tools, e.g.
  • light laptop, mobile phone, remote email access
  • home-based infrastructures (e.g. networking
    facilities, furniture).
  • Central office spaces receive different
    functions, e.g.
  • hot desks combined with mobile document lockers
  • many meeting rooms, teleconferencing facilities
  • catering shared with other companies
  • separate wireless networks outside secure company
    network

34
HV-B Quality Objectives and Metrics
35
HV-B Tele-working example
36
The complete HV meta-model
37
Experiences
  • Comprehensive framework capturing breadth of HF
    concerns
  • Clarified effects of change on other design
    aspects
  • Scrutiny clarified open questions and raised
    issues
  • Graphical versions facilitate communication
    between experts
  • To-Be models need to be grounded in As-Is
    models
  • Representation options need further development

38
Benefits of using HVs
  • HVs model the human side of transformations
    needed for energy-saving work solutions,
    including
  • HV-A Who could be made available for
    tele-working?
  • HV-B How may human-related benefits be expressed
    and measured?
  • HV-C What are the human interaction structures
    to be supported by technology solutions?
  • HV-D What are the required changes to formal
    organisational structures?
  • HV-E Which human activities are to be supported
    by technology functions, and how should human and
    systems complement each other?
  • HV-F Which human roles and skills need to be
    supported?
  • HV-G What are the time structures, conditions,
    and scenarios to be supported for different
    configurations?
  • HVs enable an overarching approach to manage
    change by embedding HVs in an existing
    Architectural Framework
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